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丽江市黄缘盒亚洲巨龟加拉巴哥象龟锯缘龟缅甸陆龟黄头庙龟价格怎么养国际信息

2020年02月23日 18:01:54 | 作者:放心新闻 | 来源:新华社
Say the words ;banker pay; to your average voter or politician and these days you will hear an angry hiss. After all, nothing stirs up so much resentment against modern capitalism as the sight of financiers still reaping fat rewards despite failing institutions. On Sunday, the public outrage at Stephen Hesters bonus persuaded the Royal Bank of Scotland chief executive to turn down a pay award (pound;1m) that would be considered miserly by other bank bosses in the UK and the US.如今若与普通选民或政客谈;家的薪酬;,你总能听到愤怒的嘘声。毕竟,没有什么比看到金融家们在金融机构濒临倒闭时仍能拿到丰厚的薪酬更能激起人们对现代资本主义的憎恨了。上周日,苏格兰皇家(RBS)行政总裁斯蒂bull;赫斯Stephen Hester)在公愤的压力之下,决定放弃一00万英镑的奖金;;尽管在其他英美的老板看来,这笔奖金简直少得可怜However, is it possible to imagine a world where banking pay ; and banking ; is radically slimmed down? Anybody living in countries such as Japan or Sweden would undoubtedly say ;yes;; in those economies, foreign financiers salaries appear bloated. But perhaps a more interesting ; and relevant ; intellectual exercise is to peer at the US through a long historical lens; to imagine, if you like, a banking pay version of Back to the Future. 然而,我们能够想象一个业薪酬和业规模大幅缩水的世界吗?日本或瑞典等国的居民无疑会给出肯定的回答;在那些经济体的居民看来,外国金融家的薪酬实属虚高。不过,一个更有意思、也更有意义的思考或许是,在较长的时间尺度上对美国的情况进行审视。如果你愿意的话,可以把它看作一;业薪酬版;的《回到未来Back to the Future)。Take a look, for example, at the work by Thomas Philippon and Ariell Reshef, two US-based economists. They have researched trends in banker pay over the past 150 years and found that, in the early 20th century, financial sector pay relative to the rest of the private sector was roughly at parity (for, crucially, employees with similar levels of education). But then it rose sharply until it hit 1.7 times in 1929, the year of the Wall Street crash.例如,我们可以读一下两位现居美国的经济学家托马bull;菲利Thomas Philippon)和阿里尔bull;雷谢Ariell Reshef)的著作。他们对过去150年家薪酬变化的趋势进行了研究,结果发现:0世纪初,金融业和私营部门其他行业付给具有相似教育程度(这一点很关键)的员工的薪酬大体相当。但接下来,金融业薪酬就大幅上升,到华尔街崩盘的1929年,达到了其他行业的1.7倍That echoed a bigger increase in finance: the total cost of financial intermediation (all wages and profits paid to financial firms) had reached 6 per cent in 1930, up from just 2 per cent in 1870, according to separate research that Mr Philippon recently showed to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.这一上升与金融领域一项幅度更大的上升相呼应:菲利蓬最近提交给纽约联储(Federal Reserve Bank of New York)的另一份研究报告显示,金融中介的总成本(付给金融机构的全部薪酬和利润)870年仅%,在1930年则上升到了6%After the 1929 crash, this trend did not immediately reverse: for several years, financial pay remained high because pay in other parts of the economy fell and some bankers traded cannily during and after the crash. However, in the late 1930s the ratio slumped back towards parity and stayed there for the subsequent three decades; in the years following the second world war, American bankers were paid roughly the same as other professionals. But from the the late 1970s onwards, a new cycle turned: the total cost of financial intermediation jumped to 9 per cent in 2010 from 4 per cent in 1950. The ratio of financial sector pay to pay in the rest of the private sector hit 1.7 times in 2006 ndash; in a delicious irony, the same level as in 1929.1929年崩盘后,这个趋势并未立即扭转,随后的若干年里,金融业薪酬仍然很高。这是因为,美国经济其他领域的薪酬都已下降,而且在崩盘期间和之后,一些家做的交易很精明。但0世纪30年代末,金融业与其他行业薪酬之比又回落至1:1附近,并在之后的30年里维持在这一水平;二战结束后的几年里,美国家薪酬与其他专业人士大致相当。