昆山市第六人民医院治疗内分泌多少钱赶集对话

来源:搜狐娱乐
原标题: 昆山市第六人民医院治疗内分泌多少钱快乐优惠
Of all the tales about the Loch Ness Monster, it must be one of the most unlikely – an English plot to kidnap the beast and display its carcass in London. But back in the 1930s the Scots feared that such a thing was all too possible, according to newly revealed papers, and fought to ensure she stayed north of the border. The Scottish Office opened a file on Nessie in December 1933 after being bombarded with inquiries following sightings that year.在所有关于尼斯湖水怪的故事中,这恐怕是最荒诞的一个了:英格兰计划劫持尼斯湖水怪并在伦敦展出它的遗骸。但据最新公布的资料显示,在20世纪30年代,苏格兰人对此深信不疑,并努力争取水怪继续留在苏格兰。苏格兰当局公布了一份1933年12月的尼斯湖水怪文件。同年发现水怪后,人们不断要求进行调查。And similar files have also been found at the Natural History Museum in London, with the contents describing Scotland’s fears that Nessie should not be allowed to find its last resting place in England after a bounty was placed on the monster’s head.在位于伦敦的国家历史物馆里也发现了类似的文献记载,描述了苏格兰人得知对水怪的悬赏后,担心它的尸体会被带到英格兰。The documents also reveal that many years later Prince Philip even suggested calling in the Royal Navy to search for the creature. By 1934 both the Natural History Museum in London and the Royal Scottish Museum in Edinburgh wanted Nessie.文件还披露多年后有人建议菲利浦亲王召集皇家海军寻找水怪。截至1934年位于伦敦的国家历史物馆和位于爱丁堡的苏格兰皇家物馆都想得到尼斯湖水怪。But while Scotland hoped that the bounty hunters could be kept at bay long enough to get new laws passed to protect her, London preferred her shot on sight. In March 1934 an unnamed official at the National History Museum made no bones about how he thought bounty hunters should deal with the creature.虽然苏格兰方面希望在保护水怪的相关法律通过之前赏金猎人们不要找到水怪,但伦敦方面却想尽快亲眼看到水怪被射杀的场面。1934年3月一位不愿透露姓名的国家历史物馆官员大谈特谈了他对猎人们应该如何处置水怪的想法。The files show he said: ‘Should you ever come within range of the “monster” I hope you will not be deterred by any humanitarian considerations from shooting him on the spot and sending the carcass to us in cold storage, carriage forward. Short of this, a flipper, a jaw or a tooth would be very welcome.根据文献记载他当时说:“如果你发现了水怪,我希望你不要被任何人道主义思想影响而放弃射杀水怪,完成射杀后请把冷藏中的水怪尸体运给我们,运费将由我们付。如果没有水怪尸体,水怪的鳍、颌或牙齿我们也很感兴趣。According to more documents found in Edinburgh, pressure was aly growing for a special Act of Parliament to prevent Nessie being killed or captured. The campaign was led by Inverness MP Murdoch MacDonald, who assured the Scottish Secretary Sir Godfrey Collins the creature was no myth.随后人们在爱丁堡发现了大量的相关文献报道,文献显示当时越来越多的媒体开始呼吁议会推出特别法案保护水怪免于捉捕和射杀。该项倡议活动由因弗内斯议员默多克#8226;麦克唐纳领导,他曾向苏格兰事务大臣柯林斯爵士保水怪并非是传言中伤人的怪物。Evidence of its presence can be taken as undoubted. Far too many people have seen something abnormal to question its existence,’ he wrote. He demanded a Bill be put before Parliament to protect the creature, but Sir Godfrey advised there was ‘no law for the protection of monsters.水怪存在的据毋庸置疑,有太多的人目睹了明水怪存在的异常现象,默多克这样写道。默多克要求在议会明确保护水怪前应先推出相关法案,但柯林斯爵士却表示至今为止还没有为保护怪物制定过相关法律。The Royal Scottish Museum wrote to Sir Godfrey staking Edinburgh’s claim to the carcass. ‘The museum urges strongly that the RSM have the reversionary rights to the “monster” if and when its corpse should become available,’ the letter said.苏格兰皇家物馆还特地给柯林斯爵士写了信强调苏格兰对水怪遗骸的所有权。