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Union leaders have warned the government that Britain’s steel industry faces “catastropheunless ministers block Chinese attempts to achieve “market economy statusat the WTO later this year.英国工会领导人警告政府,如果政府官员们不能阻止中国在今年晚些时候获得世界贸易组WTO)“市场经济地位”,英国钢铁业将面临“灾难”。The warning came as Britain’s biggest steelmaker said it was cutting more than 1,000 jobs, prompting recriminations that the UK was failing to stand up for the steel industry in the face of a deluge of cheap Chinese imports.发出这一警告之际,英国最大钢厂宣布将削减1000多个工作岗位,此举引发指责称,面对中国低价倾销的洪流,英国政府未能维护钢铁业的利益。Tata Steel said 750 positions would go at its Port Talbot plant, the UK’s biggest steelworks by output and workforce, along with 100 jobs at mills in Trostre, Corby and Hartlepool and 200 support roles.英国以产量和员工队伍计最大的钢厂塔塔钢铁公司(Tata Steel)表示,塔尔特港钢厂将裁50个岗位,特罗斯特尔钢厂、科比钢厂和哈特尔浦钢厂将裁00个岗位以00个辅助岗位。The decision underlines the evisceration of Britain’s steel industry, which during the past year has either shed or outlined plans to cut more than 6,000 jobs from a workforce that was 30,000-strong at the start of 2015.这一决定突显了英国钢铁业遭到的重挫,2015年初时钢铁业就业总人数为3万人,过去一年该行业已裁减或宣布计划裁减6000多个工作岗位。It also feeds into a roiling debate over China’s place in the global economy as Beijing pushes for market economy status at the World Trade Organisation.该决定还为围绕中国在全球经济中的地位的激烈辩论提供了素材,北京正争取在世贸组织获得市场经济地位。来 /201601/424032

A new study shows sea levels will rise higher than previously believed by the end of this century, due to rapidly melting ice from Antarctica.一项新研究显示,由于南极冰川迅速融化,海平面到本世纪末的上升幅度将超过以往的预测。Using sophisticated computer models, American researchers Rob deConto and David Pollard found that at the current rate of greenhouse gas emissions, the worlds oceans would rise by close to two meters by the year 2100, and as much as 15 meters by the year 2500.美国科学家德孔托和波拉德利用复杂的电脑模型发现,按照目前温室气体的排放量估算,世界海平面100年将上升将近两米,到2500年将上升多达15米。By contrast, the latest report from the ed Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change had predicted sea levels would rise just under one meter by 2100, mainly from warming seas, melting glaciers and the Greenland ice shelf.与此形成对照的是,联合国的政府间气候变化专门委员会曾预测,世界海平面到2100年将上升不到一米,其主要因素包括海水变暖以及冰山和格陵兰冰架融化。If DeConto and Pollards predictions, published Wednesday in the journal Nature are correct, many coastal areas, such as south Florida and New Orleans in the ed States, the city of Shanghai, and Bangladesh could be seriously threatened by rising sea levels.德孔托和波拉德的研究报告发表在《自然》杂志上。如果他们的预测准确,很多沿海地区都可能受到海平面升高的严重威胁,其中包括美国的佛罗里达南部、新奥尔良、还有上海和孟加拉国。来 /201604/435542

