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2020年02月26日 09:05:02 | 作者:健养生 | 来源:新华社
Scientists’Path to Bliss 科学家的幸福之路Each of us seeks our own path to bliss. In accepting the Nobel Prize from the Swedish King in 1980, I said that I had been doubly blessed. in addition to3 receiving the recognition and distinction represented by the Nobel Prize, the research itself had given me indescribable pleasure, the ultimate high, that comes from discovery, the breaking of new ground, the entering into areas where man has not been bee. This kind of bliss is not uniquely available to scientists only. Literature, music, art, even business, offers comparable rewards. It is there all who venture5 beyond the realm of accepted knowledge and experience. Such adventures are challenging and demanding but well worth the eft.我们每个人都在寻求自己的幸福之路1980年,我从瑞典国王那里接受诺贝尔奖时曾说过:我是获得了双重幸福的人除了诺贝尔奖给我的认可和名望外,研究工作本身也给了我难以描述的欢乐--新的发现、开创新的天地和进入无人涉足过的新领域,都使我感到无比地激动和愉悦这种幸福不仅只有科学家能够得到,从事文学、音乐、艺术甚至商业的创造性工作,也都可能获得类似的回报每一个愿意在已有的知识和经验之外的新领域里冒险的人,都有可能获得这种幸福这种冒险极富挑战性,而且需要殚精竭虑,但非常值得为之一搏 me, the adventure began as a young boy in secondary school. There, I and a group of very bright classmates were denied the easy route to learning. The wide range of questions we directed at our teachers were rarely met with6 direct answers. Instead, our teachers encouraged us to find the answers ourselves by steering7 us to books that held the answers, and most often to more than we had expected. Frequently, our teachers suggested ways to find the answers by searching the reference books that were available in libraries or by actual experimentation. As we progressed to high school, the teachers encouraged us to ask questions that went beyond our and their knowledge and experience, and to speculate on8 matters we could not find answers to. Later, as a member of an after-school science club, I was challenged to solve problems about the natural world by experimentation, initially by repeating aly known experiments but later by being required to design new ways to solve the puzzles I had raised. All the while, originality of thought was prized above all. Perhaps it was those early experiences that sharpened my appetite exploring the unknown and seeking solutions.对于我来说,这种冒险开始于青少年时代上中学的时候在学校里,我和一批非常聪明的同学学习并不轻松我们向老师提出各种各样的问题,但老师很少给予我们直接的回答,而是鼓励我们到有关的书籍中去自己寻找,往往收获要比我们预料的还要多老师还经常教我们通过到图书馆查阅参考书或做实验的方法寻求升入高中后,老师鼓励我们提出超越我们和他们知识和经验以外的问题,思考那些我们找不到的问题后来,我成为课外科学俱乐部的成员,这里要求我通过实验解决某些有关自然界的问题开始是重复已经做过的实验,随后就要求我设计新的实验方法来解决我自己提出的难题这是极富挑战性的在任何时候,创新思维都是最宝贵的也许正是这些早年的经历,激发了我探索未知世界并寻求的欲望Looking back on that period, I realize now that encouraging young people to discover themselves the answers they seek is not the easiest way to learn but it is the most rewarding. Developing curiosity and the instinct seeking creative solutions are perhaps the most important contributions education can make. With time, many facts we are asked to learn will be gotten, but we are less likely to lose our ability to question and discover. Schools everywhere would do well to heed9 that lesson. And students everywhere must accept the responsibility that such an educational system places on them. 回想那段时间,我认识到:鼓励青年人自己去寻找他们追求的,不是最轻松的学习方法,但却是回报最丰厚的学习方法开发学生寻求创造性解决方法的本能和好奇心,或许是教育能做出的最重要的贡献随着时间的推移,学过的许多东西将会忘记,但是我们提出问题和找出的能力却不会丧失任何地方的学校都应当认真汲取这个经验,而学生应接受这种教育制度赋予他们的职责 838My mother is a kind and gentle woman. She is very busy from morning till night. As a teacher she works diligently and efficiently. As Mother, she takes good care of us and gives us every comt. I have an elder brother. He and I both love her dearly, as she loves us. My mother has been teaching maths at a middle school in my home town. She goes to the school early in the morning and does not return home until late in the afternoon. She loves her students and cares them. She treats them with patience and teaches them well. her excellent qualities and very good teaching results, she is always praised and respected by both her students and colleagues alike. And she has been chosen or elected as a model teacher several times. My mother is a thrifty and industrious woman. She never buys expensive or fancy dresses herself; she goes occasionally to buy some inexpensive and high-quality clothes us. She never goes to luxurious restaurants to enjoy expensive meals. She merely eats a humble meal outside when she is too busy. She lives a busy yet simple life, without any complaints. As soon as she comes back from school, she sets about doing housework sweeping the living room and bedreooms or cleaning the furniture, and putting everything in good order. Besides, she prepares nice dishes us to eat. She seems to be on the go all the time. As she has been very busy working hard every day, she looks older than she really is. Her face is wrinkled, and her hair has turned silver white. But she looks as cheerful and happy as ever. Often she says to us, "Work while you work, and play while you play. That is the way to be happy and gay. If you do not work, you will become lazy and of no use to society." What a piece of good advice this is! I never get it and always bear it in my mind. This advice of hers will always serve as a guide to my action. My mother is great indeed, and I always feel proud of her. 19A Car Accident 车祸 -01-6 3:8:5 来源: Lucy : It was a red light, William. You should've stopped the car. William : Sorry. I didn't see it. Lucy : I told you not to drink so much. Your breath reeks of alcohol. We'll get into trouble if we run into a policeman....Slow down a bit. William : I'm only going 60 mph. (They see a dog right in the middle of the road.) Lucy : Look out!..(William swerves to avoid the dog and almost hits a car coming the opposite way. That car happens to be a police car.)....Oh, no! William : That damn stray dog! Policeman : OK, buddy, your driving licence. William : Here!....Listen to me, officer, it wasn't my fault. It was that dog. Policeman : What dog? I didn't see any dogs. Lucy : It's true, officer. There was a dog in our lane. If it wasn't the dog, we wouldn't have almost hit you. Policeman : You could have braked, couldn't you? How fast were you going? William : Well it was about 50 mph or less. I was driving very slow. Policeman : 50 mph? Don't you know the speed limit downtown is 0 mph?.... All right. That'll be one hundred dollars. William : Wait a second! What do you mean "one hundred dollars"? Policeman : The fine. It's one hundred dollars. Speeding and driving under the influence of alcohol. You can't fool me with that smell of alcohol in your breath. Vocabulary 注释 1. To reek of 充满(不好闻)的味道 . mph “Miles per hour”时速 3. alcohol 酒精、酒 William Lucy That driving