如果射杀成功苏格兰皇家物馆对水怪的尸体拥有保管权。Natural History Museum files from the 1960s also state that when approached by a Tory MP, David James, who was ‘obsessed’ with Nessie, Prince Philip encouraged him to contact the Royal Navy for assistance.国家历史物馆里记录于20世纪60年代的文献显示当接触沉迷于尼斯湖水怪的保守党大卫#8226;詹姆斯时,菲利浦亲王鼓励他要多接触皇家海军以获取皇家海军的帮助。The revelations are made by author David Clarke in his book Britain’s X-traordinary Files. He said: ‘During the 1930s … Nessie had become a Scottish icon, a symbol of national identity. There was genuine outrage at the possibility that the corpse of the monster might be taken for display in London.大卫#8226;克拉克在其新书《英国特别档案》中记录了苏格兰人对水怪所有权的重视。他说:“20世纪30年代尼斯湖水怪已经成为苏格兰的标志是国家身份的象征。人们对可能在伦敦展出水怪尸体表示极大的愤慨。 /201411/341972Clothing might be the base of any woman#39;s outfit, but accessories are just as important when it comes to expressing an eye-popping style.装也许是每个女人穿搭的基础,但若要穿得引人注目,配饰就变得必不可少了。;Accessories are important and becoming more and more important every day. They can completely change the look of an outfit,; CNN es celebrated Italian fashion designer Giorgio Armani as saying.美国有线电视新闻网CNN引用意大利著名时尚设计师乔治#8226;阿玛尼的观点称:“配饰很重要,而且如今日益重要。因为它们可以让一套装看上去焕然一新。”Make sure you up on this season#39;s essential outfit accessories before investing your bucks to get geared up.在考虑该购置哪些时尚装备之前,先来研读本季的基础款配饰指南吧! /201505/375243

A new debate has broken out between some of the world#39;s top Shakespeare experts over whether the playwright#39;s sonnets prove he was attracted to men.在世界顶级莎士比亚学者中间,一个新的舆论炸开了锅:这位剧作家的十四行诗是不是在暗示他被男性所吸引着?Sir Brian Vickers, a visiting professor at University College London, began the row by condemning a book review which suggested Sonnet 116 appears in a #39;primarily homosexual context#39;伦敦大学学院的客座教授布莱恩·威克斯爵士第一个对此论调提出怀疑,他抨击了一本解读莎士比亚十四行诗的第116首“首先是一个同性恋文本”的书评。In a letter to the Times Literary Supplement, he said the claim was #39;anachronistic#39; because scholars now accept there were forms of rhetoric that allowed men to express love without implying sexual attraction.在写给《泰晤士报文学增刊》的信中,他说道,因为如今学者都承认,在不表明性向的时候,有一些特定的修辞用来表达对男性的爱意,这种论调是“不合时宜的”。He also said that any attempt to find biographical information in the sonnets was doomed because Shakespeare was a professional who wrote under the identity of a #39;poet-persona#39;.他也说道,任何试图在十四行诗中寻找传记信息的企图都是注定失败的,因为莎士比亚是个专业的带着“诗人面具”写作的人。Fellow academics have since hit back at Mr Vickers#39; comments, accusing him of promoting #39;one of the great fallacies of modern Shakespeare criticism#39;.随后的一些学者开始攻击威克斯的论调,指控他在传播“一个现代莎士比亚界的大谬误”。Scholar Arthur Freeman, who described himself as a #39;friendly acquaintance#39; of Mr Vickers when responding to him via the letters page, accused him of introducing #39;presuppositions that many of us would question, if not reject out of hand#39;.亚瑟·弗里曼学者,声称自己是威克斯先生的“友人”,在信上指控他“再不住手的话,我们都要对你的假设提出怀疑了”。He wrote: #39;I cannot think of any responsible editor ... who would dismiss the premise of homosexual, as well as heterosexual passion pervading [the sonnets].他写道:“我不能想到任何一位有责任的编辑……在读着这些弥漫了异性恋热情的十四行诗时,会对同性恋这个前提置之不理。