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淮安治疗肛周囊肿哪家医院最好的淮安市楚州医院耳鼻喉科Executive pay高管薪资The final reckoning死后算账When bosses die in office, their true value is revealed经理意外翘辫子了,他们的真正价值才浮出水面Worth every penny 一分钱一分货IN HIS book, “Capital in the Twenty-First Century”, Thomas Piketty argues that it is impossible to find an “objective basis” for the high salaries of senior executives in terms of their individual productivity: they pay themselves such exorbitant sums simply because they can. However, in a forthcoming paper in Management Science, an American journal, two academics claim to have found such an objective measure, and conclude that most bosses are not overpaid.托马斯·皮克提在他的《二十一世纪的资本论》一书中有这样的论述,即就高级管理人员的的个人生产力而言,实在是找不到他们能获得高额薪水的“客观依据”:他们为自己开出这么高的薪水,纯粹就是因为他们有权力这么做。然而,在即将发表在《管理科学》的一篇论文中,两位学者宣称他们发现了一种客观的衡量标准,并由此得出大多数高管的薪水并没有多付。In their study, Bang Dang Nguyen of the University of Cambridges Judge Business School and Kasper Meisner Nielsen of the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology looked at how firms shares react when the chief executive or another prominent manager dies suddenly. They identified 149 cases of this happening at American companies between 1991 and 2008.该论文的作者分别是贾吉商学院的Bang Dang Nguyen和香港科技大学Kasper Meisner Nielsen,他们研究着眼于当企业的总经理或其他高管意外死亡后公司股价的变动情况。他们从1991至2008年间的美国公司中甄选出了149家发生此类情况的公司进行研究。They deem a boss to be overpaid if he gets more than his peers at firms of a similar type and size, but fails to boost his companys stockmarket value by at least the amount of his pay premium. They then assume that when an overpaid boss dies, investors will expect his successors pay to revert to the average, and will mark up its shares in anticipation of getting back the excess amount they had been handing to the deceased.这两位研究者认为,判断一名总经理薪资过高的标准是:如果一名总经理的薪水高于与他所在公司同类型、同等大小公司的总经理的薪资水平,但他给公司市值带来的提升却低于其薪资的溢价。他们继续假设,若一名薪资虚高的经理去世,股东们会预计他的继任者薪资将回归正常水平,于是就可以收回原先由死者多占有的那部分财富,进而抬高了股价。So, if the shares rise on an executives death, that means he was overpaid; if they fall, he was not. By this measure only 42% of the bosses studied were overpaid; furthermore, those with the most eye-popping rewards were found to be giving the best value for money, as measured by the share-price slump when they passed away.所以说,如果一名经理去世后,其公司的股价上升了,那就说明该经理的薪资过高了;股价降低的话,则没有。依据这种判断方法,作为研究样本的总经理中薪资过高的比重只有42%了。此外,那些报酬高的令人咋舌的经理人,他们给公司带来的价值完全对得起他们的薪资—他们去世后公司股价往往会大幅下跌。The study also reckons that of the increase in value that results from a firm hiring an executive, he gets 71% and the shareholders therefore get 29%. In the sense that investors at least get some positive reward from the relationship, executives as a whole are not overpaid.研究还计算出,一家公司雇佣的高管为其创造的价值提升中,该高管获得其中的71%,其他29%则是股东的收益。在这场雇佣关系中,股东是受益方,从这一层面讲,整体上来说高级管理人员的薪资并不过高。Followers of Mr Piketty are unlikely to be convinced. They would say that even when bosses add more value than the amount by which their pay exceeds the average, they are still overpaid because the average is itself excessive; and that it is inherently indecent for bosses to get such a big share of the gains from their relationship with their firms. But at least the study has added a bit of light to a debate that usually generates little but heat.也许,皮特提的追随者们不会就这么被说。他们会说,即使高管们创造的价值要比他薪资高于平均水平的数额还高,他的薪资仍是不合理的,因为这个平均水平本身就太高了;而且,一名从雇佣者那里捞走在收益中的这么大一部分,这件事本身就不很光。但不管怎样,这项研究还是这个雷声大雨点小的争议领域的一场新雨。 /201409/327427淮安市第一人民医院私密整形多少钱 涟水县治疗子宫内膜炎哪家医院最好的