Finish Each DayFinish each day and be done with it. You have done what you could.Some blunders and absurdities no doubt crept in; get them as soon as you can.Tomorrow is a new day; Begin it well and serenely,And with too high a spirit to be encumbered with your old nonsense.Bee YouBee you Speak... ListenBee you Write... ThinkBee you Spend... EarnBee you Criticise... WaitBee you Pray... giveBee you Quit... Try

在美国Chinglish闹出的笑话 -01-7 ::55 来源: 大学里曾经与美国一所大学的学生联欢,大家谈笑甚欢,意犹未尽,便邀请美国学生到我们的宿舍玩走到半路,其中一个美国女孩问,“Where is the bathroom?”我好不纳闷,她怎么会关心我们的浴室在哪儿啊?我如实指给她看女孩接着表达想进去我忙告诉她,“Sorry,our bathroom is closed我们的浴室关了”这回轮到女孩纳闷地摇头一路说笑到了宿舍,女孩又问,“where is your bathroom?”怎么又问啊?看到我一头雾水的样子,女孩说,水喝多了,想去回应“call of nature”(自然的呼唤)我这才恍然大悟原来她想去洗手间事后仔细查书,bathroom不仅有浴室的意思,更多时候是指洗手间可是,在一些简化的字典里,迄今,也只有浴室的解释这则还算是笑话,另一件可就没有这么幽默了当时我和几个朋友在美国一家酒店乘电梯梯门一开,涌进三个美国大男孩其中一位,对着我的一个女同伴,问到“Are you working?”这个刚到美国不久的女孩回答,“Yes,but I am on holiday now是的,不过我现在假期”三个大男孩一脸坏笑,样子很是暧昧搞得我们莫名其妙同行的师,却脸色阴沉,一副欲说又止的样子事后,她告诉我们,“Are you working?”在美国是一句招妓俚语我们当时都以为他在问,“你在上班吗?”真是可恶! 笑话 我们 女孩 bathroom

Roll Away the StoneI enjoy life because I am endlessly interested in people and their growth. My interest leads me to widen my knowledge of people, and this in turn compels me to believe in the common goodness of mankind. I believe that the normal human heart is born good. That is, it’s born sensitive and feeling, eager to be approved and to approve, hungry simple happiness and the chance to live. It neither wishes to be killed, nor to kill. If through circumstances, it is overcome by evil, it never becomes entirely evil. There remain in it elements of good, however recessive, which continue to hold the possibility of restoration. I believe in human beings, but my faith is without sentimentality. I know that in environments of uncertainty, fear, and hunger, the human being is dwarfed and shaped without his being aware of it, just as the plant struggling under a stone does not know its own condition. Only when the stone is removed can it spring up freely into the light. But the power to spring up is inherent, and only death puts an end to it. I feel no need any other faith than my faith in human beings. Life Confucius of old, I am absorbed in the wonder of earth, and the life upon it, and I cannot think of heaven and the angels. I have enough this life. If there is no other life, than this one has been enough to make it worth being born, myself a human being. With so profound a faith in the human heart and its power to grow toward the light, I find here reason and cause enough hope and confidence in the future of mankind. The common sense of people will surely prove to them someday that mutual support and cooperation are only sensible the security and happiness of all. Such faith keeps me continually y and purposeful with energy to do what one person can towards shaping the environment in which the human being can grow with freedom. This environment, I believe, is based upon the necessity security and friendship. I take heart in a promising fact that the world contains food supplies sufficient the entire earth population. Our knowledge of medical science is aly sufficient to improve the health of the whole human race. Our resources and education, if administered on a world scale, can lift the intelligence of the race. All that remains is to discover how to administer upon a world scale, the benefits which some of us aly have. In other words, to return to my simile, the stone must be rolled away. This too can be done, as a sufficient number of human beings come to have faith in themselves and in each other. Not all will have such faith at the same moment, but there is a growing number who have the faith. Half a century ago, no one had thought of world food, world health, world education. Many are thinking today of these things. In the midst of possible world war, of wholesale destruction, I find my only question this are there enough people now who believe? Is there time enough left the wise to act? It is a contest between ignorance and death, or wisdom and life. My faith in humanity stands firm. 636

