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时间:2019年08月17日 17:43:17

If you work a desk job, you might make up for all that sitting around by going for a run every day after leaving the office. That exercise cancels out the negative effects of eight hours spent in a chair, right?如果你在办公室工作,你可以在离开办公室后,每天通过跑步来弥补这一天的久坐。运动可以抵消八个小时坐在椅子上带来的负面影响,是这样吗?Wrong, according to a new advisory from the American Heart Association.美国心脏协会的一项新报告表明,这一结论是错误的。In the lengthy paper, a team of cardiology experts reviewed existing evidence about the link between sitting and health.在这篇冗长的论文中,心脏病专家小组回顾了现有关于久坐与健康之间关系的论。Their conclusions, published this week in the journal Circulation, say that no amount of physical activity is enough to combat the dangerous health effects of sitting for hours each day.其结论于本周发表在《循环》杂志上,他们认为再多的体育活动也不足以抵消每天久坐所带来的健康危害。The average American sits for six to eight hours per day, according to the AHA#39;s report. Studies have linked long periods of sitting with an increased risk for diabetes, heart disease and even cancer. Sedentary days have also been shown to increase anxiety.据美国心脏协会的报告显示,美国人每天平均坐着的时间为六到八个小时。该研究表明,久坐会增加患糖尿病、心脏病、甚至癌症的风险。此外,久坐不动还会增加焦虑感。Some research has found that frequent breaks from sitting ― even simply fidgeting! ― can help ward off its negative health effects.一些研究发现,坐立期间不断的中断--即便只是坐立不安--也可以帮助避免其对健康的负面影响。;Regardless of how much physical activity someone gets, prolonged sedentary time could negatively impact the health of your heart and blood vessels,; said Dr. Deborah Young, chair of the report, in a statement. ;There is evidence to suggest that sedentary behavior could contribute to excess morbidity and mortality.;该报告的负责人黛拉·杨士在一份申明中写道:;不管做多少体育运动,长期久坐都可能会影响心血管健康,有据表明,久坐可能会导致发病率和死亡率过高。;In other words, sitting may kill you faster. And while experts say they don#39;t have enough data to recommend exact time limits for chair potato-ing, it#39;s wise to adopt their mantra of ;Sit less, move more.;换句话说,久坐可能很快就会要了你的命。虽然专家表示,他们还没有足够的数据来给出坐在椅子上的确切时间,但是把;少坐多动;作为口头禅仍是明智之举。Popular ways to sit less include trading TV time for active hobbies, walking or biking to work instead of riding in a car or bus, or hosting a walking meeting instead of gathering your colleagues in a conference room.比较受欢迎的少坐方式包括:把看电视的时间换成做积极向上的爱好的时间,步行或骑自行车上班而不是乘汽车或公共汽车,可以召开一次步行会议,而不是把你的同事叫到会议室。 /201608/463536

New shoots and first blooms are nature#39;s signal that spring has arrived - even if warmer weather hasn#39;t made an appearance.  新生的嫩芽和初绽的花朵是大自然的信号,预示着春天已经到来——即使更温暖的天气还没有出现。  As these vibrant photographs show, cherry blossom trees are set to create glorious floral displays around the world.  从这些充满生机的照片中,我们可以看出全世界的樱花树都会营造出美伦美奂的花景。  These stunning images, taken in Japan and in South Korea, show their picturesque landscapes being transformed into a sea of pink as cherry trees bloom.  这些惊艳的美图摄于日本和韩国,盛开的樱花把这两个风景如画的国家变成了粉红的花海。  Japan has celebrations for cherry blossoms every year from about the end of March to the beginning of April.  日本每年三月底到四月初都会庆祝樱花盛开。  Yoshiki Fujiwara, a photographer based in Japan, has travelled to different parts of the country, including Kyoto, Kansai and Honshu, to capture the cherry blossom in 2015.  藤原喜章(Yoshiki Fujiwara)是一位日本摄影师,他曾在2015年到京都、关西和本州等不同地区拍摄樱花。  Some of his images showed the surreal landscape covered in pink while in others, the bright flowers arenestled amongst forest green trees.  他的作品有的展示了大地一片粉红的超现实美景,有的则是鲜艳的花朵静栖于绿色的树林之中。 /201604/435510

