楼主:城市资讯 时间:2019年09月24日 03:32:47 点击:0 回复:0
Surely the first thing that happened in the change to a modern kind of diet饮食方式向现代化的转变 最初肯定是这样的was when people controlled fire人们学会了控制火源and then probably just accidentally dropped food in it.然后很可能是无意间 将食物掉进火里And then theyd have tried that food接着 他们尝了尝火烧过的食物and theyd have found it was delicious.发现它们美味可口That set us off on a whole new direction,从此人类有了新的进化方向because the acquisition of cooking因为如果说学会烹饪was probably the most important increase有可能是人类历史上in the quality of diet in the history of life,饮食质量最重要的提高but certainly in the history of human evolution.那在人类进化史上 这点毋庸置疑Many scientists do not agree that cooking许多科学家都认为烹饪could have been the cause of such a dramatic step.不可能带来如此引人注目的飞跃They think that the ability to adapt to new environments他们认为适应新环境and to interact successfully with those around them以及与环境和谐共存的能力are also important influences.也都是重要的影响因素One of the major ideas is他们的主要观点之一就是that we evolved our large, complex brains我们进化出大而复杂的大脑to cope with our social environment.以适应社会环境的变化What we find in primate societies在灵长类动物社群中 我们发现is not necessarily the biggest, strongest individuals最高大 最强壮的个体which have the highest reproductive success,不一定是最高产的its often the cleverest -但常是最聪明的those that can manipulate others, form coalitions它们能够操纵其他同类 建立联盟and get themselves into a higher position of social standing.以提高自己的社会地位201505/374363栏目简介:《跟jade老师学英语》是英语视频听力下面的子栏目,来之英伦的美女老师jade,一口纯正的伦敦腔,听上去就是一种享受,最重要的是妈妈再也不用担心我看不懂权利的游戏了。通过视频讲解,英语学习爱好者能够更好地理解英语知识内容,培养英语学习的兴趣,是提高英语水平的好伙伴。201509/400290栏目简介:《趣味科普英语视频》有着浓厚的趣味性,能够增加英语学习爱好者对英语科普知识的兴趣,从而更加开心快乐地学习英语知识,建立起英语学习的基础,为以后学习更多的英语知识奠基,快来边看视频边涨姿势吧!201510/402495You may not recognize it, but this is our planet.你也许不认识 但那确实就是我们的地球Little more than a few pieces of rock,colliding as they circle around the Sun.当体积差不多大的巨石在围绕太阳转动时发生碰撞But these impacts produced immense amounts of heat,这种冲击力量是如此猛烈 从而产生了巨大的热量as did underground radioactive decay.这些岩石也给地球带来了大量的放射性元素Eventually, when the outer layers of the planet cooled最终,当地球外层冷却时these two powerful sources of heat were trapped in a huge hot core.这两种巨大的能量源被捕获在炽热的地核里The center of our planet is around as hot as the surface of the Sun.地球的中心和太阳的表面一样热This is the source of Earths vast heat energy.捕获在地球内部的And it was what fueled volcano to this day.巨大的热量源至今仍然使火山不断喷发Earths hot core has been continuously releasing unimaginable amounts of heat.仍然不断地释放着令人无法想象的巨大热量Even after four and a half billion years,there are still plenty left.在经历过45亿年后这种热量还大量存在Volcanoes are the most obvious examples of the Earths inner heat in action.火山是地球内热活动的最明显的例子201508/391404Soybeans contain the same isoflavones found in red clover大豆含有和红四叶草相同的异黄酮,and therefore adding soy to the diet can also affect menopausal symptoms.因此在饮食中添加大豆也能够缓解更年期症状,However, not all soy foods will contain the isoflavones,但是并不是所有的大豆食品中都有异黄酮,for example, soy oil and some types of soy proteins have no isoflavones.例如豆油和某些种类的大豆蛋白中就没有异黄酮,It is not possible to tell from a food label if a soy food contains isoflavones我们不可能从食品商标中看出大豆食品是否含有异黄酮because they are not required to be listed on the food label.因为将这标注在商标上并不是一个强制要求Gingko Biloba has been promoted as a supplement to promote mental acuity,银杏叶提取物也一直被人们当做一种有效的补充剂,cardio-protective health, circulatory problems, and enhance memory.它能够缓解头疼,保护心脑血管健康,增强,This is due to its ability to dilate arteries which improves blood flow.这是因为它能够扩张血管,以促进血液流动It is not clear if this increased blood flow results in clearer thinking, memory, or learning.目前还不清楚,改善血液流动是否能使思维更清晰,更好Side effects are rare,银杏叶提取物的副作用很少,and they do include GI upset, headaches, skin reactions, and/or dizziness.可能有腹泻,头疼,皮肤反应,以及眩晕There are concerns Gingko Biloba may increase人们担心银杏叶提取物会增加the risk of brain hemorrhage and bleeding complications,脑出血和大出血并发症的风险so it should not be used with any blood thinning medications.因此它不应与一些薄血药同时用You should not take this supplement if you are pregnant or nursing.在哺乳期和期的妇女最好不要用银杏叶提取物Gingko Biloba may also react with medications used to treat depression and hypertension.它还会与治疗抑郁和高血压的药物发生反应There are some supplements that are considered unsafe to use.有一些补充剂是不安全的Some are listed on this slide.这边列出了一些Kava kava, for instance, can cause liver damage.例如卡瓦根会造成肝损伤And comfrey can cause liver damage as well as death.而聚合草也会造成肝损伤甚至死亡Lobelia is potentially toxic and binds to nicotine receptors in the body半边莲可能产生毒性,并且使人体内的尼古丁无法排除,and can have a nicotine effect on its users.从而造成尼古丁中毒Products derived from animal brain or nerve products may contain prions that cause mad cow disease.动物的脑或者神经制成的产品可能含有普列昂,会导致疯牛病201512/417407

