泉州万虹医院久久频道

明星资讯腾讯娱乐2019年07月22日 14:07:47
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I have just three words for you today: I love you.   今天我只为你献上三个字: 我爱你。Eating in America --美国主食吃什么 美国人吃午餐和吃晚餐之前通常要喝点鸡尾酒,但在加利福尼亚州,人们大都喝葡萄酒。吃主食之前,一般都要吃一盘色拉。炸磨茹和炸洋葱圈可作为开胃食品,牛排、猪排和鸡(腿)为主食,龙虾、贝壳类动物以及各 种鱼类甚至包括淡水鱼被统称为海鲜。炸土豆条是深受人们喜爱而且几乎成了必不可少的食物。另外应特别注意的一点,如有吃剩的食物,一定要打包带回家,以免浪费。   Cocktail鸡尾酒   It is quite usual to drink cocktails before lunch and dinner in America and somewhat less usual, except in California, to drink wine with a meal. You can either have a cocktail in the bar, if there is one, while you wait for a table or for friends, or you can have one served before your dinner comes. At some restaurants the waiter/waitress will come to your table as soon as you sit down to ask if you want a cocktail, and you can then drink this while deciding what to order to eat. At others, there may be a separate cocktail waiter or waitress. In this case, you do not normally order wine from him or her but from the normal waiter- or the wine waiter is there is one.   Do not hesitate to order Californian wines. They can be excellent and in many parts of the country are cheap.   Salad 色拉   It is usual to have a salad with your meal, and a separate plate is provided for this purpose. The normal practice in America is to eat the salad before the main course. A wonderful American invention is the salad bar. In restaurants that have these salad bars the waiter does not bring your salad. You go to the salad bar and help yourself, usually to as much as you want. This is normally done after you have ordered your meal; you eat the salad while the main course is being cooked.   Choosing from the Menu 选菜   American s can look rather confusing at first sight, for they may use some terms which are unfamiliar to most vistors. Here are some points which may be useful.   Fried mushrooms, fried onion rings (洋葱圈) and fried zucchini (小胡瓜) are sometimes served as starters (第一道菜).   Potatoes most often come "French-fried" or baked. If you order a baked potato, the waiter will ask you what you want on it. The choice is butter and/or sour cream and sometimes chives (细香葱).   Very often vegetables do not come automatically with the meal, and you have to pay extra for them.   "Scrod" (小鳕鱼), "red snapper" (啮龟) and "mahi hahi" are all name of fish. "Seafood"means lobster (龙虾), shellfish and fish, including,funnily enough, freshwater fish! Prawns (对虾) are known as "shrimp".   American beef is usually good and often wonderful.   American salt and pepper (糊椒粉) pots are confusing until you realize that the salt pot may look like a pepper pot except that the salt pot's holes are bigger. Pepper is normally black rather than white. American mustard (芥末) is mild and normally eaten with hot dogs or hamburgers rather than meat.   And that stuff in a dish that looks ice cream is actually whipped (搅拌过的) butter.   Leftovers 吃剩的食物   You have probably heard that in American restaurants, if you can't finish your meal, you can put the remains in a "doggy bag" and take them home. This is quite true. If you leave some meat, in particular, your waiter may ask you if you'd like him to put it into "a little bag", or you can ask him to do this。 /201003/100164

One of the most important habits in life is to feed your mind with positive mental food. Remember, you are very susceptible to the suggested influences in your environment, whether radio, television, newspapers, magazines, billboards or conversations with other people. Your mind is your most important and precious asset. You must protect it and keep it clean, clear and focused on what you want, rather than allowing it to be polluted by the negative influences around you.生活中最重要的习惯之一就是要经常为自己补充积极的精神食粮。要记住,你对周围的环境非常敏感,无论是收音机、报纸、电视、杂志、广告或与他人的对话,都会对你产生很大影响。你的心灵是你最重要和珍贵的资产,你必须尽力保护,维持其纯净清明。同时要专注于自己向往的事物,不受消极因素的影响。Refuse to watch terror or trash on television. Refuse to about all the murders, robberies, rapes and tragedies in the newspapers. Refuse to listen to endless hours of mindless radio commentary on all the problems in the modern world. Refuse to engage in endless conversations with people about all the political and social problems in your nation or community. Keep your mind clean, clear, positive and free.