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2019年08月24日 11:22:34 | 作者:康网 | 来源:新华社
This is not a diet -- or a rigorous exercise program. (Nobody can stick to those for long.) Instead, it's a simple way to make weight loss a natural part of the life you aly live. And guess what? It's fun! You don't have to give up the foods you love or join a gym. It's about balancing calories in tiny ways that add up to big benefits. You just adopt some tricks naturally lean people do. Pick the ones you like, stick with them, and you'll slim down and tone up -- for good!Morning Makeover1. Wake-up workout When your eyes open, sit up slowly without using your hands. With legs straight out, lean forward until you feel a gentle stretch in your back and hamstrings. Hold; then, using your abs, lower yourself flat. Rest and repeat two more times. Strengthens core. Burns 10 calories2. Go for the grains Not y for Twigs amp; Rocks cereal? Sprinkle on a few tablespoons of wheat germ or oat bran. Work up to 3/4 cup of low-sugar whole-grain cereal with at least three grams of fiber per serving, and you'll pass on that Danish. Saves 1003. Add some protein The more you eat earlier on, the less you eat as the day wears on, research has shown. So after your cereal, add a hard-boiled egg or a part-skim mozzarella cheese stick to keep you feeling full -- and away from that pre-lunch brownie. Saves 200 (or more)4. Balance booster While you brush your teeth, alternate standing on one leg as you switch mouth quadrants (every 30 seconds). Balancing develops your core muscles and may even be good for your brain. Burns 105. Be a ballerina As your coffee drips, stand sideways, put one hand on the counter, and lift the outside leg straight out in front of you, keeping it extended. With upper body straight, hold for a few seconds and move it to the side; hold and extend it behind you. Do five to ten times on each leg. Tones outer thighs, hip flexors and quadriceps. Burns 106. Coffee saver Instead of pouring that 1/3 cup of half-and-half (a whopping 105 calories!) into your mug, replace it with the same amount of 2% milk. Saves 607. Better your bagel You can walk 10,000 steps to justify your 500-calorie bagel with cream cheese, or try this: low-fat spable cheese like Laughing Cow Light on an English muffin. Saves 300Nine-to-Five Fixes8. Tone in traffic Use the time spent bumper-to-bumper to develop your buns of steel: Squeeze your derrière each time you tap the brake, holding for 10 seconds. Shoot for 10 to 15 squeezes a trip. Burns 109. Snack smarter Portion out the day's snacks into pint-size zip bags, or buy single-serving portions. For example, four regular Oreos have 200 calories versus the 100-calorie snack bag version. Go for the lower fat chips: a Lay's Light bag has only 75 calories, while the regular has 150. Saves 175 (over two snacks)10. Casual day payoff You will blast more calories during the day wearing comfy clothes like jeans or khakis, sport shirts and soft-soled shoes than donning constricting suits, skirts and heels. Why? Because you walk more, a study found. Now you just have to convince the boss. Burns 2511. You know squat! At your desk chair, pretend you're going to sit but don't -- stop and come back up without using your arms. Always start squats by lowering your hips, not bending knees forward, and keeping your weight on your heels. Repeat the motion throughout the day (even at the potty!) for 15 to 20 total. Strengthens quadriceps. Burns 1512. Switch your soda Your body doesn't register calories from liquids the same way it does those from foods, so you won't get those "stop eating" signals to help you compensate for the overload