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2019年12月06日 13:34:44来源:问医晚报

If Someone Has very Obviously Had Cosmetic Surgery, Should You Acknowledge It or Not?如果有人整容整的非常明显,你该不该承认呢?It’s a tough one, I grant you, Geoffrey. After all, the person has submitted themselves to an extraordinary amount of pain and cost. Surely, you might think, the polite thing would be to acknowledge it? You might think that, but you would be wrong. The polite thing is to pretend the person has always looked like this. Vogue has a corker of an example of that this month in its interview with Renée Zellweger. Now, Zellweger looks a little different these days. How to deal with this silicone elephant in the room? Easy: “Let’s get it out of the way: Renée Zellweger looks perfectly normal to me,” the interview begins. Um, OK! “And if she has done something to her face (and does it really matter?), then hats off to her, she looks terrific.” How’s that for some fancy footwork? She doesn’t look like she’s had anything done, but if she has, GOOD FOR HER.这是个很难的问题,我把这个问题交给你了杰弗里。毕竟,这个人也承受了非凡的疼痛和代价。当然,你也许会认为,想要礼貌点的话就是承认整容?你也许是这么想的,但这是错的。想要礼貌的话,就是去假装这个人看上去一直就是这样的。《时尚》杂志本月在采访Renée Zellweger时有一个十分了不得的例子。现在,Zellweger看上去有点不一样了。如何在访问室里与这个硅胶大象打交道呢?很简单:“让我们切入正题:我觉得Renée Zellweger看上去很正常,”访谈开始了。恩,好的!“如果她的脸动刀子的话(这真的很重要吗?),然后向她致敬,她看上去棒呆了。”这样一个花式步伐如何?她看上去不像动过刀子,但是如果她动过的话,真是好样的。Here’s my tuppence on the matter: no one should be judged, negatively or positively, for doing whatever they want to their body. It is this judgment that makes people who have had the work feel like they have to deny the obvious. The best thing for everyone is if the person who has had the work laughs at the critics and gossips and makes like Dolly Parton who famously said: “If I have one more facelift, I’ll have a beard.” Now I’m not saying Zellweger has had work or not, but I do think all of our lives would be marvellously improved if she started cracking jokes about pubic facial hair in Vogue.这是我对这个问题的建议:没有人应该因为对自己的身体做了想要的改变,而被别人指指点点,不管是好的还是坏的。正是这种指指点点使整容的人觉得他们应该要否认这种明显的整容。对于每个人来说都最好的就是,如果这个整过容的人嘲笑批评家和散播流言蜚语的人,并说了多丽#8226;帕顿曾说过的一句有名的话:“如果我整过容,我就会长胡子。”现在我不是说Zellweger动过刀子了,但我的确认为如果她开始在《时尚》杂志上公然的开起面部毛发的玩笑,那么我们的生活都会得到很大的改进。译文属 /201606/451469。

  • The world#39;s oldest living animal is starting over with a clean sheet at 184 years old - after a vet gave him his first ever bath.  世界上最年长的生物在184岁高龄时背着清爽的外壳,焕然一新了——兽医给它洗了个澡,还是这辈子头一回呢。  Jonathan the giant tortoise has come out of his shell after centuries of grime were painstakinglyscrubbed off his back with a loofah, soft brush and surgical soap.  巨龟乔纳森从龟壳里探出脑袋,身上积了两百年的污垢已经小心擦除,清理工具是丝瓜瓤、软刷和手术肥皂。  Dr Joe Hollins, the vet for the British outpost of St Helena in the south Atlantic where Jonathan lives, decided to give him a spruce up ahead of a royal visit in a few weeks#39; time.  乔纳森生活在南大西洋的英国前哨小岛——圣赫勒拿岛上,英国王室将于数周后访问该岛。于是,岛上的兽医乔霍林斯决定为乔纳森梳洗打扮一番,迎接访问。  He carefully scrubbed each of the segments of Jonathan#39;s shell, known as scutes, and removed blacksludge and bird droppings while the tortoise sedately chewed on grass.  他小心翼翼地擦洗了乔纳森外壳上的每一块甲片——学名“盾甲”,清除掉龟壳上的黑色泥垢和鸟粪,而乔纳森则在一边安静地咀嚼青草。  It was only after his bath it was realised the rings on his shell, which usually tell a tortoises#39; age, have completely worn away.  清洗过后,才看得出乔纳森身上显示龟龄的纹路已经悉数磨平。   Jonathan, who is 45ins long and can stand up to 2ft tall, arrived on St Helena as a gift to the governor from the Seychelles.  乔纳森身长45英寸(约1.14米),站立高2英尺(约0.6米),是塞舍尔送给圣赫勒拿岛督察的礼物。  In his time on St Helena he has seen 28 British governors come and go. Eight British monarchs from George IV to Elizabeth II have been crowned during his lifetime and 51 British Prime Ministers have served at 10 Downing Street.  它已经在圣赫勒拿岛上见了28任英国督察的更迭,经历了自乔治四世到伊丽莎白二世共八代英帝国君王的加冕,而唐宁街10号已然更换了51任英国首相。 /201604/435529。
