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2019年10月19日 17:32:30 | 作者:问医网 | 来源:新华社

"Avatar" star Zoe Saldana, who played a sexy blue alien in the 3D extravaganza, made People magazine's annual best-dressed list on Wednesday, alongside "Glee" actress Lea Michele and Prince William's girlfriend.Singers Gwen Stefani and Rihanna also appear in the top , which does not rank its entrants in order. Actresses Jennifer Aniston, Jessica Alba and Diane Kruger made the cut as well.Saldana, 3, seen in "Avatar" wearing little but blue and an elegant tail, was dubbed the "Red Carpet Queen" by People her grace, taste and sense of fun.Michele, , who plays geeky Rachel Berry in the TV musical "Glee", is "The Newbie" in the list, praised wearing bold shades like scarlet and emerald on the red carpet.And Kate Middleton, , the long-time girlfriend of the second-in-line to the British throne was dubbed the "Princess in Waiting" and won plaudits always looking "chic and refined."Kruger, , who played a German double agent in last year's "Inglourious Basterds," was called the "Runway Renegade," admired doing her own make-up and putting style bee comt at celebrity events.People also picked out some fashion moments that were just inglorious, including untunate red carpet appearances by Rita Wilson, the actress wife of Tom Hanks, and mer screen siren Sharon Stone.The magazine deemed the suicide of British fashion designer Alexander McQueen, Chelsea Clinton's multimillion-dollar wedding and Canadian teen idol Justin Bieber's floppy, eye-brow grazing hair as the most memorable style moments of the year. 1987

Victoria Justice维多利亚·嘉蒂丝

TOKYO — Around the world, the music business has shifted toward downloads and streaming. But in Japan, the compact disc is still king.东京——音乐市场在世界各地普遍都转向下载和流媒体播放但在日本,CD却仍然大行其道On a drizzly Sunday afternoon recently, Tower Records nine-level flagship store here was packed with customers like Kimiaki Koinuma. A 3-year-old engineer in a Dee Dee Ramone T-shirt, Mr. Koinuma said that, unlike most men his age around the world, he spends little time with digital services and prefers his music on disc.在下着毛毛雨的一个周日下午,淘儿唱片(Tower Records)的旗舰店里挤满了顾客,身穿迪·迪·雷蒙(Dee Dee Ramone)T恤的鲤沼公明(Kimiaki Koinuma)就是其中一位这个3岁的工程师表示,他很少使用数字音乐务,更喜欢CD音乐这有别于全球各地的大多数同龄男性;I buy around three CDs a month,; he said, showing off a haul of six new albums, including the Rolling Stones classic ;Exile on Main St.; and an assortment of the latest Japanese pop hits.“我一个月买3张CD左右,”他说道,并展示了他的六张新唱片,包括滚石乐队(Rolling Stones)的经典专辑《主街流放(Exile on Main St.)和一些最新的日本流行金曲Japan may be one of the world perennial early adopters of new technologies, but its continuing attachment to the CD puts it sharply at odds with the rest of the global music industry. While CD sales are falling worldwide, including in Japan, they still about 85 percent of sales here, compared with as little as percent in some countries, like Sweden, where online streaming is dominant.日本在新技术方面一直都属于热衷尝鲜的那一类地方,但它对于CD的痴迷则让它跟流媒体务风靡的各国大相径庭CD销量在世界各地都呈下降趋势,包括日本,但它们在日本的音乐销售额占比仍然高达85%左右相比之下,一些国家的这一比例低至只有%,如在线流媒体务当道的瑞典;Japan is utterly, totally unique,; said Lucian Grainge, the chairman of the Universal Music Group, the world largest music conglomerate.