拒绝收看电视渲染的暴力和色情,拒绝阅读报纸上有关谋杀、抢劫、强奸的报道,拒绝收音机里滔滔不绝的无意义时事,拒绝参与对于政治和社会的无休止辩论。保持你的心灵纯净、清明、积极且自由自在。Not only do you become what you think about, but also you become what you feed into your mind on a regular basis. If you want to be positive, optimistic and happy, continually feed your mind with positive books and articles, positive audio learning programs, positive input and information from other experts in your field, and positive conversations with other optimistic goal-oriented people who are going somewhere with their lives.你是自己思想的产物,也是心灵食粮的产物。如果你希望自己积极、乐观、快乐,必须为自己补充“心灵维他命”,这包括积极的书籍和文章、积极的语音课程节目、专家的专业知识分享,或是经常与乐观的人沟通对话。 /201104/130285

摘要:在古代和中世纪,看见和听见闹鬼的说法十分流行。现代大多数人不信鬼魂之说,但仍对有关鬼魂的故事、小说和电影十分感兴趣,而且不肯夜间走过坟地或废弃的老房子。The ghost is supposed to be the spirit of a person who has died. Reports of seeing or hearing ghosts have been common throughout history — especially in ancient times and in the Middle Ages. Most modern people do not believe in ghosts, but they are interested in stories, books, films and plays about ghosts. And they prefer not to go into graveyards or deserted house at night. In most stories and reports about ghosts, the ghost resembles its living form. Many ghosts are transparent or shadowy. Some ghosts are pictured in long white robes.Many ghosts have the intention of doing harm or evil. But some ghosts are friendly. Ghosts with evil intention are usually the spirits of people who were murdered. They are believed to haunt the place where, in their real form, they died or were buried. Whole families may be visited by the ghost of a person that an early ancestor killed or injured, or even by the ghost of an ancestor. A ghost may try to reveal who murdered it — as in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet — or try to frighten the murderer — as in Shakespeare's Macbeth. A ghost haunts a place by screaming, groaning, making strange noises and causing doors, furniture, and other objects to move by themselves. In many stories and reports, a ghost returns from the dead without being called by anyone. In others, a medium(a person with special powers) calls the ghost back to earth. Ghosts are associated with darkness and night, so they usually end their visits by dawn, as the old saying goes, "Apparitions vanish at cock-crow." /200906/72869

  Zhang Hanyu wins best leading actor for Taiwan film awards  Chinese mainland actor Zhang Hanyu won the best leading actor gong Saturday in Taiwan at the Golden Horse Film Awards, seen as the "Chinese-language Oscars".   Zhang claimed the title with his performance in "The Assembly", beating action star Jet Li.   The 80-million-yuan (11.6 million U.S. dollar) mainland blockbuster tells a story about a soldier seeking recognition for comrades who died during the Chinese civil war between the Communist Party of China and the Kuomintang (KMT) Party.   "The Warlords", based on a Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) struggle of three blood brothers for a woman during a time of war and political upheaval, claimed the best picture prize, beating "The Assembly", "Orz Boy", "Ocean Flame", and Taiwan's romantic drama "Cape No. 7".   Peter Chan, director of the "The Warlords", claimed the best director title.   The island's box office hit "Cape No. 7", directed by Wei Te-sheng from Taiwan, got the Outstanding Taiwanese Film of the Year. Wei was named as the Outstanding Taiwanese Filmmaker of the Year.   Prudence Liew from Hong Kong claimed the best leading actress title with her performance in "True Women for Sale".   Ma Rulong was named as the Best Supporting Actor for his role in "Cape No. 7" and Mei Fang the Best Supporting Actress for her role in the "Orz Boy."   第45届台湾电影金马奖6日晚上在台中市颁奖。在电影《集结号》中扮演“谷子地”的大陆演员张涵予获得“最佳男主角”,著名作家刘恒也因该片获得“最佳改编剧本奖”。   香港电影在颁奖中后来居上,《投名状》击败《集结号》《海角七号》《囧男孩》和《一半海水一半火焰》,获得“最佳剧情片”,该片导演陈可辛荣获“最佳导演”;香港女演员刘美君则获得“最佳女主角”。   在台湾创下“票房神话”的本土影片《海角七号》与诸多大奖失之交臂,获得“年度台湾杰出影片”,该片导演魏德圣获得“年度台湾杰出电影工作者”。台湾资深演员马如龙、梅芳分别因在《海角七号》《囧男孩》中的精湛演技,获得“最佳男、女配角”。 /200812/58354

