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What Happened to the Word ;Sex;?;sex;这个词怎么了?What ever happened to sex? I had to fill out a government m the other day and it ask my gender, giving town boxes to check, male or female.;sex;这个词怎么了?某天我得填一份官方表格,上面要求我填写性别是男是女It wasnt too many years ago that it would have asked my sex, male of female.几年前这样的表格性别栏还用的是;sex;一词When did the term ;gender; replace ;sex; to describe the difference between males and females? And why? The term ;gender; has become ubiquitous.是何时;gender;这个术语开始取代了;sex;, 用来区分男女性别的不同?;gender;一词又为什么普遍适用了呢?My old college dictionary says that sex is a difference among living beings, as in the male and female sex, while gender is a difference in some languages partially corresponding to the natural order, in which the names of objects are either of masculine, feminine, or neuter gender.我翻看过去的大学辞典,上面显示;sex;一词代表生物的差异,如男性和女性,而;gender;这个词是指某些语言中部分对应的自然顺序的区别,比如所要形容的对象是阳性,阴性还是中性The most recent American Heritage Dictionary advises that, while gender has traditionally been used to refer to grammatical categories,最新的美国传统词典指出,;gender;一词历来被用来指语法范畴the word has been used in recent years to refer to sexual identity or sex-based social or cultural categories.近年来,这个词已经被用来表达性别认知或以性别为基础的社会和文化类别之中According to Stoller, an early pioneer in gender identity research, ;sex; is defined as the sum of physiological differences between male and female.斯托勒是性别认知研究领域的先驱,他认为,;sex;一词应该定义为男性和女性的生理差异的总和In contrast, ;gender; is viewed as a strictly psychological phenomenon and refers to the sum of behavioral or psychological differences between the sexes.相比之下,;gender;则被视为严格的心理现象,是指两性之间的行为或心理差异的总和So there is an important difference between sex and gender. The sex of a person is biologically determined. The gender of a person is culturally and socially determined.,;sex;和;gender;之间有重要的区别一个人的;sex;是生物因素决定的, 而;gender;则由文化和社会种种因素决定The past two decades have produced a wide body of academic literature on gender, along with corresponding university and college departments, centers and courses focusing on the issues of gender identity and gender studies.过去二十年间已经产生了大量以性别为研究主题的学术文献,以及有关性别认知和性别研究中主要问题的大学,学院部门,研究中心和课程Textbooks such courses all agree that gender refers to the roles attached to biological sex; femininity and masculinity in this view are mere social concepts.此类课程的教科书中都一致认同;gender;是指生物的性别角色,这个概念下,是女性还是男性仅仅是一种社会观念As one correspondent puts it, ;Sex refers to a biological statement of fact. Gender is the way one is socialized according to some standard of behavior associated with a role.;正如一位记者所说的那样,;sex是指一种生物的事实陈述;gender;是社会根据一些标准与你的行为举止所判定你扮演的角色;;Only women can bear children, but not only women can be mothers.;;只有女性能怀生子,但这并不代表只有女性能扮演母亲的角色;It is now clear that when the government asked my gender, there was something more involved than wanting to know my biological sex.现在我清楚那份表格中问我;gender;的时候,远不是仅仅想要知道我的生物性别那么简单There are only two sexes, but at least six if not eight genders male, female, lesbian, homosexual or gay, bisexual of both sexes and transgendered of both sexes.只有男女两种;sex;,但却有至少6中;gender; 男性,女性,女同性恋,男同性恋,双性恋和变形男女The simple change from ;sex; to ;gender; on a m hints a change in how we are coming to view our society and how it is being restructured.我们从表格中;sex;到;gender;的用词变化,可以隐隐感受到人们看待社会和社会格局的变化 379