“日本市场真的很独特,”全球头号音乐巨头环球音乐集团(Universal Music Group)董事长卢西恩·格兰奇(Lucian Grainge)说道That uniqueness has the rest of the music business worried. Despite its robust CD market, sales in Japan — the world second-largest music market, after the ed States — have been sliding a decade, and last year they dropped percent, dragging worldwide results down 3.9 percent.那种独特性令整个音乐行业相当担忧尽管日本的CD销售表现强劲,但这个仅次于美国的全球第二大音乐市场十年来一直在下滑,去年更是下跌%,致使全球销售额下降3.9%Digital sales — rising in every other top market — are quickly eroding in Japan, going from almost billion in to just Dear Gwyneth,亲爱的格温妮丝:I really enjoyed your recent comments to E! about how easy an office job is parents, compared to the grueling circumstances of being on a movie set. “I think it’s different when you have an office job, because it’s routine and, you know, you can do all the stuff in the morning and then you come home in the evening,” you said. “When you’re shooting a movie, they’re like, ‘We need you to go to Wisconsin two weeks,’ and then you work hours a day, and that part of it is very difficult. I think to have a regular job and be a mom is not as, of course there are challenges, but it’s not like being on set.”我真的好喜欢你最近在E!电视节目上说的话你说和从事电影业人那种筋疲力尽的窘境相比,有一份办公室工作的父母真是太幸福了“我认为从事办公室工作很不一样,因为这种工作的工作时间是比较固定的,白天做完所有事情,然后晚上回家”你说道,“拍电影时的感觉就好像是要去威斯康辛州待两周一样,每天工作小时哦,这太艰难了虽然还是有一定挑战,但我觉得上班族妈咪不像电影明星那样劳累”As a mother of a toddler, I couldn’t agree more!我的孩子才刚学会走路,我对你说的表示强烈同意“Thank God I don’t make millions filming one movie per year” is what I say to myself pretty much every morning as I wait on a windy Metro-North platm, about to begin my 5-minute commute into the city. Whenever things get rough, all I have to do is keep reminding myself of that fact. It is my mantra.几乎每个早晨,我站在风吹的向北地铁站台,准备开始到市中心的5分钟行程时,总会对自己说“谢天谢地,幸好我不用每年拍一部数百万美元的电影”每每遇到棘手问题,我都会这样告诉自己这句话就是我的口头禅And I know all my fellow working-mom friends feel the same. Am I right, ladies?据我所知,身边已做了母亲的同事朋友们都是这么想的女士们,我说的没错吧?We’re always gabbing about how easy it is to balance work and home life. Whenever I meet with them at one of our weekly get-togethers — a breeze to schedule, because reliable baby sitters often roam my neighborhood in packs, holding up signs peddling their services — we have a competition to see who has it easier. Is it the female bwinners who work around the clock to make sure their mortgages get paid, lying awake at night, wracked with anxiety over the idea of losing their jobs? Or is it the mothers who get mommy-tracked and denied promotions? What about the moms with “regular” 9-to-5 jobs, who are penalized when their kids are sick and they don’t have backup child care?我们总是说在工作和家庭生活中寻求平衡是件轻而易举的事每次我在每周一次的固定小聚会上聊天时,总会拿保姆来作比较保姆们经常提着大包小包,举着求职牌子在我家附近转悠看看哪一个更轻松吧是那些夜以继日工作但却无法保交得起房屋贷款,晚上躺在床上担心饭碗,养家糊口的妇女,还是那些在职场上难以获得晋升机会,有一份朝九晚五的工作却在孩子生病时感到煎熬又没有照顾孩子的备选方案的职场妈咪呢?Those women are living the dream, I tell you!还在做梦的妈妈们,让我来告诉你吧!Which reminds me, child care. As you know, Gwynnie, having a staff can be a real drag. It’s so hard to find good help these days! That’s why it’s a good thing there’s all this nationally subsidized, high-quality day care lying around the taking. It just makes things easier knowing you have such a strong support network and don’t have to pay someone anywhere from K to K annually to take care of your child full-time.