#39;Why should Shakespeare alone be thought so committed to the ;negative capability; of his dramatic craft that all his most personal writings are treated as potentially artificial?“为什么莎士比亚所有个人作品都要被认定有人工合成的可能性,并他这些戏剧性的作品被认为是拥有了“消极的才能”?‘And even if we insist on regarding the sonnets, wholly or in part, as a kind of long-term dramatic narrative ... why on earth would Shakespeare choose so often to impersonate a pathetically ageing, balding, lame and vulnerable bisexual suitor, abjectly whingeing about rejection and betrayal — unless the self-humiliation that surfaces again and again through these particulars were both genuine and cathartic?#39;“而且即使我们这么认定他的十四行诗(全部或部分),作为一种长时间的充满戏剧性的叙事……究竟为何莎士比亚要选择如此频繁的去扮演一个可悲的,秃着头,跛着脚,脆弱且垂垂老矣的双性恋的起诉人,悲惨地抱怨着拒绝和背叛——除非通过这些细节可以看出其一次又一次浮出水面的自卑情结,是真实可信的。”Mr Vickers responded by saying he could not stop people from speculating, adding: #39;Thought is free.威克斯先生回应道,他不能阻止人们的猜想,并补充道:“一千人心中有一千个哈姆雷特。#39;But if you fix these codes and then say that his 126 poems are like this, then people stop ing them as poems. They them as biographical documents, looking for imputed sexuality.#39;“但是如果你纠结于这些暗示,并且认定他的126首诗都是如此,那么人们就不会把他的诗当作诗,而是作为传记文献开始寻找性向的蛛丝马迹。”Although there are few references to anything other than noble love, some sonnets appear more explicit than others.虽然描写高尚爱情的文献没有很多,一些十四行诗显露的还是比其他要明显。Sonnet 20 is largely interpreted as being dedicated to a man, declaring: #39;A woman#39;s face with nature#39;s own hand painted / Hast thou, the master mistress of my passion.#39;十四行诗第20首,很普遍的被认为是专写给男人的,其写道:“造物手绘你女性的脸庞-你是我钟爱的娇娇檀郎!”In 2012, Shakespearean actor Sir Ian McKellen boldly announced that there was absolutely #39;no doubt#39; the bard was bisexual.在2012年,扮演莎士比亚的演员伊恩·麦克莱恩爵士大胆宣称,“毫无疑问”这位吟游诗人是双性恋。The 75-year-old thespian said he came to his conclusion after studying the English poet#39;s work.这位75岁高龄的演员声称自己在研究这位英国诗人的巨作后得出了这个结论。At the time, he said: #39;I#39;d say Shakespeare slept with men.当时他说道:“我敢说他肯定和男人睡过。#39;The Merchant of Venice, centering on how the world treats gays as well as Jews, has a love triangle between an older man, younger man and a woman.“在《商人》中,其宗旨放在说明全世界怎样像对待犹太人一样对待同性恋,且在一个老人,一个青年和一个女人中存在三角关系。#39;And the complexity in his comedies with cross-dressing and disguises is immense.’“而且在他的喜剧中异装癖和化妆非常常见。” /201412/347536The legend of the Dragon Boat Festival端午节的传说故事1.Qu Yuan jumped off river屈原投江In order to commemorate patriotic poet Qu Yuan who jumped into the Miluo river, and avoid his body to be eaten by fish and shrimp, so people cast many of bamboo rice (rice dumplings) in the river, and compete to row (acetate ship) hoping to find the body of Qu yuan.为了纪念爱国诗人屈原,居民为了不让跳下汨罗江的屈原尸体被鱼虾吃掉,所以在江里投下许多用竹叶包裹的米食(粽子),并且竞相划船(赛龙船)希望找到屈原的尸体。2.Cao E looked for her father’s corpse曹娥寻父尸Cao E, dutiful girl of the eastern Han dynasty, whose father drowned in the river when she was 14-year old. She cried along the river, still didn’t see his father’s corpse after 17 days, and she jumped into the river on May 1st as well, after five days the two corpses folded together and float. That was a moving story, so people in the township worship her.东汉孝女曹娥,因曹父溺江而亡,年仅十四岁的她沿江豪哭,经十七日仍不见曹父尸首,乃在五月一日投江,五日后两尸合抱而浮起的感人事迹, 乡人群而祭之。