Trust your gut. In art, as in life,thinking is overrated. These are the unexpected messages vibrating from thesurface of a painting that has sparked considerable debate this week: a canvassalvaged from the damp rafters of a house near Toulouse in southwestern France.Sophisticated examinations are being carried out to determine whether thecontroversial painting – which depicts a gruesome scene of decapitation fromthe apocryphal Book of Judith – is likely a lost work by the Italian masterCaravaggio, and therefore worthy of a price tag north of 6million(?96million).Some specialists believe it to be authentic, and an export ban hasbeen placed on the painting to ensure it remains in France.相信你的直觉。如同在生活中一样,思考在艺术上是被高估的。这些令人意想不到的信息从本周引发相当大争议的一幅画的画面中散发出来,该画是从法国西南部图卢兹(Toulouse)附近一所房子里潮湿的椽子之间抢救出来的。该画正被复杂严谨地鉴定,以确定这幅描绘了次经《犹滴书》(Book of Judith)中可怕的斩首场面是否真是意大利大师卡拉瓦乔(Caravaggio)的轶作,进而令其身价超过1亿3千6百万美元(合9千6百万英镑)。一些专家相信它是真迹,并且该画被设了出口禁令,以确保它留在法国。The rift that the so-called “Caravaggio inthe attic” is creating among experts coincides with the 30-year anniversary ofa dust-up that rocked the art world in 1986, when the J Paul Getty Museum inLos Angeles, California provocatively unveiled a statue that was either atwo-and-a-half millennia-old masterwork or just a fake a few months’ old,depending on whom you believed. Placed side-by-side with the recentlydiscovered Judith Beheading Holofernes, the infamous marble sculpture known asthe Getty kouros offers a timely reminder of the power of instinct over eventhe most gritty and granular of scientific analyses.这幅所谓“阁楼上的卡拉瓦乔”在专家间引起的分歧与三十年前的1986年轰动艺术界的一件事非常类似,当时位于加州洛杉矶的保罗盖蒂物馆(J Paul Getty Museum)为一座雕像揭幕引发了争论,这座雕像要么是两千五百年前的真迹,要么是几个月前伪造的赝品,其真实年代完全取决于你到底相信谁的话。与最近发现的《犹滴割下何乐弗尼的头颅》放在一起,这座称为“盖蒂雕像”的声名狼藉的大理石像,及时提醒我们直觉的力量甚至比最细致入微的科学分析更胜一筹。Without lifting the crudest magnifyingglass and without plugging in a single piece of cutting-edge reflectographyequipment, one can immediately detect the shared problem with both the Gettyforgery and the attribution to Caravaggio of the recovered canvas fromToulouse: they’re not beautiful. Those who initially defended dating the Gettystatue to “around 530 ” (thus making the work one of only a dozen suchtreasures to have survived), pointed to the discovery of a calcite crust thathad formed on the marble – a patina that only great age could have wrought.Doubters, meanwhile, admitted into evidence the clumsy counterfeiting ofdocuments (some bearing impossible addresses) that accompanied the purchase ofthe statue for million (?6.3million) in 1985 and to the bizarre mish-mash ofstyles that appear to pit the braids of the subject’s hairagainst the contours of his hands and thighs, as if the confused work had beencarved by a tag-team of artists across different eras and regions.不用最原始的放大镜,也不用插入一片最先进的反射记录仪,人们可以立即发现盖蒂物馆的伪作与图卢兹发现的归于卡拉瓦乔的这幅作品的共同问题:他们并不精美。那些最初为将盖蒂雕像断代为“公元前530年前后”进行辩护的人(从而使得该作品跻身幸存下来的十几件珍品之列),指出在大理石表面发现了方解石外壳,这种薄层只有历经久远的年代才能形成。与此同时,持怀疑态度的人,则挑出那些拙劣伪造的文件据(有些文件上的地址压根不可能出现),这些文件与1985年花费九百万美元(合630万英镑)购买雕像相配套;以及雕像呈现出来的怪异的风格大杂烩,比如雕像发辫与手和大腿的形状风格相冲突,仿佛这个令人困惑的作品是由来自不同时代和地区的一群艺术家雕刻而成。But such deep analyses on both sidesoverlook the obvious: the statue lacks what the Romantic writers John Keats andWilliam Hazlitt called “gusto”: a chameleon power that no gizmo can empiricallymeasure and no amount of research can adequately plumb. A work of art eitherhas it or it doesn’t. The Getty kouros doesn’t. Nor, in my opinion, does theToulouse Judith – at least not to anything like the degree necessary to believethat the painting is by the same brush that slanted the shadows and ignitedwith soulful fire the expressions depicted in the scenes from the life ofMatthew in the Contarelli Chapel in Rome.但是双方的这种深入分析忽略了显而易见的一点:这座雕像缺少浪漫主义作家约翰.济慈(John Keats)和威廉.赫兹里特(William Hazlitt)所说的“品味”(gusto):这种变幻莫测的力量,没有哪个发明能够凭着经验把它找出,也没有大量研究能够一探究竟,一件作品要么有品味要么没有。而盖蒂雕像没有。在我看来,图卢兹的犹滴也没有–至少没有达到让我有必要去相信该画与罗马肯塔瑞里小教堂(Contarelli Chapel)里描绘圣马太生平的画作来自同一画笔的程度,这画笔令阴影倾斜,并且以灵魂之火点燃了这些场景中蕴涵的感情。The figure of Judith is strangelynonplussed given the unpleasantness of the messy task at hand: the splurtybusiness of sawing through the neck of the drunk Assyrian general Holofernes,whom the widow suspects is plotting to destroy her home. Unlike a known versionof the same scene by Caravaggio in the Palazzo Barberini in Rome, the compositionof the newly discovered canvas is disjointed and casts its awkward actors outof sync. Might it, I hear you ask, just be the work of Caravaggio on an offday? Now that didn’t feel right, did it?不同于已知由卡拉瓦乔在罗马的巴贝里尼宫(Palazzo Barberini)绘制的同一场面,新发现作品的构图有些脱节,形象之间并不协调。你也许会问,是不是卡拉瓦乔不在状态?现在你会觉得有点不对劲,不是吗?从画面来看,考虑到行径的血腥场面,犹滴露出奇怪的茫然表情– 旁边的寡妇怀疑亚述将军何乐弗尼正密谋摧毁她的家,而她割进喝醉了的将军的脖子、鲜血喷溅而出。 /201605/440849


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