  We’ve talked about human attraction between men and women in the past here and here. Previous researchers argued that what women value depended on the type of relationship they were looking for. Women looking for long-term partners want someone who will be a good provider for them and their children, but women seeking short-term flings care more about masculinity and physical attractiveness, features that may be passed down to children.New research, however, has identified four categories of characteristics women seek in a partner:* Good genes, reflected in desirable physical traitsWomen look for attractiveness because it means the person has “good genes” (whether or not they actually do).* ResourcesWho doesn’t like a person with good resources — a home, money, a stable good-paying job — that can help provide for them and future children?* The desire to have children and good parenting skillsThis, of course, only applies to women who are actually looking to have children (or more children).* Loyalty and devotionNot much point in getting involved in a relationship if the person you’re interested in being involved with isn’t able to be loyal and committed to you.Most women attempt to secure the best combination of the qualities they desire from the same man. A small portion of women who do not find a partner with all the qualities may trade some characteristics for others.We don’t think any of this is rocket science or particularly new. Although women’s selectivity across categories reflected how attractive they appeared to other people, the researchers found the characteristics men desired in a partner did not vary based on their own physical attractiveness. 不管是过去还是现在,我们都谈论着关于男人和女人相互之间吸引的事。早先的研究者认为女性的价值观和她们所要寻找类型的关系有关。如果女性寻找的是长期的另一半,就会要求对方对她们和她们的孩子是一个很好的供给者;但假使女性寻求的只是短期的另一半,可能更关心男性的阳刚之气和外貌以及能够传递给下一代的特征。然而新研究已经确定了女性寻找另一半的四个特征分类:1.良好的基因,这反映在理想的身体特征因为这意味着该人已具备“良好的基因”,从而吸引着女性(不管他们是否真的具有)。2.资源谁会不喜欢和一个有丰富资源(良好的家庭,有钱,一个稳定高薪的工作),能够供给她们和未来的孩子所需的人呢?3.希望有子女和良好的为人父母的技巧当然,这仅适用于想要孩子的女性(或要更多的孩子)。4. 忠诚和奉献精神如果一个人不能够忠诚和承诺与你,很少会有人和他在一起。多数女性企图从同一个人身上获得最好的素质整合。有一小部分女性找不到另一半的上述特质,就会转而去寻求其他的特质。我们不认为这是一个突破性的特别新研究。尽管女性的选择是依据这四个分类来希望其他人来吸引她,但是研究者发现具有这些理想特征的男性并不十分在意他们自己身体的吸引力。 /200810/53683。

  Your happiness could be contagiousStudy shows friends and even strangers benefit from your cheery moodFeeling inexplicably cheery today? Thank your friends. And your friends’ friends. And your friends’ friends’ friends.New research shows that happiness isn’t just an individual phenomenon; we can catch happiness from friends and family members like an emotional virus. When just one person in a group becomes happy, researchers were able to measure a three-degree sp of that person’s cheer. In other words, our moods can brighten thanks to someone we haven’t even met.“Especially in the ed States, we’re very used to thinking of ourselves as rugged individuals. But even very small things that happen to us have big impacts on dozens and hundreds of other people,” says James Fowler, a University of California, San Diego, political scientist, who co-authored the study with Harvard University medical sociologist Nicholas Christakis. “The things that we do and the things that we feel are going to reverberate throughout our social network.”On average, every happy person in your social network increases your own chance of cheer by 9 percent — and the effects of catching someone else’s happiness lasts up to one year. The study, which looked at nearly 5,000 individuals over 20 years, was published online Thursday in the British Medical Journal.Fowler and Christakis were able to map the social networks of 4,739 individuals with data from the Framingham Heart Study, an ongoing cardiovascular study. Participants in that study listed contact information for their closest friends, family members and neighbors, connecting the pair of researchers to more than 50,000 social ties. Fowler and Christakis have used that data set for similar studies published in the last two years that showed how obesity and smoking cessation can sp throughout a social network. The researchers used the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Index — a standard set of questions psychologists use to measure happiness — to analyze the cheeriness of the study participants. They found that when someone gets happy, that person’s friend experiences a 25 percent increased chance of becoming happy. A friend of that friend experiences a nearly 10 percent chance of increased happiness, and a friend of that friend has a 5.6 percent increased chance of happiness.That means a stranger’s good mood can do more to lift your spirits than a ,000 raise, which only increased happiness 2 percent, Fowler and Christakis found.