Were on the second stage of our epic journey我们将开始史诗般旅程的第二阶段across Chinas vast Western frontier,穿越中国广袤的西部边疆where few travellers dare to venture.很少有人敢冒险来到的地方After travelling more than 3,000 miles northwest,在西北行驶了3000英里后we arrive in Kashgar in Xinjiang province,我们抵达了新疆喀什which lies on the border with Afghanistan and Pakistan.位于中国,阿富汗和巴基斯坦边境上的城市Kashgar is home to a veiled minority, whose culture喀什是神秘的少数族裔的家园,其文化is at odds with the modernising zeal of the ruling Han Chinese.与其他人对现代化的热忱截然不同Gosh, this looks like an ancient medieval city weve come to.天哪,我们好像来到一个古老的中世纪城市Its really on the far fringes of China.这真的是中国最边远之地This city was once a major centre on the Silk Road,这个城市曾是丝绸之路上的一个重要中心the 7,000 mile trade route that connected7000英里的贸易路线连接着Chinas Yellow River Valley with India and the Mediterranean.中国的黄河流域和印度以及地中海Today, Kashgar is a deeply divided city.如今,喀什是一个泾渭分明的城市In the old town, the Uyghurs, Turkic Muslim people from central Asia,在老城区,维吾尔的伊斯兰信徒来自中亚strive to preserve their ancient culture and religious practices.努力保持他们古老的文化和宗教习俗While in the new city, the recent influx of Han Chinese,who make up 92% of Chinese population然而在新城区,是新近涌入的占百分之九十二人口的汉族移民build their skyscrapers with the riches of the regions oil and gas.用该地区丰富的石油天然气财富建造天大楼This is where the Far East meets the Middle East.这就是远东和中东的一次交会I dont feel like Im in China, I feel like Im in Central Asia,我觉得我不像是在中国,更像是在中亚but its not China.但不是中国Its where there have been violent protests这里多次发生过的from disenfranchised Uyghurs against the Han Chinese.维族群众的抗议活动And where tradition and modernity are in open conflict.以及传统与现代的冲突Weve come to the market to find out我们来到市场探寻if Uyghur culinary and religious customs are surviving维族人的美食和宗教习俗是否还存在于in this ethnically divided city.这个民族特色分明的城市This is certainly the most exotic place weve been to in China.当然这是我们到过中国的最奇特的地方201510/406720

栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghais English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。201601/422279

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