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郴州包皮环切手术哪家医院比较好39助手

2020年01月25日 22:24:24|来源:国际在线|编辑:安心在线
Fujifilm used its capabilities in chemistry, material science and optics to diversify into a number of areas,富士胶片运用了自己在化学、材料科学和光学上的造诣,将自己的涉及领域多样化ranging from cosmetics to pharmaceuticals, to medical systems to biomaterials.从化妆品到医药,到医学系统、到生物材料Some of these diversification attempts failed.有一些多样化的尝试失败了But in aggregate, it was able to adapt its portfolio sufficiently to survive and flourish.但是总体来说,它能够充足地转换自己的组合,从而幸存并且繁荣As the CEO, Mr. Komori, put it,就像其CEOKomori先生说的the strategy succeeded because it had ;more pockets and drawers; than the rivals.这种策略之所以成功是因为它比同行有更多的“口袋”和“抽屉”He meant, of course, that they were able to create more options than the rivals.他的意思当然是他们比同行创造了更多的选择空间Fujifilm survived because it applied the principles of prudence, diversity and adaptation.富士胶片存活了下来,因为它采用了这些规律:精准、多样化和适应能力A catastrophic factory fire, like the one we see here, completely wiped out, in one evening,像我们看到的这张图,一场灾难性的工厂大火在一个晚上完全地摧毁了the only plant which supplied Toyota with valves for car-braking systems.为丰田刹车系统提供阀门的唯一一个工厂The ultimate test of resilience. Car production ground to a screeching halt.这是对抗压能力的终极考验。汽车生产进入了中断How was it, then, that Toyota was able to recover car production?之后怎么样了呢?丰田是否能重整旗鼓恢复汽车生产?Can you imagine how long it took? Just five days.你能想象这花了多长时间吗?仅仅只有五天From having no braking valves to complete recovery in five days. How was this possible?从没有刹车阀门到完全恢复生产只用了五天时间。这怎么可能呢?201612/484263

[这部分对话对话发生在母亲与儿子、父亲与女儿、母亲与准女婿以及夫妻之间。对话的情绪复杂,语言有些琐碎,场景多为家庭的餐桌上,因为这往往是一家人聚在一起的最佳时光。]The Coming of Relatives亲戚的到来What’s Cooking《感恩节盛宴》 感恩节,亲戚来访,门铃响了,一家人赶紧迎上前,免不了寒暄一阵……Mother: Hello, it’s good to see you.Man: Well, was the traffic bad or…Mother: OK. I know you like my ... Aunt: Hey, oh, Rachel, honey, you look great.Daughter: Oh, thank you.Aunt: Doesn’t she look beautiful?Man: Just like a movie star.Daughter: Thank you. Good to see you.Carla: Hello.Aunt: Is this your roommate?Daughter: This is Carla.Carla: Carla.Aunt: Oh, Carla, nice to meet you.Carla: Nice to meet you too.母亲:嗨,见到你真高兴。男人:哦,如果交通顺畅的话……母亲:是啊。我知道你喜欢我的……姑姑:嘿,哦,拉歇尔,你气色很好。女儿:哦,谢谢。姑姑:她看上去很漂亮,是不是?男人:就象是电影明星。女儿:谢谢。很高兴见到你。卡拉:你好。姑姑:这是你的室友?女儿:这是卡拉。卡拉:卡拉。姑姑:哦,卡拉,很高兴认识你。卡拉:我也很高兴认识你。 /200603/5375

「美国习惯用语」第十一讲The shoe is on the other foot To work hand in glove美国的成语或俗语和其他语言一样同生活中的各个方面有关。有一些和食品有关,有的来自扑克牌游戏,还有的和穿着有联系。今天我们要讲的两个习惯用语是和鞋子、手套有关系的。首先,我们要介绍的是“The shoe is on the other foot”。 The shoe is on the other foot的意思是:形势已经完全不同了。下面这个例子就能够说明the shoe is on the other foot在日常会话中是怎么用的: 例句-1: "Back in school we made fun of Jones because we thought he spent too much time studying instead of having fun. Now the shoe is on the other foot -- he's made lots of money and the rest of us are just barely making enough to feed our families."这句话翻成中文就是说:“以前在学校里念书的时候,我们老是笑话琼斯,认为他这个人老是念书,不会玩。可是,现在情况就完全不同了。他赚了不少钱,而我们这些人的收入只够维持家计而已。” 下面的一个例子是一个球迷在夸耀当地的棒球队: 例句-2: "For the last ten years the Tigers have been the worst team in the league: we've finished down at the bottom. But now the shoe is on the other foot: we have all these good young players and we're beating everybody else in the whole league."这句话的意思是:“我们这个地方的球队老虎队十年前是参加联赛的所有球队中最次的一个,比赛结果老是最后一名。现在可不同了。我们球队的队员都很年轻,球艺也好。他们把其他球队一个个全打败了。” 现在我们来讲一个和手套有关的习惯用语: To work hand in gloveTo work hand in glove的意思是密切合作。我们来举个例子吧: 例句-3: "The local police are working hand in glove with the FBI to find the bank robbers."这是说:“当地的警察正在和联邦调查局密切合作设法找到那些抢劫的罪犯。” Hand in glove这个词汇也经常用在反面的场合,形容一些人合谋犯罪等。下面就是一个例子: 例句-4: "I in the paper about this customs officer they arrested at the airport. They caught him working hand in glove with a gang of smugglers to bring diamonds into the country without paying duty."这个人说:“我在报纸上看到有关那个在机场被逮捕的海关官员的消息。他们发现他和一些走私者密切合作,把钻石带进来而不缴关税。” 上面我们讲了两个美国人常用的词汇。第一个是 the shoe is on the other foot,这是指情况完全不同的意思。另外一个是 to work hand in glove,这是密切合作的意思。 /200601/2966