“Happiness is a social emotion. It's an emotion that we derive from social events, and very typically and it becomes important for cementing the social connections we have with others,” says Jack Dovidio, a Yale University social psychologist who was not involved in the study. “Happiness is not simply about me.”What’s more, all these happy people could be helping to keep each other healthy. Several recent medical studies have linked happiness and health, including a 2006 Carnegie Mellon University study that found buoyant personality types catch fewer colds than downers. And a 2001 University of Kentucky at Lexington study used the handwritten autobiographies of 180 Catholic nuns to judge the effect of happiness on longevity: The nuns who used more positive words to describe their lives lived about 10 years longer than those who used more negative words to describe their lives.“It does appear possibly to be a causal affect — that being happier actually makes you healthier,” Fowler says.But it seems you can’t catch happiness over the phone. Fowler and Christakis found that the increase in happiness only affects friends who live within a mile away from each other. “For emotions, it appears that distance is really important,” Fowler says. “Friends who are close have an affect; friends who are far away don’t. The less you’re in contact with somebody the less likely you are to catch their happiness.”The one-mile finding in the study is sure to sound odd to close friends who may live across town from each other. But Fowler says the key seems to be in how frequently you see your friends and those living closest saw each other the most often. (He says when they looked at the effect of happiness on friends who lived more than a mile apart, the results were too inconsistent to be anything more than chance.)Sadness isn't as catchingOn the flip side, if you’re feeling blue, you’ve only yourself to blame. Sadness doesn’t infect a social group as reliably happiness does, researchers found. Within some friendship networks, sadness had a significant effect on the members of the group, but on others, the effect was very small.“With sadness, rather than pulling you in to your social network you often push people away,” says Emory University psychologist Nadine Kaslow, who wasn’t involved in this study. “Even though we know social support is really good for us when we’re sad, when we need it the most, we tend to push people away.” It might be a matter of private, personal emotions versus those that are meant to be shared. Anger, for example, might be another outward emotion that would sp within a group the same way happiness does, suggests Dovidio.“When we are close to somebody, we actually have kind of a merging of our self image,” Dovidio says. And an infectious case of cheer can help cement connections within a group of friends, he adds, because it can re-affirm how close those relationships are.“People often get a sense of happiness, even though they don't know where it comes from; it's probably very likely to come from the happiness of other people,” Dovidio says. “If I can't locate where my happiness came from it's likely that it came from another person.”Once Fowler realized how far-reaching his own good cheer actually is, he has begun to make some changes to ensure he’s in a chipper mood more often. Lately, in the evenings on the drive home from work, just before pulling up to his house, he turns on a tune that’s almost too happy: Hoku’s “Perfect Day.” By the time he gets home, he has a giddy, goofy mood to match the pop song, and he hopes that his happiness will rub off on his two boys, 8-year-old Lucas and 6-year-old Jay.“I’m not just going to make my sons happy — I could potentially make my sons’ friends happy,” Fowler says. “These little things I thought I was doing for myself turn out to be for hundreds of people.” /200812/59760