Home Thoughts From Abroad - Robert Browning海外乡愁 - Robert BrowningO, TO be in England啊,但愿此刻身在英格兰,Now that April there,趁这四月天,And whoever wakes in England sees, some morning, unaware,一个早晨醒来,谁都会突然发观,That the lowest boughs and the brushwood sheaf榆树四周低矮的枝条和灌木丛中Round the elm-tree bole are in tiny leaf,小小的嫩叶已显出一片葱茏,While the chaffinch sings on the orchard bough听那苍头燕雀正在果园里唱歌In England—now!在英格兰啊,在此刻!And after April, when May follows,四月过去,五月接踵来到,And the white throat builds, and all the swallows!燕子都在衔泥,白喉鸟在筑巢!Hark, where my blossomd pear-tree in the hedge我园中倚向篱笆外的梨树Leans to the field and scatters on the clover依傍着田野,梨花带露Blossoms and dewdrops—at the bent spray edge在苜蓿草上飘飘洒洒—在弯曲的枝头That the wise thrush; he sings each song twice over,那是聪慧的画眉鸟,正把每一歌都唱上两遍,Lest you should think he never could recapture唯恐你误认为,他再也不能捕获The first fine careless rapture!第一遍即兴唱出的美妙欢乐!And though the fields look rough with hoary dew,原野覆着白露,凄清而苍凉,All will be gay when noontide wakes anew The buttercups,到中午一切又将喜气盎然the little children dower苏醒的毛茛花是孩子们的“嫁妆”Far brighter than this gaudy melon-flower!这华而俗的甜瓜花哪儿比得上它灿烂明亮! 39685

The Thought Fox—Ted Hughes思想之狐——特德休斯I imagine this midnight moment est我设想这午夜时分的森林:Something else is alive别的什么尚在活动Beside the clock loneliness在这孤寂的钟声和这张And this blank page where my fingers move.我以手指挲的空白纸页之外Through the window I see no star透过窗户我看不见星星:Something more near更近的什么Though deeper within darkness但在黑暗里更为幽深Is entering the loneliness正进入这孤寂中:Cold, delicately as the dark snow清冷,优雅,似那黑暗中的雪A fox nose touches twig, leaf;一只狐狸的鼻子碰触着细枝,叶瓣;Two eyes serve a movement, that now两只眼睛转动了,一下And again now, and now, and now又一下,又一下,又一下Sets neat prints into the snow匀称的足印踏进雪里Between trees, and warily a lame在树林间,机警地,一个瘸行的Shadow lags by stump and in hollow影子缓缓移动,倚着树桩,投进地洞里Of a body that is bold to come它属于一个呼之欲出的身体Across clearings, an eye,穿行于空地,一只眼睛,A widening deepening greenness,渐宽渐深的绿,Brilliantly, concentratedly,闪亮地,全神贯注地,Coming about its own business兀自游荡Till, with a sudden sharp hot stink of fox直至,带着一股骤然而至的浓烈狐臭It enters the dark hole of the head.它进入脑中的暗洞里The window is starless still; the clock ticks,窗外依然无星;钟声嘀嗒,The page is printed.纸页上写好了文字 7395

Patricia: What do you think of our new neighbor? Ray: I don’t know. I haven’t met him yet. Patricia: Me neither, but I think he’s a shady character. Ray: Why do you think that? Patricia: Well, when he was moving in, I tried to shoot the breeze with him and he was shifty. When I asked him what line of work he was in, he was very evasive. Ray: Maybe he just didn’t want to talk to a busybody when he was busy moving boxes. Have you thought of that? Patricia: I wasn’t being a busybody. I was just being neighborly. When I offered to help him, he practically kicked me out of his apartment. Ray: Okay, you must be right. He’s probably a serial killer. Patricia: I wouldn’t put it past him. Ray: Come on. My guess is that he just wants some peace and quiet. Patricia: He wants peace and quiet to do what? That’s what I want to know. Ray: I think we should just mind our own business. Patricia: You can do what you like, but I’m going over there and I’m getting some answers. If I have live next to him, I’m entitled to know something about him. Ray: Why don’t you leave the man alone? He’s entitled to some privacy. And plus, he probably won’t let you in. Patricia: That’s what you think. I’m not taking no an answer. Ray: That poor man! 37