In my lab, we recently made a cancer nanodetector在我的实验室,我们最近研制出了一种癌症纳米检测器,that is so small that it could travel into the body and look for tumors.小到可以进入全身血液循环并寻找肿瘤。We designed it to listen for tumor invasion:我们设计它用于监听肿瘤的侵袭:the orchestra of chemical signals that tumors need to make to sp.即肿瘤扩散所需要的化学信号。For a tumor to break out of the tissue that its born in,一个肿瘤冲破包围它的组织时,it has to make chemicals called enzymes to chew through the scaffolding of tissues.它需要产生一种叫做酶的化学物质,来分解组织的组成结构。We designed these nanoparticles to be activated by these enzymes.我们设计了这些会被酶激发的纳米颗粒。One enzyme can activate a thousand of these chemical reactions in an hour.一个酶每小时可激发一千个这种化学反应。Now in engineering, we call that one-to-a-thousand ratio a form of amplification,用工程术语来描述的话,我们叫它1比1000的放大比例,and it makes something ultrasensitive.这就形成了一种超级灵敏的东西。So weve made an ultrasensitive cancer detector.所以我们已经做了一个超灵敏的癌症检测器。OK, but how do I get this activated signal to the outside world, where I can act on it?好的,但我如何把这激发信号传递到外界,好方便对其进行分析呢?For this, were going to use one more piece of nanoscale biology, and that has to do with the kidney.针对这个问题,我们将采用另一项纳米生物技术,与肾脏有关。The kidney is a filter.肾脏就是一个过滤装置。Its job is to filter out the blood and put waste into the urine.它的工作是把血液中的废物,过滤出来形成尿液。It turns out that what the kidney filters is also dependent on size.事实发现肾脏的过滤系统也是依据(过滤物的)大小。So in this image, what you can see is that everything smaller than five nanometers所以在这个图中,你可以看到所有小于5纳米的东西is going from the blood, through the kidney, into the urine,都会从血液穿过肾,变成尿液,and everything else thats bigger is retained.其他所有更大尺寸的会留下来。OK, so if I make a 100-nanometer cancer detector,好,那如果我制造一个100纳米的癌症检测装置,I inject it in the bloodstream,注射到血流中,it can leak into the tumor where its activated by tumor enzymes to release a small signal它可以渗漏到肿瘤,并被肿瘤的酶激发,释放出很小的信号,that is small enough to be filtered out of the kidney and put into the urine,小到可以被肾脏过滤出来并进入尿液中。I have a signal in the outside world that I can detect.我就有了一个可以在体外探测到的信号。OK, but theres one more problem.好,但是还有另一个问题。This is a tiny little signal, so how do I detect it?这是个小而微弱的信号,我怎么来检测它?Well, the signal is just a molecule.实际上,信号就是一个分子。Theyre molecules that we designed as engineers.它们是我们作为工程师设计的分子。Theyre completely synthetic, and we can design them它们完全人工合成并且我们可以设计它们,so they are compatible with our tool of choice.所以它们和我们选用的工具相匹配。If we want to use a really sensitive, fancy instrument called a mass spectrometer,如果我们想使用一种非常灵敏先进的仪器叫做质谱仪,then we make a molecule with a unique mass.那我们可以让这个分子有一个独特的质量。Or maybe we want make something thats more inexpensive and portable.或者我们也许想要研制出一种更加便宜和便于携带的分析方式。Then we make molecules that we can trap on paper, like a pregnancy test.那我们就制造出可以滞留在纸上的分子,就像测试纸。In fact, theres a whole world of paper tests实际上试纸的应用已经非常广泛,that are becoming available in a field called paper diagnostics.以至于专门形成了试纸诊断领域。201607/455846

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