别忘了还有托儿所!众所周知,格温妮丝重担缠身现在这个时代要找个好帮手真是太难了附近可供选择的公立高质量日托所是很不错的选择这能够让你获得巨大的帮助,让事情变得轻松,而且你还不用每年付给全职照顾小孩的保姆3-6.5万美元You mentioned in your E! interview that when someone has an office job, “You know you can do all the stuff in the morning,” and that hit the nail on the head. As someone with an office job, my mornings are obviously pretty leisurely. Sometimes I even have time to drink half of my coffee bee it gets cold! After my 6 a.m. wake-up, I have a lot of time to loll around, hopping in the shower and then throwing makeup on my face, hoping that I’ll have enough time to put my tights on bee my son starts crying in his crib. Then, when he does start crying, I have to make the decision: Do I get fully dressed, or do I go tend to him with my hair still dripping wet? Talk about being spoilt choice!在E!的节目采访中,你一针见血地说上班族可以在早上办完事作为上班族的我,早上有大把大把的悠闲时光有时,我甚至在咖啡冷掉前能喝下半杯!早上六点之后醒来,我就无所事事,洗洗澡,打扮打扮,在躺在婴儿床里的孩子哭之前我还有充足的时间套上紧身衣当孩子开始哭时,我才需要做出抉择:我要好好打扮一番还是带着湿漉漉的头发去照顾孩子呢?我有太多可选择的余地啦!Then I have a few Bellinis and adjust my 01(k) contributions.接下来,我会喝点鸡尾酒,规划下我的01k退休福利计划(适用美国私人公司的一种延后课税的退休金账户计划,因相关规定在国税法第01K条中而得名)After I get home from work, I’m full of energy and y to cook dinner using one of the recipes you post on your lifestyle Web site, Goop: slow-cooked kale, pancetta and b crumbs, anyone? After that, I’ll go to yoga, spend a few hours meditating and maybe do some online shopping, picking up a pair of 0 white leopard-printed short-shorts via Goop in preparation the “spring break” I’ll take with my husband and son.下班回来,我精神饱满地准备照Goop(一个提倡健康生活方式的网站)上的菜单做饭:文火烹调的蔬菜汤、意大利熏肉和面包屑再然后,我会去做做瑜伽,沉思几个小时或者上网购物,根据Goop的推荐挑选一条350美元的白色豹皮短裤,用来在春假和丈夫孩子一块出门的时候穿If there’s one thing I look good in after having a child, it’s short-shorts.生完孩子后,我穿起来还算好看的也只有短裤了So, Gwyneth, you’ve figured out the secret of working parents everywhere: Livin’ la vida desk job is a breeze compared to the -hour days of a film set. Fourteen hours? Who in New York — especially those in the finance, law and tech professions — could possibly work whole hours?格温妮丝,你深谙上班族父母的诀窍:办公室工作跟每天工作小时电影人比真的不算什么那些在华盛顿工作,特别是从事金融、法律和科技的人很可能一天要满满地工作小时吧?Luckily, those 9-to-5 “ordinary job” hours grow on trees here.幸好幸好,这些朝九晚五的“普通工作”还是很多的And if you lose one, all you have to do is find another.要是丢了一份,你还是能找到另一份的Yours, Mackenzie麦肯兹 95 million last year, according to the Recording Industry Association of Japan.根据日本唱片产业协会的数据,在其它主要市场均呈现增长的数字销售额在日本却快速下降,去年从年的近亿美元下滑至只有亿美元Turning Japan around has become a priority the global music business, which has struggled to regain its footing after losing about half its value since 00, when digital technology began to disrupt the album-based business model.扭转日本市场的运营成为了全球音乐行业的重中之重自00年数字技术开始颠覆基于唱片的商业模式以来,该行业已经缩水了接近一半,一直无力挽回失地But accomplishing change has been difficult, according to analysts and music executives in Japan and the West, in part because of a protectionist business climate in Japan that still views the digital business with suspicion.