  1. Discrimination in an employment situation职场歧视 /201107/1448971. Start each day with a kiss--I think this one is not that hard; on the contrary; it can be healthy and nice.用一个吻迎接新的一天。接吻如此简单,却能令人身心愉悦。2. Date once a week--May not as often as once a week, let's say every other week or that a date can be inside your home and that you don't have to go somewhere fancy to have it, you get the idea, right?一周约会一次。也不必非得一周一次,也可以两周一次。而且约会的地点可以在家中,不必非去什么特别的地方。你是不是明白了?有心就好。3. Accept differences--No one is perfect. However; healthy arguments are good for the relationship, hence; the most important thing would be learning how to compromise with one another.接受彼此的不同,因为人无完人。适度的争论可以增进双方的关系,但重要的是要在争论中懂得妥协。4. Be polite--Please, thank you, you are welcome… these are not only meant for strangers; your own spouse and family should come first and you must always use these phrases inside your home.多用礼貌用语。请、谢谢、不客气这些话不只要说给陌生人听,更要说给你的伴侣和家人听。在家里要记得多用这些客气话。5. Be gentle--a person is supposed to be the closest to his/her spouse, being gentle is crucial to keep them close enough.温柔一些——若想关系亲密,温柔是至关重要的。6. Give gifts--nice small gifts are appreciated every once in a while.给对方送礼物——偶尔送些甜蜜小礼物,就能令对方感激不尽。7. Touch--intimacy between married people is very important and touching is a means of communication that reflects closeness, connection and love; it is your way of keeping the spark alive.抚触——情侣间的抚触非常重要,它可以增进情感,传达爱意。它是情感交流的一种方式,它可以让爱的火花常燃不熄。8. Talk about dreams--dreams of the future that is; if you don't share your dreams with your spouse; then who?谈论梦想——说说对未来的憧憬。试想,若不和伴侣分享你的梦想,那么还能同谁讲呢?9. Select a song that can be "our song" —— this sounds like a cliché, but it can be nice, don't you think?选一首歌作为“你俩的歌”——听起来有点老套,但是不是很美妙?10. Laugh together--laughter is medicine. When you share good laughs together; the fun grows in the relationship and you grow closer and stronger every day.一起开怀大笑——笑是良药。当你俩一起开怀的时候,你们的关系也会伴随着笑声一天天地亲近和坚固起来。11. Send a card for no reason--another cliché? Maybe, but everyone likes to receive a nice "I love you" or "I miss you" notes every once in a while.没什么缘由地送张卡片——又很老套吗?不过谁不喜欢时不时地收到些“我爱你”,“我想你”之类的卡片呢?12. Listen--this could be the most important one ever, but note that you should listen with empathy and not just hear what they are saying; you should get involved.聆听——这非常重要,但注意聆听的时候你应该全情投入并参与其中,而不仅仅只是听到了对方说的话。13. Encourage--positive support and being there for one another is also very important; seek their support and give them yours and be generous!鼓励——彼此持是非常重要的。向对方寻求持并慷慨地给予对方持! /200812/59292Unfortunately, just before you take your first step on the righteous journey to pursue your dreams, people around you, even the ones who deeply care for you, will give you awful advice. It’s not because they have evil intentions. It’s because they don’t understand the big picture—what your dreams, passions, and life goals mean to you. They don’t understand that, to you, the reward is worth the risk.不幸的是,有些时候正当你要迈出你追逐梦想的第一步的时候,你身边的人,甚至是一位十分在乎你的人也许会给你一些糟糕的意见。其实不是因为他们对你有恶意,是因为他们不了解你的宏图——你的梦想,,人生目标对你来说的意义。他们不了解,对你来说,最好的奖励就是值得冒险的经历。So they try to protect you by shielding you from the possibility of failure, which, in effect, also shields you from the possibility of making your dreams a reality.所以他们试图想要保护你而减少你失败的可能性,实际上,他们也在减少你使梦想成真的可能性。As our friend Steve Jobs says:“Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma, which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice, heart and intuition. They somehow aly know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.”就像我们的朋友Steve Jobs(苹果公司CEO)说的:你的时间是有限的,不要浪费在别人身上,不要被教条主义束缚,也就是不要活在别人的思想下,不要让别人的意见影响你自己内心的声音,心灵,和直觉。他们怎么可能知道你本身在想什么,除了自己以外,其他的一切都是次要的。Here are ten ill-advised tips (lies) people will likely tell you when you decide to pursue your dreams and the reasons why they are dfully mistaken:这里有十条没脑筋的建议(谎话)和他们被误解的原因,这些都是当你决定要追逐你梦想的时候,人们最可能告诉你的。1. You can follow your dreams someday, but right now you need to buckle down and be responsible.你可以以后再去追逐你的梦想,但是现在你必须铆足劲并且负责任。Someday? When is ”someday”? “Someday” is not a day at all. It’s a foggy generalization of a time that will likely never come. Today is the only day guaranteed to you. Today is the only day you can begin to make a difference in your life. And pursuing your dreams is what life is all about. So don’t be irresponsible. Don’t wait until “someday.” Make today the first day of the rest of your new life.以后?以后是什么时候?“以后”根本就不是一天。它是一种笼统的时间概念,而且可能永远都不会出现。对你来说,今天才是你唯一需要保的一天。今天是唯一一天能让你的生活开始不一样。并且追逐梦想就像你的生活一样,所以不要对你的生活不负责任。不要等“以后”的到来。让今天成为你以后新生活的第一天。 /201012/121921