later on. Change from two glasses of regular soda or fruit juice to diet soda or a flavored seltzer. Saves 30013. Talk it up Every time you grab the phone, stand up and pace around. Heavy people sit on average two and a half hours more per day than thin people, according to the Mayo Clinic. Burns 50 or more14. At lunch, pick a pita Use one mini whole-wheat pita instead of the usual two slices of white or refined wheat b for your sandwich. Saves 7015. Get face time We use e-mail so much we've forgotten what our co-workers look like. Pick a colleague or two who sits farthest from you and deliver 10 of those daily messages in person. And go out of your way: Hit a bathroom or a copier on another floor -- and take the stairs, of course. Burns 10016. Firm as you file Pause from your papers with a few wall push-ups. Place hands wide at shoulder height against the wall. Take a couple of steps back so your body is at a slight angle and your weight is on your toes, and do three sets of 10 push-ups. Strengthens chest and triceps. Burns 1017. An apple (or more) a day They're packed with fiber and water, so your stomach will want less. Plus, studies out of Washington State and Brazil have shown that people who eat at least three apples or pears a day lose weight. Try two small apples and two fewer large cookies. Saves 10018. Try a simple chair workoutDips: If your chair has wheels, brace it against something. Facing forward, place palms on the front edge of the seat with knees bent at a right angle. Lower butt toward the floor; raise and repeat for two sets of 10. Tones triceps. Burns 10Lifts: Seated in a chair with your back straight and your feet on the floor, squeeze knees together and gently bring them toward your chest. Do two sets of ten. Strengthens abdominals. Burns 10Around Town19. Carry some weight When you're grocery shopping or running errands, wear a backpack with a 5-or 10-pound bag of sugar inside to increase resistance and burn more calories. Add purchases to your load as it becomes easier. Burns 20 (for an hour of errands)20. Tweak your treat Instead of a large caffè latte and a chocolate cream-cheese muffin, get a small nonfat latte and a small low-fat raisin or carrot muffin. Saves 34021. Pump at the pump Instead of fuming over gas prices, think about firming your calves: With one hand on your car, stand on the balls of your feet and slowly rise up and down for as long as it takes your tank to fill -- for an SUV that might be 50 raises! Burns 1022. Do the pizza pat Blot your slice with a napkin to cut anywhere from a teaspoon to a tablespoon of grease -- and calories. Saves 50-10023. Shop till the pounds drop At the mall, try on at least ten outfits, both pants and shirts. No need to buy! Burns 6024. Eat like a kid You don't have to give up that quick lunch if you order smaller portions: Instead of a Quarter Pounder with Cheese and large fries, opt for the cheeseburger Happy Meal. You can even play with the toy. Saves 39025. Recharge yourself Anytime you're waiting in line, stand evenly on both feet, clasp hands behind your back and squeeze shoulder blades together to open your chest, an energizing yoga-based move that stimulates the nervous system. Hold for 10 to 20 seconds while slowly breathing in and out, taking longer on the inhale. Burns 5 /200807/43694Germans have a word for it -- schadenfreude -- and when it comes to getting pleasure from someone else's misfortune, men seem to enjoy it more than women. Such is the conclusion reached by scientists at University College London in what they say is the first neuroscientific(1) evidence of schadenfreude.Using brain-imaging techniques, they compared how men and women