金湖县妇保院引产多少钱Books and Arts; Film Review;The Cannes film festival; Subtle story;文艺;影评;戛纳电影节;微妙的故事;Abdellatif Kechiches film, “La vie dAdele”, carries off the top prize;阿布戴·柯西胥执导的电影《阿黛尔的生活》摘得桂冠;At A time of national collective depression in France, the Cannes film festival is a precious moment: an occasion to show the world that it can still host the most prestigious film festival, throw star-studded parties and draw the best Hollywood talent. Over the years, Cannes has also become a chance for the industry to make a point, and it was easy to see one in this years winner of the Palme dOr, the festivals top prize. It went to “La vie dAdele” (“Blue is the Warmest Colour”), a three-hour erotic lesbian drama directed by a Tunisian-born director, Abdellatif Kechiche. “A perfect symbol,” mused Libération.在法国举国笼罩在阴郁之下时,戛纳电影节成为其最闪耀的一刻:法国向世人明了自己仍旧可以举办世界上最具盛名的电影节、众星云集的晚会,同时也吸引着每一位好莱坞明星。多年来,戛纳一直都是电影业界阐述观念的舞台,而今年的金棕榈奖——戛纳电影节最高奖项的获奖得主,也能够看出这一点。今年的获奖影片是由出生在突尼斯的导演阿布戴·柯西胥执导、以三小时时长讲述了女同性恋故事的《阿黛尔的生活》(《蓝色是一种暖色调》)。法国解放报这样写道:“这是一个完美的象征。”Adele, a pupil at a multicultural school in Lille, wants to become a teacher. Played by the 19-year-old Adele Exarchopoulos, an acting revelation, she is thrown into disarray, then ecstasy, then melancholy by an explosive love affair with Emma (Léa Seydoux), an art student from a liberal-intellectual milieu, with gamine looks and blue-dyed hair. It is an unsentimental coming-of-age film about womanhood, a tale of passion and anger, and an unapologetically graphic love story.影片主角阿黛尔是法国里尔市一所多文化学校的一名学生,她的梦想是成为一名老师。这个角色由演技颇具启示的阿黛尔·艾克阿切波洛斯扮演,在影片中因她与出身自由而又学术的、一头蓝发散发着假小子气质的艺术学生艾玛(由蕾雅·赛杜扮演)的恋情,而使得她的人生陷入混沌,继而狂喜,继而忧郁。影片对于女性的刻画真实且成熟,就像是一个充斥与激愤的故事,也像是一段清楚直白不做作的爱情故事。Steven Spielberg, an American director and this years jury president, dismissed any political symbolism. “Politics”, he said, “was not in the room with us.” Yet the Palme dOr was awarded on a day when protesters took to the streets in Paris for a mass demonstration against a new law that has legalised gay marriage in France, and after a period marked by homophobic violence. By exploring a love affair between two women, the Franco-Tunisian Mr Kechiche has also made a bold point about female liberty. And he dedicated his prize to youth in both France and Tunisia, “so as to inspire them to live in freedom.”作为今年电影节的评审团主席,美国导演史蒂文·斯皮尔伯格拒绝任何形式上将电影同政治相关联。他说:“政治,绝不是我们考虑的因素。”然而,金棕榈奖颁发前,是一段充斥着反同性恋暴力的时间,在这个奖颁发时,法国反对同性婚姻合法化法律的示威者正在巴黎街头举行游行抗议。突裔法国导演柯西胥通过探索女性之间的爱情,在女性自由解放中迈出了坚定的一步。他把他的奖献给所有法国和突尼斯的青年人,“为了让他们能够更加自由的生活。”Does Cannes need to shock? Past juries have delighted in making mischievous political choices. When Michael Moore won the 2004 prize for “Fahrenheit 9/11”, his anti-George Bush documentary, he got a 20-minute standing ovation. In recent years, the gong has often gone to films that grasp nettlesome subjects, such as Cristian Mungius “4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days” (abortion) or Ken Loachs “The Wind that Shakes the Barley” (Irish independence).戛纳会不会对此感到震惊?以前的评审团经常做一些与政治相关的选择。当麦克·尔2004年凭借批判乔治·布什总统的纪录片《华氏911》获奖时,人们起身为他喝了20分钟。