  美国《》杂志创刊于1953年。1953年12月《》杂志出版第一期,为月刊,主要面向广大男性读者。关于美国人的文化,我们专门向上海外教网的外教Ashley请教了以下问题:1、How widely is Playboy known is the U.S? 《》在美国有多流行?几乎所有的美国人都知道《》杂志,不论男女,它是一本月刊(Monthly)。2、Is Playboy a porn magazine? 《》杂志算色情杂志吗?Does Playboy contain lots of porn pictures and words? 《》杂志中是否充斥着许多色情的图片和文字?是的,我想《》应该算是色情杂志,其中有许多比较裸露的(naked)的图片。3、Is there any restriction for the sale of Playboy? (such as not to kids, etc.)销售《》是否有一些限制呢?(比如不允许卖给孩子等等。)是的,是有一些限制的,将《》卖给18岁以下的孩子在美国将被视为非法的。就像卖香烟一样,如果您看上去像个孩子,您会被要求出示您的身份(ID)以明您可以购买该杂志,否则您是无法买到的。当然也有一些小贩为了利益照样将《》卖给一些未成年人,这种现象在许多国家都存在。4、Is Playboy more expensive than any other magazines?《》要比其他的杂志贵一些吗?是的,《》显得要贵一些。美国大部分的月刊的内页在150-250,价格约2-3.5美元。5、 Is there another magazine in the US serving in the same way as Playboy? 在美国还有和《》类似的杂志吗?有的比如阁楼风情杂志。 /201002/96088Grooming and Personal Hygiene 美国人的仪容整洁与个人卫生 Grooming and personal hygiene have been around for ages. It's hard to imagine a time when people weren't concerned with taking care of their appearance and their bodies. Perhaps these practices started when Adam first took a bath and combed his hair before going on a date with Eve. Or maybe they began when Eve put on some herbal makeup to make herself more beautiful. No matter where they started, grooming and personal hygiene have become an important part of everyone's daily routine. 仪容整洁和个人卫生的讲究已经行之有年了。很难想象一个人们不在乎打理外表和身体清洁的时代。或许这些卫生习惯始于亚当第一次洗澡梳头去赴夏娃的约;也可能始于夏娃第一次搽上青草制的化妆品使自己更美丽。无论是从何时开始的,仪容整洁与个人卫生已经成为每个人生活例行事务中重要的一部份。 You might think that all modern societies would have the same grooming and personal hygiene practices. After all, doesn't everybody take baths? Most people do recognize the need for hygiene, which is the basis for cleanliness and health-and a good way to keep one's friends. Grooming practices include all the little things people do to make themselves look their best, such as combing their hair and putting on makeup. However, while most modern people agree that these things are important, people in different cultures take care of themselves in different ways. 你可能以为所有现代社会中的仪容整洁与卫生习惯都是一样的。毕竟,不是每一个人天天都要洗澡的吗?大部份人的确肯定卫生的必要性,它是清洁与健康的基础,也是维持友谊的好办法。仪容整洁的工作涵盖了所有可以使人看起来体面的琐碎小事,像是梳头和化妆。虽然大多数的现代人都同意这些事很重要,但不同文化背景的人打理自己的方法也不一样。 There used to be an old joke in America that people should take a bath once a week, whether they need one or not. In fact, though, Americans generally take a bath-or more commonly, a shower-every day. But in contrast to some cultures, most Americans get their shower in the morning, so they can start the day fresh. And instead of going to a beauty parlor for a shampoo, many Americans prefer to wash and style their own hair. So if Americans have a "bad hair day," they have no one to blame but themselves. But most people in America do head for the beauty parlor or barber shop occasionally for a haircut, a perm or just some friendly conversation. 以前在美国有一个老笑话,说不管人们需不需要,他们至少每个礼拜该洗一次澡。不过事实上,美国人每天会洗一次澡,或者更普遍的作法是每天淋浴一次。但是不同于某些文化习惯的是,美国人在清晨淋浴,以使他们展开清新的一天。而且美国人不上美容院去洗头,他们宁可自己洗头和整理发型。所以美国人如果有一天头发很丑,除了怪自己之外就没什么好抱怨的了。然而大部份的美国人偶尔会到美容院或理发厅去,剪头发、烫头发,或是去跟人聊聊天。 Americans are known for having very sensitive noses. In America, "B.O." (body odor) is socially unacceptable. For that reason, Americans consider the use of deodorant or anti-perspirant a must. Ladies often add a touch of perfume for an extra fresh scent. Men may splash on after-shave lotion or manly-smelling cologne. Another cultural no-no in America is bad breath. Americans don't like to smell what other people ate for lunch-especially onions or garlic. Their solution? Mouthwash, breath mints and even brushing their teeth after meals. 美国人的鼻子是出了名的灵。在美国,体臭在社交上是不被接受的。因此,美国人会认为使用除臭剂或止汗剂是必须的。女士们通常会再抹点香水以增加清香;男士则拍一些刮胡水或是男性古龙水在脸上。