时间:2020年02月17日 18:47:42

栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghai#39;s English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。 Article/201505/375501

Off the coast of modern-day Gabon,在今天的加蓬海岸(非洲中西部国家)Hanno records another extraordinary encounter:汉诺记录下了另一个奇遇:;There was an island full of wild men and women.;这个小岛上 住满了野人;They had hairy bodies.;他们浑身浓毛;Our interpreters called them #39;Gorillae#39;.;;我们的翻译官将他们称之为#39;猿人#39; ;Two and a half thousand years before darwin,早于达尔文两千五百年Phoenician explorers recognize the great apes腓尼基的探索者便将大猩猩视为As our distant cousins.我们的远房亲戚The phoenicians create colonies across the Mediterranean world,腓尼基人的殖民地遍布整个地中海地区Sping trade and ideas他们将贸易和思想To Lebanon, Tunisia, Cyprus, Sicily,传到了黎巴嫩 突尼斯 塞浦路斯 西西里And the Island of Ibiza.以及伊比沙岛As they expand, so does knowledge of the alphabet.在扩张的同时 字母体系也得以传播开来And amongst a group of exiles in the city of Babylon,而对于一群身处巴比伦的流放者而言It becomes the key to creating a book字母体系成为了创作一本书的关键That will shape the story of mankind:这本书塑造了人类历史The Bible.它就是《圣经》 Article/201509/401500

TED演讲视频:历史中的数学数学能解释历史么?让-巴蒂斯特·米歇尔在这篇演讲中告诉我们:不仅能,事实上数学可以用来解释很多历史规律。从语言的变迁到战争的伤亡,他向我们展示了数字化存储的历史记录正在逐渐帮助我们深化对历史规律的理解。 Article/201703/500678

Some of them will have...他们中的一些人将会有a risk-drinking pattern酗酒的危险perhaps even be dependent aly.也许甚至已经在酗酒了Then we can move back and say然后我们才可能返回来说;OK this could have predicted it.;那么这是可能预测到的Understanding exactly who will turn to drink要想确切弄明白 谁将来可能会酗酒is a complicated question是件很复杂的问题but the one thing I know as an addiction expert is但作为一个戒瘾专家 我知道的是that whichever drug people choose不管人们选择什么毒品their relationship with it will change.他们与它的关系都会变化We are all capable of slipping into a serious drinking problem.我们都可能陷入严重酗酒的麻烦中I didn#39;t want my alcohol in the morning我早上不想喝酒but come lunch time... Let#39;s go have a drink.但是午餐时间一到 就要去喝一杯Must have a drink.必须得喝一杯Your body starts getting accustomed你的身体已经习惯了to having a certain time of the day when you will drink.在每天的特定时刻就要喝酒Even though you say即使你这里有意识地对自己说;No no no ;;不 不 不;consciously up there its waiting for that time to come.但身体在等待饮酒时刻的到来From what I know with other addictions我从其他的上瘾者得知people will quietly start人们不知不觉地开始to organise their life around their access to the drug.将毒品引入他们的生活重点解释:1.capable of 能够例句:Show your teacher what you are capable of.向你的老师表现出你的才能。2.get accustomed to 适应例句:You will soon get accustomed to the climate here.你会很快习惯这里的气候的。3.wait for 等候; 等待例句:She has impatience to wait for the bus.她没有耐心等公共汽车到来。 Article/201508/393040