而近年来,获奖的总是些围绕着恼人事件的电影,比如说克里斯蒂安·蒙吉的《四月三周两天》(有关堕胎)或者是肯·洛奇的《风吹稻浪》(爱尔兰独立)。Yet, judging by the near-unanimous critical approval, “Adele” has married both political importance and artistic merit. Libération called it “dazzling”, a “film that floated above all the others”. Le Monde described it as “an emotional, erotic shock”. Variety labelled it “a searingly intimate character study”. Better known for his gritty but charming dramas set in heavily immigrant France (“LEsquive”, “La Graine et le Mulet”), Mr Kechiches latest film is also in many ways a product of the French mainstream: a risqué movie, shot in close-up, celebrating independence and passion, starring two white leading actresses, and with minorities as mere extras. For all his north African sensibility, Mr Kechiche now looks every bit a part of the French film-making establishment.然而,从一致的中可以看出,《阿黛尔的生活》是政治因素和艺术价值的结合体。法国《解放报》称其“乱花渐欲迷人眼。”,是“一部领先的电影”。《世界报》将电影描述为“情感丰富,充满情欲”。《综艺》给它贴上了“炽热的亲密关系研究”的标签。导演柯西胥更多的是知名于他那些描述法国移民的坚毅、颇具魅力的电影(《躲闪》、《谷子和鲻鱼》),而他的新作品在很多方面也都紧贴潮流:淫秽电影、近景拍摄、欢庆独立与、两名白人女主角而民族仅作为附加部分。他对于北非的感受力,让现在的他成为了法国电影史成就的一部分。 /201306/244238淮安超导人流手术哪家医院好 淮安治疗前列腺增生需要多少钱

淮安清浦区肛肠科In books and movies like Call of the Wild, huge, vicious huskies pull sleds for hundreds of miles over the Alaskan tundra. A Moment of Science wonders, what kind of dogs are sled dogs?在书里或者在像《野性的呼唤》之类的电影里,巨型凶猛的哈士奇在阿拉斯加的冻原上可驰骋数百英里。《科学一刻》栏目想知道,到底什么样的是雪橇呢?Most champion sled dogs are not pure husky: in fact, the “Alaskan Husky” isn’t really a breed at all: it’s a mix of various breeds. Although not pure bred, every sled dog must be carefully bred for life on the trail.大多数冠军雪橇都不是纯种哈士奇:事实上,所谓的“阿拉斯加哈士奇”根本就不是一个品种,而是由多个品种杂交而成。尽管并非纯种,每条雪橇在其拉雪橇的生涯中都需精心喂养。The dogs need heavy coats to protect them from the cold, and tough feet to prevent injuries. Unlike the tough dogs in the movies, dogs with softer feet wear booties when they run.们需穿戴厚重的保暖以免受寒,以及拥有强健的足部以防止受伤。与电影里面强壮的不同, 足部柔软的在奔跑时会穿上短靴。The dogs also need compact bodies to maximize endurance. The sled dogs’ remarkable endurance is thanks to their large heart-to-body ratio, and their ability to carry oxygen from the lungs to the muscles, which is about three times that of a human being们需要结实的身躯以使自身耐力最大化。雪橇耐力持久,主要是因为它们的心脏对比其身体而言相当之大,并且它们将肺部的氧气供给给肌肉的能力是人类的三倍。On film, large dogs seem powerful, but their size decreases their ability to use oxygen efficiently. In competitive dog-sledding, dogs usually weigh less than 55 pounds and can comfortably trot over 70 miles a day.在电影里,体型巨大的看起来很强壮,而事实上它们的体型弱化了它们利用氧气的能力。在雪橇竞技当中,通常体重在55磅以下的每天能够轻松地慢跑70英里。A sled dog also needs the right temperament. They must love running and be sociable and obedient. Like wild dogs, each team has a hierarchy, but the dogs struggle for position by taking aggressive or submissive postures such as squealing and rolling. Real dogfights are rare because the dogs are carefully introduced and trained before going out on the trail.雪橇需性情温和。他们必须热爱奔跑,温顺友好。正如野一样,每个群都有头,但是们通过极具侵略性的长吠或者表达顺从的滚地等动作来获取位置。们混战的机率较小,因为在进入雪橇队之前他们就已经受到了良好的引导和训练。The careful crossing of northern dogs, like Malamutes, with southern breeds like Greyhounds produces dogs with the right stuff to be sled dogs.北方的爱斯基与南方品种如长腿猎等交配得当,那么他们的后代将具备成为雪橇的优良基因。 /201306/245609 淮安区割痔疮多少钱淮安医院做人流要多少钱

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