  • A groundbreaking trial to see if it is possible to regenerate the brains of dead people, has won approval from health watchdogs.探究死者大脑能否重获新生的开创性实验已获卫生监管部门批准可以开展。A biotech company in the US has been granted ethical permission to recruit 20 patients who have been declared clinically dead from a traumatic brain injury, to test whether parts of their central nervous system can be brought back to life.美国一家生物科技公司获得伦理许可,将招募20位因脑创伤被宣布临床死亡的病人,用于测试他们的部分中枢神经系统能否被复苏。Scientists will use a combination of therapies, which include injecting the brain with stem cells and a cocktail of peptides, as well as deploying lasers and nerve stimulation techniques which have been shown to bring patients out of comas.科学家们将合用多种治疗方法,包括给大脑注入干细胞和混合多肽,以及利用激光和神经刺激技术等等。激光神经刺激技术此前被实能让病人从昏迷中苏醒。The trial participants will have been certified dead and only kept alive through life support. They will be monitored for several months using brain imaging equipment to look for signs of regeneration, particularly in the upper spinal cord - the lowest region of the brain stem which controls independent breathing and heartbeat.接受试验者必须已经被确认为死亡,只靠生命维持设备维持生命体征。研究者将通过大脑成像设备进行几个月的监测,寻找重生信号,特别是在高位脊髓区域。高位脊髓是脑干的最低部位,它控制着独立呼吸和心跳。The team believes that the brain stem cells may be able to erase their history and re-start life again, based on their surrounding tissue – a process seen in the animal kingdom in creatures like salamanders who can regrow entire limbs.研究团队相信,基于周围组织,脑干细胞也许可以抹去历史,重启生命。这样的过程经常见于动物王国,比如像娃娃鱼这样的生物就可以重新长出完好的肢干。Dr Ira Pastor, the CEO of Bioquark Inc. said: “This represents the first trial of its kind and another step towards the eventual reversal of death in our lifetime.“Bioquark”公司执行总裁艾拉·帕斯特士说:“这是人类首次进行此类实验,是我们在有生之年逆转死亡的又一次尝试。;We just received approval for our first 20 subjects and we hope to start recruiting patients immediately from this first site – we are working with the hospital now to identify families where there may be a religious or medical barrier to organ donation.“我们刚得到批准,可以先对20位受试者进行试验,我们希望能立刻开始招募病人,就从这里的第一个试验地点开始着手——我们现在正与院方携手,看看哪些家庭可能由于宗教或医疗限制不能捐献器官。;To undertake such a complex initiative, we are combining biologic regenerative medicine tools with other existing medical devices typically used for stimulation of the central nervous system, in patients with other severe disorders of consciousness.“为了开展如此复杂的试验,我们将运用生物再生医学方法,并结合其它通常用于刺激中枢神经系统的医疗手段,治疗患有其它严重意识障碍的病人。;We hope to see results within the first two to three months.;“我们希望在两三个月内看到结果。”The ReAnima Project has just received approval in India, and the team plans to start recruiting patients immediately.这项重生计划也刚在印度获得批准,研究团队计划立即开始招募病人。The first stage, named #39;First In Human Neuro-Regeneration amp; Neuro-Reanimation#39; will be a non-randomised, single group #39;proof of concept#39; and will take place at Anupam Hospital in Rudrapur, Uttarakhand India.此研究的第一阶段——“人类首次神经复苏和再生”,将会是一组非随机的“概念验”,试验将在印度北阿坎德邦卢德拉普尔的安努帕姆医院进行。