3.Madam White Snake白蛇传The legend of white snake Bai Suzhen, in order to repay Xu Xian , fell in love with him and finally got married. On the day of the Dragon Boat Festival white snake drink realgar wine, almost reveal herself snakelike, and among the white snake, Fa Hai and water logging Jinshan temple , are popular folk opera repertoire.传说白蛇白素贞,为了报答许仙的恩惠,与许仙结为夫妻的凄美的爱情故事。端午节当天白蛇喝了雄黄酒,差点现出蛇形,加上法海白蛇及水淹金山寺的情节,都是脍炙人口的民间戏曲的曲目。4.Wu Zixu#39;s death anniversary伍子胥的忌日It’s a legend that after He Lu ,the king of Wu died , the prince Fuchai ascended the throne, send armed forces to suppress Yue and won. Goujian ,the king of Yue please reconciliation , Fuchai didn’t listen but agreed treacherous official and judged Wu Zixu commit suicide. And jumped his body into river on May 5, since then people commemorated him on Dragon Boat Festival.传说伍子胥助吴伐楚后,吴王阖闾逝世,皇子夫差继位,伐越大胜,越王勾践请和,伍子胥主张和,夫差不听,却听信奸臣言,赐伍子胥自杀,并于于五月五日将尸体投入江中,此后人们于端午节祭祀伍子胥。 /201506/381331

An elegant pair of heels can seem the perfect way to complete a smart outfit.一双优雅的高跟鞋能为一身时髦的衣着锦上添花。But women who wear them too often may find the downsides soon outweigh the benefits – as research shows they can cause a potentially harmful imbalance in the feet.但女性过多穿高跟鞋也许弊大于利。研究表明,高跟鞋会导致足部肌肉失衡,而这种失衡有潜在危害性。Scientists examined the effect of the footwear on women who don high heels regularly for work.科学家们研究了那些日常工作穿高跟鞋的女性受到的影响。They found that despite initially strengthening important muscles around the ankle, after three years the shoes led to some muscles becoming dominant – increasing the risk of sprains.他们发现,尽管一开始高跟鞋使脚踝周围重要的肌肉变得强壮, 但3年后,它们会导致一些肌肉过于强健,无形中增加了扭伤的风险。#39;As high heels are in fashion and sometimes required for certain professions, many women may be unaware of the extent to which [the shoes] may be weakening their dynamic balance,#39; said Dr Yong-Seok Jee, from Hanseo University in South Korea.韩国韩瑞大学的季永颂士说:“穿高跟鞋是一种时尚,有时候穿高跟鞋也是出于职业要求,许多女性也许没有察觉到穿高跟鞋会一定程度上削弱她们的动态平衡。”#39;Eventually, major accidents such as falls and serious ankle sprains can result without proper maintenance and conditioning.#39;“最终,在缺乏适当保养和调节情况下,摔倒和严重的脚踝扭伤等一类的严重状况都有可能发生。”Dr Jee#39;s team studied 40 professional women who wear heels of10cmor higher at least three times a week.季士的小组研究了40名职业女性,她们一周至少穿三次鞋跟在10厘米或以上的高跟鞋。They regularly measured the women#39;s ankle strength, and found that two of the four main muscles started becoming dominant after between one and three years of regular wear.他们定期测量这些女性的脚踝强度,发现在常穿高跟鞋1到3年不等的情况下,四块主要肌肉的两块开始变得凸出。They told the International Journal of Clinical Practice: ‘These results suggest that wearing high heels may strengthen ankle muscles at first, but prolonged use [of more than three years] eventually causes a muscular imbalance – a crucial predictor of ankle injury.#39;他们对《国际临床实践杂志》表示:“这些结果表明,穿高跟鞋可能最初会使踝关节的肌肉变得强壮,但长期穿高跟鞋(超过3年)最终会导致肌平衡失调,而失调可能会引起踝关节损伤。”Deformed feet, back pain and unhealthy walking patterns can all result from wearing heels, Dr Jee added, so it is important for women to take what he describes as ‘preventative measures#39;.季士补充道,足部畸形,背部疼痛和不健康的行走方式均是穿高跟鞋导致的恶果。所以很重要的一点是,女性要采取他所描述的“预防措施”。