但20世纪70年代末以来,我们又迎来了一个新的周期:金融中介总成本从1950年的4%跃升010年的9%;金融业薪酬006年达到了私营部门其他行业薪酬.7;;颇有讽刺意味的是,这个水平与1929年相同It is a matter of fierce dispute why banker pay swelled. Financiers are apt to blame it on the increased importance and complexity of finance: in a world of technological change and globalisation, so the argument goes, you need bright, highly skilled bankers. Many economists such as Mr Philippon, however, reject that. He reckons at least half of the pay jump represents ;rent seeking; (skimming off fees), not innovation. ;The technological development of the past 40 years (with IT in particular) should have disproportionately increased efficiency,; he observes, noting that in companies such as Walmart, ;efficiency; has reduced wages.人们就家薪酬大幅上升的原因展开了激烈的争论。金融家们倾向于将薪酬激增归因于金融业的重要性和复杂性提高了。他们论道,一个以技术变革和全球化为特点的世界,需要聪明、技能高超的家。但许多经济学家,例如菲利蓬,却不认同这种观点。菲利蓬认为,至少有一半的薪酬上升反映的是;寻租;(即攫取费用),而不是创新。他说:;过去40年中的技术发展(尤其是IT领域的发展),应当已经在很大程度上提高了效率;他指出,在沃尔玛(Walmart)等企业,;效率;压低了工资水平The crucial question, though, is whether history might repeat itself and produce a big pay swing, as in the post-war years. Right now, it seems hard to imagine; after all, the experience of the past few decades has made it seem almost normal for bankers to be highly paid.但关键问题是,历史会不会重演,会不会像战后的若干年那样再次出现大幅的薪酬波动。就目前而言,这一点似乎还难以想象;毕竟,过去几十年的经验说明,家拿高薪几乎是再正常不过的事情。But as this years bonus round comes to an end, there are some hints of change. The sector is shrinking: an estimated 60,000 jobs were cut last year. Staff are being paid in stock deferred over a longer time, and pay appears to be falling. Morgan Stanley, for example, has declared plans to cap the amount of bonus that its staff can receive immediately at 5,000; Goldman Sachs has announced that it is cutting 2011 compensation by 21 per cent; JPMorgan Chase has cut the total pay pool for its investment bankers by 36 per cent year on year. Indeed, the consensus among bank executives in Davos last week was that total compensation for mid ; to senior ; level employees in 2011 was about 30 per cent lower than 2010 ndash; and perhaps 60 per cent below the 2007 peak. ;There is a big change now,; claims one Wall Street CEO.不过,随着本年度发放奖金的周期接近尾声,我们已经看到了一些变化的迹象。业规模正在缩小,去年大约削减了6万个工作岗位。开始以锁定期更久的股票来付员工薪酬,与此同时,薪酬似乎正在下降。例如,根士丹Morgan Stanley)已宣布计划将员工可立即拿到的奖金上限设为12.5万美元;高盛(Goldman Sachs)则宣布会011年度的薪酬削1%;根大JPMorgan Chase)也把投行业务的总薪酬池同比削减6%。事实上,业高管上周在达沃斯形成的共识是011年度中高级员工的薪酬010年大约降低了30%,与2007年的峰值相比可能降低了60%。一位华尔街机构的首席执行官称:;现在局面发生了巨大的变化;Now, this decline is still far too small to pacify critics. And it remains tough to calculate the precise squeeze, since banks pay their employees in different ways and ; crucially ; many financiers are leaving regulated banks for work in shadow banks, where pay is even more opaque. 就目前而言,这样的降幅还过于微小,不足以平息批评意见。而且,因为向员工付薪酬的方式多种多样,更关键的是,许多金融家正在脱离受监管的业,转投薪酬更不透明的影子,所以,计算准确的薪酬降幅仍然十分困难But, what is clear is that the squeeze almost certainly has further to go, as regulation bites, deleveraging takes hold and western economies ail. Sadly, it probably will not take the pay ratio to 1950s levels; technology now enables financiers to hop across borders and around rules, skimming fees in opaque ways. But ; just as 70 years ago ; a cycle has turned; albeit slowly. By 2017, bank pay could look very different from 2007; and modern capitalism will look all the better for it.但显而易见的是,随着监管效果开始显现、去杠杆化持续进行、西方经济陷入困境,金融家薪酬缩水的幅度肯定还会加大。遗憾的是,金融业与其他行业的薪酬比率多半不会降0世纪50年代的水平;如今,金融家们凭借技术手段可以跨越国界、规避法规,以不透明的方式收取费用。不过,正如70年前那样,一个新的周期已经到;;尽管运行得有些缓慢。到2017年,业薪酬可能会007年相去甚远,而现代资本主义的状况却会因此好很多译王柯 /201202/170395A pair of sport shoes一双运动鞋Can I help you?我能帮您忙吗?Yes, I want a pair of sport shoes. Jordan.是的,我想要双乔丹牌运动鞋What size do you want?多大号的?Size 1.1码Here you are.给您They fit me. Can you make it a little cheaper?正合适能便宜点吗?It aly on sale now.已经是促销价了 5318Take a picture照相Excuse me, would you please do me a favor?打扰一下,能帮我个忙吗?With pleasure.非常乐意I appreciate the building so much.我非常喜欢这栋建筑物I am wondering if you could take a picture of me against the building.我想你是不是可以帮我以这建筑物为背景照张相No problem.没问题 9018