每个人迟早都会在一些人生重大事情上遇到挫折——无论它是工作、梦想,还是一份感情我相信,被法学院开除使我成了一名更好的法官它确实教我认识了人性的弱点,体会到给予人们第二次机会的必要性但失败也使我懂得,人生之路充满了未知的变数,要充分利用这些变数,你就不能让自己被一次挫折击垮,也不能让别人束缚你的手脚The Day I Flunked out of Law School The dean of the University of Colorado School of Law decided that I couldn’t return to classes next fall because my grades were too low. He said I would never make a lawyer.Even today words cannot describe my upset. I’d never really failed at anything significant.After all, the University of Colorado at Boulder was a Taj Mahal—the door to judicial clerkships and prestigious law firms.But I decided to try again and went to see Clifd Mills, the dean of Westminster College of Law—a poor man’s school with no tenured professors or law review.After ing my college transcript, Dean Mills let me enroll at Westminster, on one condition, that I repeat all my first-year classes, this time paying attention.“I’ll be looking over your shoulder,” he said.One door had closed. But others opened.Given a second chance, I worked much harder, becoming fascinated by the law of evidence.In my second year the professor who taught the course passed away. I was asked to take over—inconceivable at a law school like Boulder.Evidence became a lifelong specialty, and many years I taught classes on the subject judges, law students and practicing lawyers throughout the country. Meanwhile I worked days in the Denver City Attorney’s office as a clerk. It was anything but glamorous. But it led to a job as an assistant city attorney after graduation. I became a county judge at age , one of Denver’s youngest.Later I was elected as a district judge, and then appointed by the President to the federal judiciary as a U.S. district judge.And, ultimately, I did return to Boulder—to receive the University of Colorado’s George Norlin Award, and an honorary doctorate of law.Sooner or later everyone will fall short at something important to them—whether it be a job, a dream or a relationship.Flunking out of law school, I believe, made me a better judge, it certainly taught me about the frailties of the human condition, and about the need to give people second chances. But failure also taught me that life is a road with unpredictable ks and unexpected tomorrows.To take advantage of them, you can’t let yourself be destroyed by a defeat, or let others set the limits on your ability to achieve. 186

成功是令人厌烦的成功只是明你能够做你已经知道自己会做的事情,或是第一次就能正确地做某件事情,而这通常是一次有问题的成功第一次的成功通常都是侥幸的成功,相反的,第一次的失败恰恰是值得期待的这是事物的自然法则Last week, my granddaughter started kindergarten, and, as is conventional, I wished her success. I was lying. What I actually wish her is failure. I believe in the power of failure.Success is boring. Success is proving that you can do something that you aly know you can do, or doing something correctly the first time, which can often be a problematical victory. First-time success is usually a fluke. First-time failure, by contrast, is expected; it is the natural order of things.Failure is how we learn. I have been told of an African phrase describing a good cook as "she who has broken many pots." If you've spent enough time in the kitchen to have broken a lot of pots, probably you know a fair amount about cooking. I once had a late dinner with a group of chefs, and they spent time comparing knife wounds and burn scars. They knew how much credibility their failures gave them.I earn my living by writing a daily newspaper column. Each week I am aware that one column is going to be the worst column of the week. I don't set out to write it; I try my best every day. Still, every week, one column is inferior to the others, sometimes spectacularly so.I have learned to cherish that column. A successful column usually means that I am ting on familiar ground, going with the tricks that work, preaching to the choir or dressing up popular sentiments in fancy words. Often in my inferior columns, I am trying to pull off something I've never done bee, something I'm not even sure can be done.My younger daughter is a trapeze artist. She spent three years putting together an act. She did it successfully years with the Cirque du Soleil. There was no reason her to change the act—but she did anyway. She said she was no longer learning anything new and she was bored; and if she was bored, there was no point in subjecting her body to all that stress. So she changed the act. She risked failure and profound public embarrassment in order to feed her soul. And if she can do that feet in the air, we all should be able to do it.My granddaughter is a perfectionist, probably too much of one. She will feel her failures, and I will want to comt her. But I will also, I hope, remind her of what she learned, and how she can do whatever it is better next time. I probably won't tell her that failure is a good thing, because that's not a lesson you can learn when you're five. I hope I can tell her, though, that it's not the end of the world. Indeed, with luck, it is the beginning.  5697

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