As well as limiting how often the shoes are worn, Dr Jee recommends ankle-strengthening exercises such as deliberately walking on the heel of the foot with the ball raised, or tapping toes.在限制穿高跟鞋频率的同时,季士推荐加强踝关节的练习,比如故意用脚跟走路,把脚趾部分抬起来,也就是足尖点地那样的方式。Toe tapping involves sitting in a seat with bare feet on the ground and simply lifting the front of the foot, keeping the heel in place.足尖点地,是指我们坐在椅子上,光脚平落地上,抬起前脚掌,脚跟固定不动。#39;It is clinically important for wearers of heels to regularly perform [these] exercises,#39; Dr Jee said.季士说:“从临床方面来讲,穿高跟鞋的人有规律地进行这些练习十分重要。”The damage done by high heels is not only muscular – it can also be cosmetic.穿高跟鞋不仅对肌肉带来危害,还会影响美观。Celebrities#39; feet can often end up looking less than glamorous after years of wearing uncomfortable – but stylish – shoes.在多年穿着时尚但不舒的鞋子以后,名人们的脚看起来通常不如以前美观。The normally elegant Samantha Cameron proved the point during the election campaign in April, when she kicked off her loafers to reveal a patch of worn skin and bony lumps on her big toes.平常典雅大方的萨曼莎·卡梅伦在四月份的英国大选活动中明了这一点。当她踢掉穿着的乐福鞋时,露出来的是磨损的皮肤和脚趾上突出的大骨节。Podiatrist Michael Ratcliffe said at the time the lumps appeared to have been caused by years of irritation, and were ‘generally the result of wearing high heels#39;.足病医生迈克尔·拉特克利夫表示,鼓出来的包块似乎是因为持续数年的发炎造成的,“通常是由穿高跟鞋引起的”。 /201506/379037The isle of Manhattan is small, but bustling. From Chinatown to Little India, there are so many diverse neighborhoods, even micro-neighborhoods, that offer such distinct experiences that it you can turn a corner and feel that you have entered another world. But many New Yorkers would admit that, more broadly, there are two Manhattans: Uptown and Downtown.曼哈顿岛不大,却熙熙攘攘。从唐人街(Chinatown)到小印度(Little India),那里有许许多多不同的社区,甚至是微型社区,生活风貌千差万别,你只要拐个弯,就会觉得自己进入了另一个世界。但是许多纽约客都认为,大体上看,纽约有两个曼哈顿:上城区(Uptown)和下城区(Downtown)。But what separates the two? That might depend on whom you ask. Someone might tell you that Downtown, home to galleries and the Financial District has a certain edge and energy, compared to the polish of Uptown’s parks, museums and posh department stores. But others may have a more literal answer: Downtown Manhattan extends from the southern-most tip of the island, ending at 34th street, while Uptown Manhattan truly begins with Central Park, at 59th street. What is in between? Midtown of course, but that’s another story.但上城区和下城区该如何划分?也许那就得看你问的人是谁了。有些人可能会告诉你,下城区是各大画廊云集之处,而且这个金融行政区(Financial District)有着某种锐气与活力,不同于上城区那些光鲜亮丽的公园、物馆和时尚的百货商店。但其他人可能回答得更实在:曼哈顿下城区起于此岛的最南端,止于34街;而上城区实际上从59街的中央公园(Central Park)开始。那么中间是哪儿呢?当然是中城区(Midtown)啦。不过,那就是另外一回事了。DowntownDowntown/下城区篇 Friday:星期五1. Ground Zero: 3pm1. 参观世贸大厦遗址(Ground Zero):下午3点Visit the place where the World Trade Center’s “Twin Towers” stood before the devastating attacks on September 11, 2001. The 9/11 Museum and Memorial at “Ground Zero” is a 110,000 square foot exhibition space dedicated to those who died in the attacks in Manhattan, at the Pentagon in Washington, DC and on Flight 93. The museum space is divided into three historical exhibitions: before 9/11, the day of the attacks and then life after 9/11. Watch a film called “Rebirth at Ground Zero” in the Education Center to get a first hand account of the space’s journey from the site of severe wreckage to monument to the strength of New York City and America. General admission is for adults and for children, but download the mobile app for a free guide to the memorial. A children’s guide is also available, but be warned if traveling as a family; some of the exhibits about what happened on 9/11 might be tough for children to handle.