The peptides will be administered into the spinal cord daily via a pump, with the stem cells given bi-weekly, over the course of a 6 week period.在长达六周的疗程里,研究人员每天都会通过泵送的方式往病人脊髓里注入多肽,每两周注入一次干细胞。Dr Pastor added: ;It is a long term vision of ours that a full recovery in such patients is a possibility, although that is not the focus of this first study – but it is a bridge to that eventuality.;帕斯特士补充说:“我们认为,从长远来看,这样的病人是有可能完全复苏的。尽管我们第一次试验还达不到这样的目标,但却是最终实现这一目标的桥梁。”Brain stem death is when a person no longer has any brain stem functions, and has permanently lost the potential for consciousness and the capacity to breathe.如果一个人的脑干不再有任何功能,并永久失去了恢复意识和恢复呼吸的可能,就算脑干死亡。A person is confirmed as being dead when their brain stem function is permanently lost.如果一个人永久丧失了脑干功能,就被临床确认为死亡。However, although brain dead humans are technically no longer alive, their bodies can often still circulate blood, digest food, excrete waste, balance hormones, grow, sexually mature, heal wounds, spike a fever, and gestate and deliver a baby.然而,尽管从技术上讲,脑死亡的人已经死了,但他们的身体通常还能进行血液循环、消化食物、排泄废物、平衡荷尔蒙、生长、性成熟、愈合伤口、抑制发烧、怀和生小孩。Recent studies have also suggested that some electrical activity and blood flow continues after brain cell death, just not enough to allow for the whole body to function.最近的研究也表明,脑细胞死亡后,脑电活动和血液流通仍在继续,只不过还不足以作用于整个身体。And while human beings lack substantial regenerative capabilities in the central nervous system, many non-human species, such as amphibians and certain fish, can repair, regenerate and remodel substantial portions of their brain and brain stem even after critical life-threatening trauma.尽管人类中枢神经系统中缺少强劲的重生能力,但很多非人类物种,比如两栖动物和某些鱼类,甚至在大脑受到威胁生命的严重创伤之后,仍然可以自我修复、新生并重建大脑和脑干的很多部分。“Through our study, we will gain unique insights into the state of human brain death, which will have important connections to future therapeutic development for other severe disorders of consciousness, such as coma, and the vegetative and minimally conscious states, as well as a range of degenerative CNS conditions, including Alzheimer#39;s and Parkinson#39;s disease,” added Dr Sergei Paylian, Founder, President, and Chief Science Officer of Bioquark Inc.“Bioquark”公司创始人、总裁兼首席科学官谢尔盖·佩林士说:“通过这项独特的研究,我们可以深入了解人类大脑死亡的状况,对今后治疗其它严重意识障碍有重要影响,比如昏迷、植物状态、阿尔兹海默和帕金森等一系列中枢神经系统退化问题。”Commenting on the trial, Dr Dean Burnett, a neuroscientist at the Cardiff University’s Centre for Medical Education said: “While there have been numerous demonstrations in recent years that the human brain and nervous system may not be as fixed and irreparable as is typically assumed, the idea that brain death could be easily reversed seems very far-fetched, given our current abilities and understanding of neuroscience.卡迪夫大学医学教育中心神经科学家迪恩·伯内特士这样此次试验:“近年来,尽管很多据都表明人类大脑和神经系统也许不像人们通常设想的那样不可更改、难以修复,但是,鉴于我们现有的能力和对神经科学的理解,‘大脑死亡能被轻易扭转’的这个想法仍然是非常不着边际的。”;Saving individual parts might be helpful but it#39;s a long way from resurrecting a whole working brain, in a functional, undamaged state.;“修复某几个部分也许还有可能,但要复活整个大脑,使其功能运转正常、完好无损,还有很长的路要走。” /201605/442274。