reacted when watching other people suffer pain.If the sufferer was someone they liked, areas of the brain linked to empathy and pain were activated in both sexes. To those they disliked women had a similar response, but men showed a surge(2) in the reward areas of the brain."The women had a diminished(3) empathic response(4)," said Dr Stephan, a co-author of the report. "But it was still there, whereas in the men it was completely absent(5)."The scientists said the research shows that empathic responses in men are shaped by the perceived fairness of others." Empathic responses to other people are not automatic, as has been assumed in the past, but depend on the emotional link to the person who is observed suffering," Stephan said.In the two-part study, 32 men and women volunteers played a game in which they exchanged money with four other people who were actors playing a part. The actors were either fair(6) characters, who returned equal amounts of cash that have been given to them, or unfair people who gave little or no money back to the volunteers.In the second part of the experiment, the volunteers were placed in magnetic(7) imaging brain scanners(8) as they watched the actors receiving a mild(9) electric shock, similar to a bee sting. The scientists measured reactions of the volunteers in areas of the brain associated with pain and empathy and reward while the actors experienced pain.The responses shown in the brain images were backed up with questionnaires(10) filled in by the volunteers. Men admitted to having a much higher desire for revenge than women and derived(11) satisfaction from seeing the unfair person being punished."We will need to confirm these gender(12) differences in larger studies because it is possible the experimental design favoured(13) men as there was a physical rather than psychological or financial threat involved," said Dr Tania Singer, who led the study. 德语中有一个词专用于形容幸灾乐祸:“schadenfreude”。伦敦尤尼弗斯特大学科学家从神经学方面实:男性比女性更容易幸灾乐祸。科学家们利用脑电波成像技术比较男性和女性在看到别人受苦时的脑部反应。如果受难者是他们喜欢的人,男女脑中负责同情和痛苦区域的反应同样活跃。如果受难者是他们反感的人,女人的反应没有太大变化,但是男人脑中的奖赏区域的反应却十分剧烈报告合作作者斯戴芬士说:“女性的移情反应有所减弱,至少还有,但是男性的根本就消失了。”科学家们说研究表明,男性是否会产生移情反应取决于他人是否曾善待他。斯戴芬说,同情并非如我们曾经认为的那样是自发的,而是取决于受难者与自己的情感关系。这项研究分成两个步骤,共有32个志愿者参加。首先每个志愿者与4个工作人员换钱。有的“正直”的工作人员交还了同样数量的钱,但其他“不正直”的人要么只还一点要么干脆不还。第二部分中,志愿者们戴着电磁脑部扫描设备观看工作人员遭受轻度的电击(像被蜜蜂蜇了一下)。同时,科学家们记录下他们脑部有关同情、痛苦和回报区域的活动情况。科学家们同时记录下他们脑部有关同情、痛感和回报的区域的活动情况。志愿者们在调查问卷中的回答也进一步实了脑部扫描结果的准确性。男性志愿者承认他们有更强的报复心理,看到对他们不公正的人受苦能获得满足感。坦尼亚辛格·士说:“科学家们认为仍需要进行更大规模的研究来验这一性别差异。因为此次试验主要针对生理的威胁,而不是心理或财务危机,可能会导致男性反应比女性剧烈。” /200804/36984

股票跌个不停,物价涨个不停;工资走平稳路线,房价在节节攀升。各位兄弟们,一定要抓紧机会赚钱啊,尤其是在股市探底的时候,现在唯一的难题就是不知道它什么时候探底。上面说的是题外话了,今天我们要学习的表达是“抓紧机会赚钱”,这个可以用to make hay来表示。这个片语起源于为牲口准备饲料。为牲口准备冬天的饲料是农民夏天的一项重要工作。他们收割已经长高了的草,把它们铺开晒干,然后再把它们捆起来入库作为牲畜冬天的饲料。及时完成这项工作是很重要的,因为干草要是淋了雨,就会发霉。于是就有了这样一句成语:to make hay while the sun shines,原意是:乘有太阳的时候,赶快把饲料准备好。美国人经常把这一说法缩短成为:to make hay。To make hay在用作俗语的时候,和准备饲料没有什么太大关系了,它的意思就是“看到赚钱的机会就尽量从中获利”。我们来举一个例子吧,这个人因为汽油涨价而生气:If you ask me, some oil companies are really making hay out of the oil crisis. They keep raising the price of a gallon of gas, even though the experts say there's enough gas to go around if people don't get greedy. 要是你问我啊,我告诉你,有些石油公司乘着石油危机而大发其财。他们不断抬高每加伦汽油的价钱,尽管那些专家们说,只要人们不太贪心,汽油供应是足够的。我们再给大家举一个 to make hay的例子。这个人认为一个新的电脑公司的股票会使他赚很多钱,他正在劝他的朋友买这个股票:I tell you, the smart thing is to buy as much stock as you can afford. You want to make hay before everybody hears about it and the stock doubles in price. 我告诉你,尽你的能力买,这是聪明的做法。你要在别人还没有听说这个股票之前就赚一大笔钱。等到人家都知道了,股票的价格就会加倍。 /200806/42588