参观一下在2001年9月11日那场惨绝人寰的袭击发生之前,原世贸中心(World Trade Center)“双子塔”(Twin Towers)的所在地吧。这座位于世贸大厦遗址的物馆与纪念馆,是一处面积11万平方英尺(约10219平方米)的展览空间,用于纪念在那次曼哈顿袭击、华盛顿特区五角大楼以及当时的93次航班上罹祸身亡的人。该物馆分为三个历史展区:9·11之前的面貌、袭击当日的情况,以及9·11之后的生活。参观者还可以在教育中心(Education Center)观看一部影片,名为“世贸大厦遗址的重生”(Rebirth at Ground Zero)。通过这些一手资料,了解该物馆如何从断壁残垣的废墟,变成了见纽约与美国强大力量的纪念碑。普通门票的价格为成人25美元(约合人民币157元),儿童15美元(约合人民币94元),但你可以下载一个免费的纪念馆参观指南手机软件,儿童参观指南也有,但最好全家一起参观,因为关于9·11当天袭击的部分展览内容可能不适宜儿童观看。2. Cocktails and Dinner at Minetta Tavern: 6pm2. 品尝敏奈塔酒馆(Minetta Tavern)的鸡尾酒与晚餐:下午6点Greenwich Village, famously once home to New York’s Beat poets, jazz musicians, artists and Bohemians, is still home to Minetta Tavern, whose old oak bar is perfect for leaning on while sipping a draught or classic cocktail before dinner. The tavern opened in the 1937, but when restaurateur Keith McNally took the reins a few years ago, the place was given new life—though not an entirely new look. After a drink at the bar, slide in to one of the rich red booths in the back for some classic French fair: roasted bone marrow sp on crisp pieces of toasted baguette (), a Mesclun Salad () or Norwegian smoked salmon appetizers () are the perfect precursor to one of the restaurant’s two burger options ( or ) or the Dry Aged C#244;te de Boeuf for two (5).众所周知,格林威治村(Greenwich Village)曾经是“垮掉的一代”诗人、爵士音乐家、艺术家与波西米亚人聚集的地方,现在也仍旧是敏奈塔酒馆的所在地。酒吧里古老的橡木吧台,最适合靠着喝杯小酒或餐前鸡尾酒。这家酒馆从1937年起就开始营业了,但前几年基思麦克纳利餐厅(Keith McNally)的兴起,使这个地方改头换面了,尽管看上去变化并不大。在酒吧里喝过一巡,然后溜到后面一个大红色的摊位上来些经典的法式大排档:香脆烤面包配骨髓酱(21美元[约合人民币132元])、法国蔬菜沙拉(15美元[约合人民币94元])或挪威烟熏三文鱼头盘(20美元[约合人民币125元]),这几道都是最好的餐前开胃菜,搭配该店两款汉堡主食(一款20美元[约合人民币125元],一款28美元[约合人民币176元])中的任意一款都可以,或那道两人份的干式熟成法式牛排(Dry Aged C#244;te de Boeuf,145美元[约合人民币909元])。3. Late Jazz Session at The Blue Note: 10:30pm3. 听听蓝调俱乐部(The Blue Note)的爵士乐:晚上10点半After dinner and a stroll around Washington Square Park and through Greenwich Village, pop in to Blue Note Jazz Club on West 3rd Street. Blue Note, one of the city’s most famous venues for jazz music, features performances at 8pm and 10:30pm nightly with a varying line up that’s sure to please on any evening you happen to wander in. Get there a bit early-- the space is cramped, so be prepared to sit close to those at the table next to you-- and remember it’s all a part of the ambiance. Tickets for 10:30pm sessions range from -45.吃完晚餐,在华盛顿广场公园(Washington Square Park)散散步,然后穿过格林威治村,来到西3街(West 3rd Street)的蓝调爵士俱乐部(Blue Note Jazz Club)。这里是纽约最著名的爵士乐演奏地之一,每晚8点至10点半都有丰富多样的音乐表演,保你不管哪天晚上逛到这里,都会尽兴而归。尽量早点来吧,因为地方太狭小了,所以你得做好准备,尽量与同桌的人坐得近一些,不过别忘了,这也是现场气氛的一部分。10点半的晚场门票从35美元(约合人民币220元)至45美元(约合人民币282元)不等。Saturday:星期六4. Russ and Daughters for Bagel and Schmear: 9am4. 