在美国文化里的另一项禁忌是口臭。美国人不喜欢闻别人午餐后留在口中的味道--尤其是洋葱或大蒜。他们怎么解决这问题呢?漱口、吃薄荷糖、甚至饭后刷牙。 Some of the cultural variations in grooming practices result from physical differences between races. Whereas many Asian men have little facial hair, Westerners have a lot. As a result, most American men spend some time each day shaving or grooming their facial hair. Beards and mustaches are common sights in America, although their popularity changes from generation to generation. Most American men who wear facial hair try to keep it nicely trimmed. American women, on the other hand, generally prefer not to be hairy at all. Many of them regularly shave their legs and armpits. 有些仪容整洁方面的文化差异是源自于种族间生理条件的不同。亚洲男性面部的胡髭长得并不多,但西方人却长得多,因此美国的男性每天得花些时间去刮除或整理他们的脸毛。在美国,男人在下巴部份或嘴唇上方留胡子是很普通的,不过不同时代胡子受欢迎的样式不相同。在美国大部份留胡子的男性都会试着将胡子修剪整齐,但另一方面,美国女性通常不喜欢毛茸茸的,很多人会定期地刮除腿部和腋下的毛。 Americans put great value on both grooming and personal hygiene. For some people, taking care of themselves has become almost a religion. As the old saying goes, "Cleanliness is next to godliness." Whether or not being clean and well-groomed brings one closer to God, it certainly brings one closer to others. Americans look down on people who don't take care of themselves, or who "let themselves go." To Americans, even if we don't have much to work with, we have to make the best of what we've got. 美国人非常看重仪容整洁与个人卫生。对某些人而言,打理自己几乎成了一种信仰,如一句古老的谚语说:清洁是仅次于圣洁第二重要的事。不管整齐清洁是不是能使人更接近上帝,但它的确能拉近与人的距离。美国人轻视那些不在乎打理自己或让自己随随便便就好的人。对美国人而言,就算我们没有非常好的先天条件,但至少该尽力将已有的好好发挥。 /200803/32738

  Keeping a busy social life amongst lots of friends may keep people slimmer than spending hours on a tmill, according to scientists. 科学家研究发现,与在跑步机上锻炼几个小时相比,跟朋友一起参加社交活动更有利于保持苗条身材。 They say that socialising and meeting with friends helps boost levels of 'brown fat' in the body which burns calories to generate heat. 研究人员表示,社交活动和朋友聚会能帮助提高体内“棕色脂肪”的含量,这种脂肪可以燃烧卡路里,产生热量。 Living in a stimulating, social environment was found to reduce abdominal fat in mice by half over four weeks, even if they ate more. 据发现,在兴奋的社交环境中生活的老鼠,四周后腹部脂肪减半,即使它们的食量增大。 US researchers say that social stimulation aids weight loss by converting white fat into brown. 美国研究者认为,社交兴奋感可以把“白色脂肪”转化为“棕色脂肪”,从而有助于减肥。 White stores calories and makes us fatter, while brown burns energy to generate heat. “白色脂肪”储存卡路里,使人们长胖,而“棕色脂肪”能够燃烧能量,产生热量。 Converting white fat into brown is notoriously difficult, normally requiring long term exposure to cold conditions or activating part of the body's nervous system. “白色脂肪”转化为“棕色脂肪”出奇困难,通常需要长期暴露在寒冷的环境中,或者激活人体部分神经紧张系统。 However, scientists from Ohio State University now think that having a busy social life is an even more effective way of changing white fat into brown. 但俄亥俄州立大学的科学家认为,繁忙的社交生活能更有效地促使“白色脂肪”转化为“棕色脂肪”。 The team came up with their theory by studying the effects of various living environments on mice. 研究小组通过研究不同的生活环境对小鼠的影响得出了这一理论。 Those who lived alongside a greater number of mice, had more space and toys to stimulate them lost far more weight over the course of the study than their 'couch potato' counterparts. 在研究期间,和那些总是呆着不动的小鼠相比,有更多伙伴、更大空间和更多玩具的实验鼠减肥效果更明显。 Study author Dr Matthew During, whose team's findings appear in journal Cell Metabolism said: I'm still amazed at the degree of fat loss that occurs. 研究报告作者马修迪兰士说:“能减掉这么多体重,我还是很吃惊。”研究报告发表在《细胞 代谢》期刊上。 Explaining how new technology had threatened face-to-face socialising, he added: 'It's not just a sedentary lifestyle and high calorie foods, but an increasing lack of social engagement.' 在解释新科技如何威胁到面对面的社交活动时,他补充说:“这不仅会导致人们更喜欢坐着不动,吃更多高卡路里食品,而且会使人们越来越疏于社交。” Co-author Dr Lei Cao said: 'Loneliness is a profound factor for cancer and death; it's on par with cigarette smoking. Social engagement is very important.' 合著者曹磊(音)士说:“孤独是导致癌症和死亡的深层因素,相当于吸烟。参加社交非常重要。”Vocabulary:tmill: 跑步机,踏车,也可以用来指单调乏味的工作,令人厌倦的工作couch potato: 是指长时间呆在沙发上看电视的一类人,电视迷,也称为“沙发土豆”sedentary: accustomed to sitting or to taking little exercise(久坐的,坐惯的)on par with: at the same level as someone or something(不相上下,不逊于) /201109/153118

  