然而,在日本和西方国家的分析师和音乐高管看来,寻求变化并非易事,部分因为日本的保护主义商业环境,该国仍对数字业务表示怀疑Streaming music services like Spotify and Rdio, widely seen as the industry best new hope new revenue, have stalled in efts to enter Japan. Spotify, the biggest such player, has been stuck two years in licensing negotiations with music companies in Japan, where homegrown pop idols by far outsell Western acts.Spotify、Rdio等被行业寄予厚望的流媒体音乐务均迟迟未能进入日本市场该领域最大的务商Spotify陷入了与日本音乐公司的已有两年的版权谈判拉锯战当中在该国,本土流行乐明星的唱片销量远超西方歌手Ken Parks, Spotify chief content officer, said he was optimistic about his company prospects, and noted that the negotiating process was slow wherever it went. Spotify, which has more than million customers in 57 markets around the world, negotiated with labels almost two years bee it arrived in the ed States in , example.Spotify首席内容官肯·帕克斯(Ken Parks)指出,他对公司的前景感到乐观,事实上,版权谈判以往在其它国家也并不顺利,进展缓慢例如,年进入美国市场之前,它也跟唱片公司谈判了近两年时间Spotify目前拥有超过00万用户,覆盖全球57个市场;When the decision makers finally feel that the heat is intense enough that they have to do something different, they will,; Mr. Parks said. ;I think we are approaching that moment in Japan.;“当决策者终于觉得坐不住了,必须要实施一些变化时,他们就会采取行动,”帕克斯说道“我觉得我们在日本市场快要迎来那个时刻了”Others have doubts, pointing to the Japanese market devotion to the CD, which remains a primary source of revenue record labels in the country, and an indispensable promotional tool.其他人则心存怀疑,指出了日本市场对于CD的热爱在该国,CD仍然是唱片公司的主要收入来源,而且还是不可或缺的营销工具Peculiarities of Japan business climate have shaped its attachment to the CD, but cultural factors may also be at play, like Japanese consumers love collectible goods. Greatest hits albums, example, do particularly well in Japan, perhaps because of the elaborate, artist-focused packaging. The hugely popular girl group AKB8 pioneered the sale of CDs containing tickets that can be redeemed access to live events — a strategy credited with propping up CD sales, because it can lead the biggest fans to buy multiple copies of an album.日本独特的商业环境造就了人们对CD的痴迷,不过文化因素可能也在起作用,比如日本消费者对于收藏品很热衷例如,精选辑在日本卖得特别火,这可能是得益于唱片专注于歌手的精致包装热门的日本女子偶像组合AKB8开创了买CD送演唱会门票的先河这一策略提高了CD的销量,因为它能够吸引狂热的粉丝购买多张唱片Tower Records closed its 89 American outlets in , but the Japanese branch of the chain — controlled by NTT DoCoMo, Japan largest phone carrier — still has 85 outlets, doing 0 million in business a year.Tower Records在年关闭了89家美国门店,但该连锁店的日本分公司(现由日本最大的电信运营商NTT DoCoMo控股)仍有85家门店,年销售额达到5亿美元At Tower flagship store, in the heart of the skyscraper-lined shopping district of Shibuya, a group of preteen girls called Kokepiyo permed fans and autographed CDs one afternoon last month, while their mother-managers watched protectively. Outside, an 18-year-old student who gave her name as Yuria had come to Tower to see her favorite band, the Lotus. She carried a bag full of merchandise she had bought at the store, and said that she frequently buys multiple collectible copies of CDs.上个月的一个下午,在Tower Records位于涩谷天大厦林立的商业区的旗舰店,少女组合Kokepiyo在为粉丝表演和签售CD,她们的母亲和经济人则守护在一旁外面,一位叫Yuria的18岁的女生来到Tower Records看她最喜欢的乐队Lotus她在该店买了满满一袋东西,她说自己经常一次性购买多张收藏CD;Each store has its own freebies to give away to sell more CDs,; Yuria said. ;So it all depends on how good they are.;“每家店都提供自己的赠品来刺激CD销售,”Yuria说,“所以全要看它们有多好”In the ed States, digital sales have long since overtaken physical ones. But CDs still 1 percent of the $ billion recorded music market worldwide, and, in addition to Japan, some big markets like Germany remain reliant on CD sales. That attachment worries some analysts, who contend that if those countries do not embrace online music, an inevitable decline in CD sales will further damage the industry.