Over the July 4 weekend, I made my annual trip to Afghanistan to visit US troops and military commanders. I also travelled to Pakistan to meet civilian and military leaders and to discuss counterterrorism efforts in the region. Two things are clear from that visit.7日前那个周末,我对阿富汗进行了年度访问,看望了美国士兵和军官。我也前往巴基斯坦,会见了政府和军方领导人,并讨论了地区反恐努力。访问之后,我得出了两条明显结论。First, the US mission in Afghanistan is the same today as it was in 2001: to disrupt and defeat terrorist networks that seek to attack its interests and homeland and to deny them safe haven. That mission remains urgent, and it is unfortunately not over yet.第一,如今美国在阿富汗的使命001年时的使命相同:破坏并击败旨在攻击美国利益和本土的恐怖主义网络,让它们失去庇护所。这一使命仍然紧迫,而且遗憾地尚未完成。Second, the US mission in Afghanistan is immeasurably more difficult without Pakistan’s co-operation in taking on terrorists that operate across the Afghan-Pakistani border at will. That is why enhanced co-operation between Afghanistan and Pakistan is essential. Likewise, the strategic imperative for improved relations between the US and Pakistan is clear for the safety of American troops and the success of their mission in Afghanistan, for the stability of the region and for the national security of both Pakistan and the US.第二,在打击自由活动于阿富汗与巴基斯坦边境的恐怖主义分子的过程中,若没有巴基斯坦的合作,美国在阿富汗的使命实现起来要难得多。正因如此,阿富汗和巴基斯坦之间加强合作是非常关键的。同样,在战略上看,美国也必须改善与巴基斯坦之间的关系,这是为了美国驻军的安全及其阿富汗使命的成功,为了地区的稳定,也为了巴基斯坦和美国的国家安全。But recently, the US-Pakistan relationship has been strained. Among other things, limitations on US assistance to Pakistan and congressional reluctance to approve subsidies for the sale of defence articles have added to tensions between the two governments.但近期美国和巴基斯坦的关系出现紧张。美国对巴基斯坦提供援助受到限制,美国国会不愿批准防务装备销售补贴,再加上其他一些事情,加剧了两国政府之间的紧张关系。Despite this and other recent difficulties, US and Pakistani leaders cannot allow ambivalence and suspicion to fester. Common interests in counterterrorism, nuclear security and regional stability are too important and too urgent.尽管存在近期的种种困难,美国和巴基斯坦领导人不能坐视矛盾和怀疑心理滋生。两国在反恐、核安全以及地区稳定方面的共同利益太重要、太紧迫。For too long, the US has viewed the bilateral relationship only through the prism of Afghanistan. To achieve real progress, the US must make clear its enduring commitment to Pakistan’s stability and economic growth.太长时间以来,美国一直只透过阿富汗这枚棱镜来审视美国与巴基斯坦的关系。为了实现双边关系的真正进步,美国必须明确对巴基斯坦稳定与经济增长的长期承诺。For its part, Pakistan must take on and eliminate havens for terrorist groups such as the Afghan Taliban, the Haqqani network, Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad that operate within its borders, attack its neighbours and kill US forces. Pakistani leaders, including Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and the army chief of staff General Raheel Sharif, have made recent commitments to do just that. Following through on these is critical.从巴基斯坦方面来看,该国必须打击并清除恐怖主义组织的庇护所,这些恐怖主义组织包括在其境内活动、攻击其邻国并杀死美国军人的阿富汗塔利班、哈卡尼网络(Haqqani network)、虔诚军(Lashkar-e-Taiba)以及穆罕默德Jaish-e-Mohammad)。包括总理纳瓦#8226;谢里Nawaz Sharif)和陆军参谋长拉希#8226;谢里夫上General Raheel Sharif)在内的巴基斯坦领导人不久前已经做出了这样的承诺。后续落实承诺是至关重要的。This will be difficult for Pakistan. It will require political will and entail costly sacrifice in blood and treasure. That is why there will be sceptics in the country opposed to decisive efforts to defeat extremism.这对巴基斯坦而言并非易事。巴基斯坦将必须拿出政治意志,并做出鲜血和金钱方面的巨大牺牲。正因如此,巴基斯坦国内将有些怀疑人士反对采取果断行动打垮极端主义势力。But Mr Sharif and Gen Sharif have heard such pleas for restraint before. There were those who said it would be too hard to take on the Pakistani Taliban after it attacked a school in Peshawar and killed more than 130 children in 2014. Fortunately, Mr Sharif and Gen Sharif recognised the threat that these militants posed to Pakistan and took action. Thanks to these efforts, the perpetrator of the Peshawar school attack is no longer a threat to Pakistan or any other country.但谢里夫总理和谢里夫上将此前听到过克制行动的请求。有些人说,在巴基斯坦塔利班2014年袭击白沙瓦(Peshawar)一所学校、杀死30名孩子之后,打击他们太难了。幸运的是,谢里夫总理和谢里夫上将都意识到这些武装分子对巴基斯坦构成的威胁,并采取了行动。多亏了这些努力,白沙瓦学校袭击案的凶手现在对巴基斯坦和任何其他国家都不再构成威胁。In 2014, Pakistan launched Operation Zarb-e-Azb in North Waziristan, a tribal area along the Afghan-Pakistani border where militants had operated with impunity for decades. During my visit to Miram Shah in North Waziristan, I saw the city’s bazaar that once housed bomb-making factories, arms dealers and office fronts for terrorist groups.2014年,巴基斯坦在北瓦济里斯North Waziristan)发动了“利剑行动Operation Zarb-e-Azb)。北瓦济里斯坦是巴基斯坦-阿富汗边境的一处部落区,武装分子在那里无法无天地活动了几十年。我去访问北瓦济里斯坦的米拉萨赫(Miram Shah)时,看到了该市那个曾经聚集着炸弹工厂、军火商和恐怖组织的办公场所的集市。Thanks to the actions of Pakistani soldiers, this death market is no more. Now the military is building roads, border posts, schools and healthcare facilities across North Waziristan, a recognition that the failure to focus on economic development in the tribal areas in previous decades was a profound mistake.得益于巴基斯坦战士们的行动,这一死亡市场已不复存在。如今,军方正在北瓦济里斯坦全境修建道路、边防哨所、学校和医疗设施。他们承认,过去几十年未能集中精力发展部落区的经济,是一个重大错误。This operation did not eliminate every haven nor did it catch every terrorist. And it will require years of follow-up to secure the gains it has achieved. But it has led to security improvements in the country. It shut down bomb-making factories and tunnel networks that menaced Afghanistan. And it displaced militants, many of whom fled into the crosshairs of US and Afghan forces y and waiting on the other side of the border.这一行动没有根除所有的恐怖组织庇护所,也没有抓住所有的恐怖分子。而且,还需要多年的后续行动才能巩固已获得的胜利。但是,该行动改善了巴基斯坦的国内安全状况。它关闭了对阿富汗构成威胁的炸弹工厂和隧道网络。而且,它赶走了武装分子,其中许多人逃进了等候在边境另一侧的美国和阿富汗军队的瞄准范围。Pakistan has the opportunity to prove the sceptics wrong again by taking on terrorist groups that target Afghan, Indian and US forces in the region with the same energy with which it has prosecuted the fight against the Pakistani -Taliban. By taking on all terrorist groups operating in its territory, Pakistan will find that the US remains willing and able to assist in this fight and develop an enduring strategic partnership.巴基斯坦可以拿出跟打击巴基斯坦塔利班相仿的精力,对瞄准该地区的阿富汗、印度和美国军队的恐怖组织发起攻击,这样就有机会再次明怀疑者是错误的。在打击所有在本国境内活动的恐怖组织时,巴基斯坦将发现美国仍然愿意并有能力协助战斗,并与巴基斯坦发展长久的战略伙伴关系。The sooner the US, Pakistan and Afghanistan get down to the business of fighting their common terrorist enemies together, no matter where they hide, the better off the nations, the region and the world will be.美国、巴基斯坦和阿富汗越是尽快着手联合打击共同的恐怖主义敌人——无论他们隐藏在哪里——这三个国家、该地区和全世界就将变得越美奀?来 /201608/457849


文章编辑: 周时讯
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