  The research shows men who spend even a few minutes in the company of an attractive woman perform less well in tests designed to measure brain function than those who chat to someone they do not find attractive.一项研究表明,男性在与迷人的女性聊上几分钟后,在脑功能测试中的表现要逊色于那些仅和相貌平庸的女性聊过天的男人。Researchers who carried out the study, published in the Journal of Experimental and Social Psychology, think the reason may be that men use up so much of their brain function or "cognitive resources" trying to impress beautiful women, they have little left for other tasks. 研究结果发表在《实验与社会心理学期刊》上,研究人员认为也许是因为男性在想法设法吸引漂亮女性时,消耗了太多的脑功能或“认知资源”。The findings have implications for the performance of men who flirt with women in the workplace, or even exam results in mixed-sex schools.该发现或许可以有助于理解在工作场所与女性调情的男性的表现,或者甚至在男女混合学校的考试成绩。Women, however, were not affected by chatting to a handsome man.然而女人则不会因为和帅哥聊天而受到影响。This may be simply because men are programmed by evolution to think more about mating opportunities.这也许不过是因为男人在进化时就被设定为要为“交配机会”多操心一些。 Psychologists at Radboud University in The Netherlands carried out the study after one of them was so struck on impressing an attractive woman he had never met before, that he could not remember his address when she asked him where he lived.荷兰内梅亨大学的心理学家们作此研究缘起他们中的一位在与一个从未谋面的美女搭讪时遇到了麻烦,当她问起他住哪时,他居然忘记了自己的住址!Researchers said it was as if he was so keen to make an impression he "temporarily absorbed most of his cognitive resources".研究人员称,貌似他急于给美女留下深刻印象以至于“暂时性占用了他所有的认知资源”。 To see if other men were affected in the same way, they recruited 40 male heterosexual students.为了观察其他男性是否也会受这种因素影响,他们召集了40位异性恋的男学生。 Each one performed a standard memory test where they had to observe a stream of letters and say, as fast as possible, if each one was the same as the one before last.The volunteers then spent seven minutes chatting to male or female members of the research team before repeating the test.每位都进行了一个标准的记忆测试,他们必须在观察一串字母时尽快说出每个字母是否与之前的字母相同。随后每位测试者与研究团队中的男女成员聊上7分钟,再次进行同样的测试。The results showed men were slower and less accurate after trying to impress the women. The more they fancied them, the worse their score.结果显示男性们在企图给美女留下深刻印象后,反应速度和准确率都有所降低。所交谈的女性越吸引他们,他们的结果就越遭。 But when the task was repeated with a group of female volunteers, they did not get the same results. Memory scores stayed the same, whether they had chatted to a man or a woman.但当同样的测试在一组女性志愿者中进行时,并没有出现同样的结果,无论她们的交谈对象是男是女,结果都没有改变。In a report on their findings the researchers said: "We conclude men's cognitive functioning may temporarily decline after an interaction with an attractive woman."他们在研究报告中称:“我们得出的结论是在与美女交流后,男性的认知功能会暂时性的下降。”Psychologist Dr George Fieldman, a member of the British Psychological Society, said the findings reflect the fact that men are programmed to think about ways to pass on their genes.英国心理学会的心理学家Dr George Fieldman说研究结果反应出男性的天性便是设法传递他们的基因。 /200911/88187

  【中英文对照】又到了夏天,美白防晒又是爱美的职场人关注的话题之一了。很多朋友选防晒霜的时候会觉得SPF指数越高越好,那么实际情况是怎么样呢?一起来看看吧There are many misconceptions with sunscreen. You have those people who think that getting the highest SPF will protect them better than a lower SPF. Then, there are those who won't use sunscreen with a high SPF because they think they won't get a tan.对于防晒有不少误区。很多人总是认为高的SPF比低SPF能更好的防晒。还有一些人认为自己不会晒黑,所以根本不会使用高防晒指数的防晒霜。Here are the facts.然而事实并非如此。Higher SPF's aren't always necessary. You need to look at a couple of things when you are shopping for sunscreen. First, how light is your skin tone? Those with lighter skin will usually burn faster than those with darker or olive skin. If your skin starts to turn red fast, you'll want a higher SPF.高的防晒指数并非总是必需的。当你购买防晒霜时,你需要考虑以下几点。首先,你的肤色如何?亮色皮肤总比暗色或橄榄色肌肤的人容易晒伤。如果你的肌肤很容易变红,那你需要高防晒指数的防晒霜。But what does the SPF rating really mean?但是防晒指数等级到底指的是什么呢? /200906/73463

  夏天快要结束了,它的结束就意味着你的好心情也要结束?诚然,那些慵懒的假期快要结束了,但季节的变换也会带来很多的期待,这里有一些建议使你适应新的季节的来到。1. Snapshot of summerCuring yourself of the summer blues doesn’t mean you have to get rid of your summer memories. Put your favorite picture from this summer in a frame, set summer photos as the screensaver on your computer, or create a summer scrapbook. Not only will this make the transition easier, but it will also be a nice keepsake to look back on.夏天的拍照治愈你的夏日忧伤并不是说你就得摆脱夏天的记忆,把你喜欢的夏天照片摆上书桌,或者设置成你的电脑屏保,还可以制作相册簿。这不仅使你更好的应对季节的变换,更是你回忆夏天时的纪念品。 /201108/149471

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