5 different bacteria have been studied and现在正在研究五种细菌和它们的功能have known functions in the mouth, they include;它们包括:streptococcus mutans, pophyromonas gingivalis,变异链球菌,牙龈卟啉单胞菌capnocytophaga gingivalis, prevotella melaninogenica,牙龈二氧化碳嗜纤维菌,产黑普氏菌streptococcus mitis. These bacterial species have been缓症链球菌found in higher concentrations with certain diseases.在某种疾病的高浓聚物里已经发现了细菌Also candida albicans, a type of yeast, has been found白色念珠菌,是一种酵母,已经在口腔里in the oral cavity and could have a role in oral发现了,在口腔癌里也起到了作用cancer.The first is streptococcus mutans which has首先发现的是变异链球菌,可能引起蛀牙been found to cause tooth decay. These bacteria digest这些细菌消化食物中的糖和淀粉the sugars and starches in foods and produce acids产生溶解牙釉质的酸which dissolve tooth enamel. When sucrose is present当蔗糖出现时plaque formation is increased by this bacteria thus这种细菌就会增加空斑的形成,因此a diet lower in table sugar is better for less plaque在饮食中降低蔗糖,对减少菌斑形成很有益formation.The second bacteria has been found to be第二种细菌和牙周病associated with periodontal or gum disease.牙龈病有关High levels found in adult periodontistis legions成人牙周病很严重很普遍,以及很高的as well as a high pathogenic potential make this潜在致病性使得这种细菌bacteria the main pathogen in periodontal diseases.成为牙周病主要的病原体There are many different strains of this bacteria that这种细菌有许多种不同的菌株正在被研究are being studied. This is one reason why keeping the这也是为什么保持口腔干净健康成为阻止oral cavity clean and healthy is important to keep这些细菌繁殖和形成新株种的these bacteria from reproducing and forming new strands.重要原因之一3 other bacteria have also been studied, during a还有三种其他的细菌也正在被研究study done to determine the relationship between在一个决定唾液腺细菌和口腔癌症关系的salivary microbes and oral cancer these 3 bacteria were研究过程中,发现这三种细菌found in much higher levels in oral cancer patients存在于口腔癌症患者中than those without oral cancer. The study looked at远多于那些没有患口腔癌症的患者40 different bacteria but these 3 showed signs of a这项研究观察了40多种不同的细菌relationship. The increased numbers of these 3但是这三种细菌显示了它们之间的关系bacteria predicted 80% of oral cancer cases among这三种增加的细菌预示了在那些测试者中those tested. As a result there could be a link between有80%的口腔癌病例,因此the bacteria in the mouth and cancer occurrence.口腔细菌和患癌之间是有联系的This technique of measuring the bacteria in the mouth这项衡量口腔细菌的技术could become a diagnostic indicator of oral cancer.将会成为口腔癌的诊断指标Lastly candida albicans is a type of yeast that has最后,白色念珠菌成为在口腔被发现的been found in the oral cavity. Many of these strains酵母菌的一种,许多这种菌株are resistant to anti fungal agents. It has been found都抵抗抗真菌药,比起在健康的口腔to be more prevalent in cancer cases rather than癌症案例中这种菌株更为普遍healthy mouths. This yeast may invade the oral这种酵母菌可能会入侵口腔上皮细胞epithelium and may be involved in oral luekoplakia.也可能涉及口腔黏膜白斑病Candidal leukoplakias have been found to develop in 9现在已经发现念珠菌白斑在口腔癌病例中to 40% of oral cancer cases however the exact从9%增值到40%,然而mechanisms by which they work are not fully它们具体是依靠什么机理如何起作用的understood. So what exactly is oral cancer and who is所以,具体什么是口腔癌,谁有风险患癌at risk? What are common signs and symptoms? How is it主要的迹象和症状是什么,它是如何诊断diagnosed and treated and finally what are some ways治疗的,最后,如何预防它,我们还没有to prevent it? To begin, roughly 30000 Americans are完全明白,开始,每年大约有3000名diagnosed with oral cancer every year. This year alone美国人被诊断出口腔癌,仅今年一年就有there have been 39400 new cases and 7900 deaths. There39400例新案例和7900例死亡病例are between 350000 and 400000 new cases diagnosed全世界每年大约有35万到40万例新案例worldwide each year as well. 5 year survival rates for口腔癌五年以上的存活率很低oral cancer are very low, around 54% because of the大约只有54% ,因为在癌症转移difficulty to detect before the cancer has metastasized或者扩散之前就检测出来太困难了or sp. Oral cancer kills one person every hour口腔癌每小时就能杀死一个人which is greater than the cancers of the cervix, brain,这比子宫癌、脑癌、子房癌、睾丸癌、肝癌ovary, testes, liver, kidney, malignant melanoma or肾癌 、恶性黑色素瘤以及淋巴癌都要高Hodgkin#39;s Lymphoma. More importantly incidents更重要的是,在美国和世界范围内in young adults is increasing in both the US and青年人患癌也在增加,因此worldwide so this is a very serious disease.这是一种非常严重的疾病 Article/201501/353339

文章编辑: 安新闻