尝尝多斯特餐厅(Russ and Daughters)的百吉饼和奶油芝士:上午9点A hot coffee and a bagel with schmear is a quintessential New York City breakfast and nobody does cream cheese and smoked fish quite like Russ and Daughters specialty grocery on East Houston Street on Manhattan’s Lower East Side. Walk in, grab a ticket and wait for your number to be called while you peruse their array of smoked salmon, white fish, caviars, rugala, fruits, nuts and other sweet treats. Craft your ideal bagel with all of the fixings, or order by the pound ( per pound for Belly Lox, per pound for Gaspe Nova Smoked Salmon) and take it to go. If you’re picking up for a picnic in one of the nearby parks, and caviar is what you crave, there is no shortage of options. This grocery sells a variety of roe and packages of the thin Blini pancakes that make for a classic pairing.一杯热咖啡,和一块加了奶油芝士的百吉饼,就是典型的纽约早餐。但任何一家店的奶油芝士与烟熏鱼都比不上这家位于曼哈顿下东区(Lower East Side)东休斯顿街(East Houston Street)的多斯特餐厅(Russ and Daughters)特色食品店。走进来,取张票,等待叫号的时候,仔细看看店里成排的烟熏三文鱼、白鱼、鱼籽酱、起酥卷、水果、坚果和其他甜品。想想怎么用这些配料来组成你最完美的百吉饼早餐吧,或者按磅买单(熏三文鱼腩[Belly Lox]每磅36美元[约合人民币256元],加斯佩新式烟熏三文鱼[Gaspe Nova Smoked Salmon]每磅40美元[约合人民币251元]),然后带走。如果你正打算去附近的某个公园野餐,要为此买些食物,又特别想吃鱼籽酱,就可以在这里尽情挑选了。这家食品店销售各种各样的鱼籽,还有包装好的薄煎饼皮,正好配成一款经典组合。5. High Line: 11am5. 高线公园(High Line):上午11点On a sunny day, the perfect place to walk off a hearty breakfast is the High Line on the west side. Spanning from Gansevoort Street to West 34th Street between 10th and 12th Avenues, the elevated park was once an out-of –use railway track. Today it’s a popular green space that runs along the Hudson River and through the buzzing Meatpacking and Chelsea neighborhoods. Kiosks selling snacks and beverages will keep kids satisfied along the way and the benches that line the narrow park are perfect for taking a rest or snapping a “selfie” before walking back down to the city streets.要在一个阳光明媚的日子出门散散步,消化一下丰盛的早餐,最好的去处便是西边的高线公园(High Line)了。这座高架公园从甘斯沃尔特街(Gansevoort Street)一直延伸到第十大道(10th Avenues)与十二大道(12th Avenues)间的西34街(West 34th Street),沿着休斯顿河(Hudson River)穿过熙熙攘攘的肉类加工区(Meatpacking)和切尔西(Chelsea)的居住区。这里有许多贩卖零食与饮料的小铺,可以把孩子们一路上哄得心满意足。而且,沿着这座狭窄的公园一字排开的长椅,也很适合游人坐下来休息一会儿,或在走回城市街道之前,来张自拍什么的。6. Lunch at Chelsea Market: 1pm6. 去切尔西市场(Chelsea Market)吃午餐:下午1点There’s something for everyone at Chelsea Market. Under the High Line this food hall style market is chock full of stalls selling everything from flowers to tacos to artisanal cheeses and freshly baked bs. Most of the vendors represent small New York businesses and the market takes up an entire city block (between 15th and 16th streets), so be sure to take a lap around to survey the offerings before deciding what to eat for lunch. It’s a perfect stop after a morning spent walking along the west side, either window shopping or just taking in the breeze from the Hudson River.每个人都会在切尔西市场(Chelsea Market)有所收获。在这个美食广场风格的市场里,挤满了贩售各种东西的小商铺,从鲜花到烤玉米饼,再到手工芝士与新鲜出炉的面包,应有尽有。这里的大多数商贩代表着纽约本地的小行当,而且这个市场占据了一整条街区(在15街与16街之间),所以一定要好好逛一逛。先去每家都看一看,再决定午餐吃些什么。早上无论是走马观花地逛逛街,还是在哈德逊河边吹吹风,在西区散完步后,来这里落脚休息一下是再好不过了。7. The New Museum: 3:00pm7. 