在美国,数字音乐销售早已超过实体唱片销售然而,CD在规模为0亿美元的全球唱片音乐市场的份额仍达到1%,除了日本之外,包括德国在内的一些大市场仍依赖CD销售消费者对CD的这种痴迷令一些分析师感到担忧在他们看来,如果那些国家不积极拥抱在线音乐,CD市场无可避免的下滑将会对音乐行业造成进一步的损害;If Japan sneezes and Germany catches a cold, that it — were done,; said Alice Enders, a media analyst with Enders Analysis in London.“如果日本打喷嚏,而德国又感冒,那音乐行业就完了,”Enders Analysis媒体分析师艾丽斯·恩德斯(Alice Enders)称A distinctive business ecosystem in Japan has kept CD sales lucrative music companies. Pricing restrictions on retailers keep the cost of most new CDs at more than $. In the mid-00s, a nascent download service, Recochoku, was tethered to Japan expansive cellphone market, but that system collapsed once the country moved on to smartphones like the iPhone.日本独特的商业生态系统,让音乐公司仍可以从CD销售获得不俗的收益对零售商的定价限制使得大多数新CD的售价都超过美元00年代中期,新兴的下载务Recochoku植入了日本广大的手机市场,但随着该国转向iPhone等智能手机,这一体系土崩瓦解Part of the problem, executives say, is the complex array of companies that control rights to the most popular music in Japan, which have been very slow to license new services.行业高管们认为,该问题一定程度上是因为日本流行音乐版权分散在各家公司手上,而它们在向新务授予版权时行动缓慢Sony Music Unlimited, example, is the largest available streaming service in Japan, but it lacks the most popular hits there. (Sony declines to say how many subscribers it has to Music Unlimited, in Japan or elsewhere.) Apple iTunes store arrived in Japan in , but only in did it begin to sell the Japanese music titles of its hardware rival Sony.例如,索尼的Music Unlimited务虽然是日本最大的流媒体音乐务,但它的音乐库却没有该国最流行的那些音乐(索尼拒绝透露Music Unlimited在日本和其它市场的订户数量)苹果的iTunes商店于年进入日本市场,但直到年才能开始出售其硬件产品竞争对手索尼手握的日本音乐Executives in Japan and the West blame an overly cautious Japanese music industry not adapting, and serious worries remain about Japan ability to recover from its losses last year.日本和西方行业高管都指责过度谨慎的日本音乐行业没有去适应大趋势,日本能否从去年的亏损中恢复过来也存在很大的疑问;A substantial amount of senior management is worried about what happens on their watch, but not necessarily worried about what happens after that,; Shigeo Maruyama, the mer president of Sony Music Entertainment Japan, said in an interview.“很多高管担心的是,在自己任内会发生什么,但对此后怎么样则不一定那么关心,”日本索尼音乐株式会社前负责人丸山茂雄(Shigeo Maruyama)在一次采访中表示This year, things in Japan are looking slightly better. In , there were no million-selling albums, but this year there have been two: a Japanese version of Disney ;Frozen; soundtrack and the latest release by AKB8. Yet in the first half of the year sales were still down an additional 3 percent compared with a year earlier.今年,日本市场的情况略有改善年它连一张销量破百万的唱片都没有,而今年则已经有两张:迪士尼《冰雪奇缘原声专辑日本版和AKB8的最新专辑不过,今年上半年的销售额跌幅相比去年扩大了3个百分点;The Japanese record companies hope is to maintain the current size of the physical market, and to try to make the digital market grow again by licensing new digital services,; said Yoichiro Hata a director of the Recording Industry Association of Japan.“日本唱片公司的希望是,能够维持实体市场当前的规模,同时尝试通过向新数字务出售版权来使得数字市场恢复增长,”日本唱片产业协会的一位负责人羽田阳一郎(Yoichiro Hata)指出 the rest of the struggling global recording industry, that growth cannot come soon enough.对于陷入困境的全球唱片行业来说,那种增长当然来得越早越好;It inevitable that this market comes back to growth,; said Mr. Grainge, of Universal. ;What Im not going to predict is when.;“这个市场必定会恢复增长,”环球音乐的格兰奇说,“什么时候发生就不好说了” 50


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