You might do a double take when you see this particular robot - and if you did you would not be alone.看到这个特别的机器人时你可能一时反应不过来——如果是,不只你一个人这样。Visitors to a recent exhibition in China were greeted by Jia Jia, a humanoid robot who is not only scarily lifelike, but intelligent and quick-witted too.在中国最近的一个展览上,参观者受到佳佳的欢迎,她是一个人形机器人,不仅外形非常逼真,而且聪明机敏。The female robot has been called a #39;robot goddess#39; by her hoards of online fans, and some who met her at a recent exhibition were taken aback by her lifelike appearance.这个女机器人被网上的粉丝称为“机器人女神”,一些在近期的展览会上看到她的人对其逼真的外形感到大吃一惊。Jia Jia stood near the entrance of the exhibition hall that hosted this year#39;s 2016 Summer Davos Forum in Tianjin, in a major port city in North China.今年2016届夏季达沃斯论坛在中国北方的一个主要港口城市天津举行,佳佳站在展览厅的入口处。She was dressed in a traditional Chinese outfit, hairstyle, complete with a classic hairpin, and immediately caught the attention of passers-by.她身着传统的中国装,梳着传统的发型,头上还别着一个古典的发簪,一亮相立即引起了周围人的注意。This life-like cyborg is the brain child of engineer Chen Xiaoping and his colleagues at the University of Science and Technology of China.这个栩栩如生的机器人是中国科技大学工程师陈小平及其同事们的智慧结晶。Her #39;brain#39;, which is essentially a huge online database, is connected to a cloud computing platform that allows her to enhance her ability to process emotions and speech as new data is uploaded.佳佳的“大脑”本质上是一个巨大的在线数据库,该数据库连接到一个云计算平台,使她能够随着新数据的上传增强处理情绪、语音的能力。Jia Jia can hold conversations with those who ask her questions and respond in less than a second.佳佳可以与那些向她提问的人对话,并在不到一秒的时间内作出反应。Reports said she is also able to make micro-expressions and recognise the facial expressions of others.有报道称,她还能够做出细微的表情,并读取别人的面部表情。She is thought to be one of a kind in China, although in the past few years there have been other similar #39;smart#39; bots made by engineers.尽管在过去的几年里已有其他工程师设计出类似的“智能”机器人,佳佳被认为在中国是独一无二的。According to reports, the Chinese are taking a great interest in robotic technologies, with China accounting for more than 25 percent of global industrial robot sales in 2015 - 62,000 of 248,000 units sold worldwide last year.据报道,中国人对机器人技术有着巨大的兴趣,2015年机器人在中国的销量占全球工业机器人销量的25%以上——即去年全球销量24.8万台中的6.2万台。The Summer Davos Forum was established in 2007 and alternates between the cities of Tianjin and Dalian - in north-eastern China#39;s Liaoning Province.首届夏季达沃斯论坛于2007年举办,之后在天津和大连两座城市轮流举行,后者位于中国东北的辽宁省。The robot was first unveiled earlier this year.机器人佳佳在今年早些时候首次亮相。During the unveiling in April, Xiaoping said hello to his robot goddess, which immediately responded, #39;Yes my lord, what can I do for you?#39;在四月的揭幕仪式上,小平向他的机器人女神打招呼,佳佳立刻回答说:“是的主人,我能为你做什么?”#39;Hello everyone, I#39;m Jia Jia. Welcome!#39; the robot said as it greeted the audience at the university#39;s multi-media center in May, reported Xinhuanet.新华网的报道称,今年5月机器人佳佳在中国科技大学的多媒体中心向观众打招呼时说:“大家好,我是佳佳。欢迎!”#39;Don#39;t come too close to me when you are taking a picture. It will make my face look fat,#39; Jia Jia said.佳佳说:“拍照时请不要太靠近我。这会使我的脸看起来很胖。”This group of researchers were also the masterminds behind the service robot #39;Kejia#39; that took home first place at the RoboCup championship in 2014.这组研究人员也是2014年机器人世界杯锦标赛的务型机器人冠军“可佳”的背后主创。Kejia reached a historical mark 8,555 points by showing off its skills of neatly lining up drinks.可佳通过整齐地排列饮料展示其技能,创造了8555分的历史高分。But Xiaoping#39;s robot goddess doesn#39;t seem like it will be used in any competitions. 但机器人佳佳看起来并不会用于任何比赛。#39;We hope to develop the robot so it has deep learning abilities. We will add facial expression recognition and make it interact more deeply with people,#39; Xiaoping explained.小平解释说:“我们希望研发机器人,让它具备很强的学习能力。我们将添加面部表情识别,使其与人进行更深入的互动。”He also revealed that Jia Jia was #39;priceless#39; and the team would not consider mass production, yet.他还透露,佳佳是“无价”的,团队还不会考虑大规模生产。 /201607/452139

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