What Happened to the Word ;Sex;?;sex;这个词怎么了?What ever happened to sex? I had to fill out a government m the other day and it ask my gender, giving town boxes to check, male or female.;sex;这个词怎么了?某天我得填一份官方表格,上面要求我填写性别是男是女It wasnt too many years ago that it would have asked my sex, male of female.几年前这样的表格性别栏还用的是;sex;一词When did the term ;gender; replace ;sex; to describe the difference between males and females? And why? The term ;gender; has become ubiquitous.是何时;gender;这个术语开始取代了;sex;, 用来区分男女性别的不同?;gender;一词又为什么普遍适用了呢?My old college dictionary says that sex is a difference among living beings, as in the male and female sex, while gender is a difference in some languages partially corresponding to the natural order, in which the names of objects are either of masculine, feminine, or neuter gender.我翻看过去的大学辞典,上面显示;sex;一词代表生物的差异,如男性和女性,而;gender;这个词是指某些语言中部分对应的自然顺序的区别,比如所要形容的对象是阳性,阴性还是中性The most recent American Heritage Dictionary advises that, while gender has traditionally been used to refer to grammatical categories,最新的美国传统词典指出,;gender;一词历来被用来指语法范畴the word has been used in recent years to refer to sexual identity or sex-based social or cultural categories.近年来,这个词已经被用来表达性别认知或以性别为基础的社会和文化类别之中According to Stoller, an early pioneer in gender identity research, ;sex; is defined as the sum of physiological differences between male and female.斯托勒是性别认知研究领域的先驱,他认为,;sex;一词应该定义为男性和女性的生理差异的总和In contrast, ;gender; is viewed as a strictly psychological phenomenon and refers to the sum of behavioral or psychological differences between the sexes.相比之下,;gender;则被视为严格的心理现象,是指两性之间的行为或心理差异的总和So there is an important difference between sex and gender. The sex of a person is biologically determined. The gender of a person is culturally and socially determined.,;sex;和;gender;之间有重要的区别一个人的;sex;是生物因素决定的, 而;gender;则由文化和社会种种因素决定The past two decades have produced a wide body of academic literature on gender, along with corresponding university and college departments, centers and courses focusing on the issues of gender identity and gender studies.过去二十年间已经产生了大量以性别为研究主题的学术文献,以及有关性别认知和性别研究中主要问题的大学,学院部门,研究中心和课程Textbooks such courses all agree that gender refers to the roles attached to biological sex; femininity and masculinity in this view are mere social concepts.此类课程的教科书中都一致认同;gender;是指生物的性别角色,这个概念下,是女性还是男性仅仅是一种社会观念As one correspondent puts it, ;Sex refers to a biological statement of fact. Gender is the way one is socialized according to some standard of behavior associated with a role.;正如一位记者所说的那样,;sex是指一种生物的事实陈述;gender;是社会根据一些标准与你的行为举止所判定你扮演的角色;;Only women can bear children, but not only women can be mothers.;;只有女性能怀生子,但这并不代表只有女性能扮演母亲的角色;It is now clear that when the government asked my gender, there was something more involved than wanting to know my biological sex.现在我清楚那份表格中问我;gender;的时候,远不是仅仅想要知道我的生物性别那么简单There are only two sexes, but at least six if not eight genders male, female, lesbian, homosexual or gay, bisexual of both sexes and transgendered of both sexes.只有男女两种;sex;,但却有至少6中;gender; 男性,女性,女同性恋,男同性恋,双性恋和变形男女The simple change from ;sex; to ;gender; on a m hints a change in how we are coming to view our society and how it is being restructured.我们从表格中;sex;到;gender;的用词变化,可以隐隐感受到人们看待社会和社会格局的变化 379


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