Googling Over Baidu's ProblemsWhen your biggest rival looks set to leave a market you aly dominate, it must be good news.Investors in Baidu, China's leading internet search engine certainly seem to think so: its shares have jumped 21.5% in the week since Google said it's considering leaving China, no longer willing to accept Beijing's strictures on search results.In fact, Baidu's seeing enough problems of its own to suggest investors' ebullience about its prospects is overdone, even if Google's potential retreat comes at an opportune moment.Aly this month, the company has lost two senior executives, the latest being its chief technology officer. This as Baidu struggles with a change to its advertising system which, it has aly forecast, will see it leave ten percentage points of potential revenue growth on the table, in the fourth quarter from the previous three months.Its share of the Internet search engine market in China has been in decline too, as Google made ground. Baidu's share of market revenues fell to 58.4% in the last quarter of , research firm Analysys estimates: still strong, but Baidu's lowest share for two and a half years.Certainly, all of these worries could be offset by Google's departure from China. Even those who don't expect Baidu to gain all of Google's market share expect a positive impact. Credit Suisse says Baidu may only take a third of Google's lost revenues -- but that would put its market share near 70%, an enviable position in a country now boasting nearly 400 million internet users.But with its shares aly trading at over 70 times expected earnings -- three times the valuation seen a year ago -- there certainly will be better times to buy into Baidu, especially given the potential for more negative news in the short-term.The problems with Baidu's advertising sales, for example, are likely to cloud the earnings outlook in 2010's first quarter. Nor should it be forgotten that the Google situation will take some time to reach a clear resolution.It may be the case that Baidu's current problems prove temporary, leaving it the main beneficiary of the Google fallout. But in the Chinese Internet scene, nothing's a given right now. /201001/95036

Evening Gown购买晚礼What the latest fashion of evening gown?时下最流行哪种晚礼?The one on the manikin is in fashion now.模特身上的那件I would like to try on one in violet.我想试一下紫色的OK.here you are. You look really attractive in that gown.好的,给您您穿上这件晚礼简直太迷人了Thank you. Do you have some other colors?谢谢,你有其他颜色的吗? 035

Restaurant进入饭店Good evening,welcome to Rainbow Restaurant.May I take your coat,please?晚上好,欢迎光临虹饭店,我能为您拿大衣吗?Yes.thank you so much.非常感谢Have you booked aly?你们预订了吗?Yes.my table is 7 and it near the window.是的,我订了张靠窗户的7人桌OK,sir.I will show you your table.好的,先生我带你们过去 1856

Key Sentences(重点句子)8. Leisure Travel Agency. May I help you?这里是休闲旅行社要我帮忙吗?8. Id like to make a plane reservation to Shanghai,China.我想预定一个去中国上海的机位8. Let me see what a vailable…yes,Air China has a flight on March th at 7∶30 in the evening.让我看看有什么班机……有了,中国航空公司在3月日晚上7点半有一班飞机8. Ill need an economy ticket.我需要一张经济舱的机票8. One way trip or round trip?单程还是来回?8. What the fare please?请问票价是多少?8. Economy fare one way trip from New York to Shanghai is $800.从纽约到上海的经济舱单程票价是800美元8. Is my ticket confirmed then?那我的机票确认了吗?8. Please arrive at the airport one hour bee departure.请在起飞前一小时到达机场8. May I have your flight number,please?请问您的航班号码?8. My flight number is 3 leaving JFK Airport at ∶00in the morning on July .我的航班号码是3,7月日上午点,从JFK机场出发8. Youre flying economy class. Is that correct?您乘坐的是经济舱,对吗?8. Enjoy your flight.祝您旅途愉快8. Id like to reserve a flight to Tokyo the first of October.我想预订月1日飞往东京的航班818. How do you want fly coach or first class?您要订二等票还是一等票?819. Is there any difference in price?票价有什么不同?8. We have several flights from New York to Los Angeleson October1.月1日,我们有好几个由纽约飞往洛杉矶的班机81. When do I have to check in?何时登记办理乘机手续?8. You have to be there ty-five or an hour bee the departure.您必须在出发前5分钟或1小时到机场83. Do I have to confirm my plane reservation?我必须确认我预定的机票吗?

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