  • The High-Intensity Cardio Workout You Can Do In Your Living Room在客厅就能做的高强度有氧运动Can’t make it to the gym? No problem, this 10-minute workout is designed for small spaces. Full of cardio and high-intensity movements, this workout is sure to make you break a sweat and get your daily workout in without ever leaving your apartment or hotel room. Read this article and follow along with fitness expert Lauren Williams to complete the workout!不能去健身房了?没问题,这个10分钟的锻炼就是为小空间而设计的。这种锻炼全都是高强度有氧运动,肯定会使你出汗,而且是不用离开公寓或宾馆房间就能进行的日常运动。阅读本篇文章,跟随健身专家劳伦#8226;威廉姆斯去完成锻炼吧!If you don’t have time to get to the gym you can still get in a killer workout at home, even if you don’t have a lot of space. Here’s a 10-minute cardio workout designed specifically for tight spaces.如果你没时间去健身房,你仍然可以在家里进行杀手锻炼,即使家里的空间不大。本文介绍了专为紧密空间而设计的10分钟有氧运动。Single leg reach and hop: We’ll start on our lower body with a single-leg reach into a hop. Start by standing on the left leg, and then reach your right leg back keeping it hovering off the ground. Then bring your right leg forward, bring your knee up, and hop. Once you have it, speed it up. Do this for 50 seconds, and then switch legs.单腿伸展和单腿跳:首先从下半身开始,单腿拉伸跳跃。首先,左腿站立,然后回到右腿,使其停留在地面上空。然后右腿向前伸,膝盖向上然后跳跃。一旦你掌握了,就加速进行。这组运动做50秒,然后换腿。Squat jumps and squat pulse: Get into a squat position, slightly bending the knees. After the second pulse, jump and turn to the other side, landing in a squat position, and do two squat pulses. Get as low as you can on that pulse and then get nice and explosive as you jump up.蹲跳和蹲脉:做好蹲着的动作,慢慢的弯曲膝盖。在第二次蹲脉后,跳跃起来转向另一边,形成蹲位状,然后做两次蹲脉。蹲脉时尽可能低下身体,之后跳起来的时候会很好的爆发出来。Plank walks and shoulder tap: Start in a forearm plank position. Your hips are in line with your shoulders. Come up to a top plank, and then do a shoulder tap on each side. Return back down to a forearm plank. Repeat this motion. Make sure that you’re alternating the arm you use to get into a top plank and to get back down into a forearm plank so that you’re working both sides of the body.平板走和肩部拍打:首先做好前胳膊平板姿势。你的臀部与肩部在一条线上。做好顶部平板姿势,然后每边都做肩部拍打动作。回到前胳膊平板姿势。重复该动作。确保在顶部平板动作时要交替自己的胳膊然后再做回前胳膊平板姿势,这样你的身体两边就都在运动。译文属 /201606/451092。
  • People d changes – be they big or small – but changes are not as horrible as many believe. Regardless of what happened in your life, even the most drastic change can turn your life upside down.人们都害怕改变-使他们变好或变坏-但是改变不是像许多人认为的那样可怕。不管你的生活中发生了什么改变,哪怕是最重大的改变都会对你的生活产生影响。Change the quality of life改变生活质量Your quality of life can either drop or increase – it all depends on you. While some people let depression rule their lives, others fight with it. Statistics show many people ruined their lives by getting into bad habits like smoking, drinking, antidepressants and drugs.They use bad habits to calm their pains, but all they do is slowly destroying their lives.你的生活质量将变好还是变坏——完全取决于你自己。然而有些人用消极的态度来对待自己的生活现状,另外一些人却为了改善自己的生活现状而不断奋斗。统计资料显示许多人由于养成了一些坏习惯例如抽烟、喝酒、用抗抑郁药和毒品而毁掉了自己的生活。他们利用这些坏习惯来麻痹自己的伤痛,但是他们做的这一切是在慢慢地摧毁他们的生活。Remember we have only one life? Take advantage of a drastic change to improve your quality of life. I found a better job that has improved my finances and reduced my stress level. If I was not fired, I would not solve my financial problems. It was all for the best.记得吗我们只有一次生命?利用一次重大改变中的有利条件来改善你的生活质量。我找到了一份更好的工作,这份工作改善了我的经济状况同时减轻了我的压力。如果我没有被解雇,我就不会去想办法解决我的收入问题。现在一切都比过去好。Declutter your life and reduce stress调整你的生活以及减轻压力We have too many people and things that drain our energy, destroy our dreams, affect every facet of our lives and make us miserable. A drastic change can help you declutter your life and get rid of anything and anyone that bring stress and misery into your life.It is a hard process and sometimes it seems impossible to remove those you have known for ages from your life for good.在我们的生活中会遇到很多人和事,他们会消耗我们的精力,破坏我们的梦想,影响我们生活的方方面面以及让我们很痛苦。一个重大的改变能够帮你调整自己的生活状态同时让你摆脱任何给你生活带来压力和痛苦的人和事。那是一个艰难的过程,有时让你永远地忘记那些你认识了很久的人似乎是不可能的。Drastic changes leave you no choice. If you had to move to another country (or continent) that might be a sign that you need new people in your life. If he broke up with you right before your big day, it might be better for you. Embrace any change in your life and look on the brightest side in any complicated situation. A positive attitude is one the best cures here. It is a lot easier to overcome a drastic change when you believe in a positive outcome. Just as George Bernard Shaw stated, “Progress is impossible without change, and those who cannot change their minds cannot change anything.”重大的改变让你不能选择。如果你迁居到了另一个国家(或者大洲)那可能是个信号意味着在你的生活中需要认识一些新的朋友。如果在你有重大活动的日子之前他和你分手了,那样可能对你更好。去拥抱你生命中所有的改变,面对任何复杂的情形都要去看最好的一面。积极的态度是解决问题最好的方式。当你相信结果会是很乐观的时候,战胜一次重大的改变将会更加容易。正如萧伯纳所说:“没有改变,不可能进步。那些无法改变自己想法的人,什么事情也改变不了。”译文属 /201607/453379。
  • Li Shizhen(1518~1593), styled Dongbi, literary name Binhu, a native of Qizhou (present Qichun Town, Hubei Province), was a prominent pharmacist in the Ming Dynasty and a great natural scientist in the cultural history of the world.李时珍(1518 ~ 1593 ),字东璧,号濒湖。湖广蕲州(今湖北蕲春)人。明代卓越的医药学家,世界文化史上伟大的自然科学家。He had consummate medical skill and made intensive study of medical classics. After trekking over a long distance to cull medicinal herbs, he wrote the world-famous monumental masterpiece Bencaogangmu (Compendium of Materia Medica) after 27 years of hard work.李时珍精通医术,钻研医典,万里跋涉,采方问药,历时27年写成了举世闻名的中医药著作《本草纲目》。Acclaimed as the ;Chinese Encyclopedia; of the 16th century by Darwin, it included indications and prescriptions of 1 892 medicinal herbs, among which 374 were newly added.被达尔文誉为16世纪的“中国百科全书”。此书收入1 892种药物,其中新增药物374种。There were more than 1 100 medicine illustrations and over 11 000 recipes.药物插图1 1 00余幅,11 000多个药方。In the course of compiling the work, Li Shizhen made his endeavors all the way throughout the country to pick up specimens in the wild and to search and collect folk recipes. His classifications of medicine were based on fairly scientific approaches.他采用比较科学的方法对药物进行分类,每种药物后面附有用法和方剂,就药论治,按寻药,创立了本草学的新体系。Each type of medicine was followed by an explanation of usage and dosage. He established a new system for the study of Chinese herbal medicine. This book was completed during the course of struggle against Taoism. Denouncing sharply the absurd practice of taking ;magic pills; for longevity, Li Shizhen disclosed the secret of the so-called magical prescription and catholicon and the claim that those who ate longevity herbs would become immortal.《本草纲目》是在与道教斗争中写成的,李时珍痛斥了道教“长生久视”的诳言,揭开了所谓“仙方”、“神药”的秘密,从而戳穿了“羽化登仙”的骗术。In addition Li Shizhen wrote six other medical works:Binhu Study on the Pulse, Research on the Eight Extra-Channels and Research on the Pulse Diagnosis on the diagnosis by feeling the pulse, On the Three Visceral Cavities Housing the Internal Organs, Exeaminations of the Gate of Vitality on the theory of triple burners, and Binhu Medical Cases on the experiences of medical treatment. The former three are still in existence.另外,李时珍还有6部医学著作,关于脉学的有《濒湖脉学》、《奇经八脉考》、《脉决考》,关于三焦命门理论的有《三焦客难》、《命门考》,还有关于临医疗经验的《濒湖医案》,现存前3部。 /201604/439906。
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