参观新物馆(New Museum):下午3点After lunch, head back east for a visit at The New Museum. The contemporary art museum’s 2015 Triennial, titled “Surround Audience,” is in full swing, showcasing more than fifty-one artists from twenty-five countries around the world. The ticket () gives you access to the museum’s five floors of gallery space, plus the Sky Room, which offers a panoramic view of downtown Manhattan. A free, guided tour starts at 3pm.吃过了午餐,往东边走走,去参观一下新物馆(New Museum)吧。在这座现代艺术物馆里,一场名为“围观”(Surround Audience)的2015年度三年展(2015 Triennial)正在如火如荼地进行当中,全世界共有25个国家的超过51名艺术家参展。此次展出的门票(18美元[约合人民币113元])让你可以参观该物馆上下五层的画廊空间,还包括那间空中展室(Sky Room),从那里可以观看曼哈顿下城区的全景。免费的导游务从下午三点开始。8. Dinner at Estela: 7pm8. 在埃斯特拉(Estela)餐厅吃晚餐:晚上7点Once dinnertime rolls around, head to Estela, a small, upstairs restaurant that feels tucked away, even on Houston Street, a main downtown thoroughfare. President Obama and the First Lady dined here last fall on a visit to New York City. If that’s not reason enough to check it out, the wine list is extensive, and the of Mediterranean inspired dishes, like the Burrata with salsa verde and charred b (), are just right for sharing with a group.晚餐时间一到,直奔埃斯特拉吧。这是一家开在楼上的小餐馆,感觉很僻静,即便那里靠着下城区的一条主干道豪斯顿街(Houston Street)。奥巴马总统与第一夫人去年秋天来纽约的时候,曾在这里吃过晚餐。如果这个原因还不足以让你来看看,那么这里还有各式各样的红酒及地中海式菜肴,比如意大利袋形芝士配欧芹酱(Burrata with salsa verde)和碳烤面包(charred b),正好可以多人分享。9. Night Cap at the Bowery Hotel: 10pm9. 在柏威里酒店(Bowery Hotel)饮杯睡前酒:晚上10点The Lobby Bar at The Bowery Hotel keeps many of the high-backed armchairs and the prime seating on perfectly broken in couches reserved for hotel guests. But the hominess of space, which feels like one of the city’s most opulent old living rooms, might be worth price of a suite. There’s a second bar, on the second floor, that’s more expansive and not exclusive to guests. There you’ll find outdoor space that’s just right for one last drink before the Saturday night partying crowd takes over.柏威里酒店里的这家大堂酒吧,为酒店的客人们准备了许多高背扶手椅,以及一些组合沙发。但这里的亲切感就像纽约市某家最豪华的老客厅,也许值得上一套正装的价格。二楼还有一间酒吧,消费更高,而且不只对酒店顾客开放。你可以在那里找个露天的地方坐着,在星期六晚的派对人潮蜂拥而至之前,最后再喝上一杯。 Sunday:星期天10. Down for Dim Sum: 11 am10. 去吃早茶:上午11点Nom Wah Tea Parlor is the city’s oldest dim sum destination. Brunch on Doyers Street will put you in the heart of Chinatown, so after a few orders of Sticky Rice with Chinese Sausage (), the Cilantro and Scallion Rice (.50) or the Taro Dumplings () take a stroll around the vibrant lower Manhattan neighborhood, which is also sometimes called “Two Bridges” on your way toward either of the near by bridges that cross the East River: the Manhattan Bridge or the Brooklyn Bridge. Walking all the way across either one will take you in to Brooklyn, but just making it half way across and looking back provides nice views of downtown and a nice post-meal walk.南华茶楼(Nom Wah Tea Parlor)是纽约市最古老的一家供应早茶的餐厅。在多耶斯街(Doyers Street)享用早午餐时,你就将置身于唐人街的中心地带。所以,吃完中式腊肠糯米饭(4美元[约合人民币25元]),芫荽香葱炒饭(3.5美元[约合人民币22元])或芋头酥(4美元[约合人民币25元])后,就在曼哈顿下城区这片生机勃勃的社区里散散步吧。这里有时候也被称为“双桥”(Two Bridges),因为你往附近走走就会发现,两边各有一座大桥横跨东河(East River):曼哈顿大桥(Manhattan Bridge)与布鲁克林大桥(Brooklyn Bridge)。无论通过哪座桥都可进入布鲁克林区,但走到桥中间时,停下来回头看看,你就能看到美丽的下城区风景。这会是一次愉快的饭后散步活动。Uptown:Uptown/上城区篇Friday星期五1. Row Your Boat: 2:30pm1. 去划船吧:下午2点半The Loeb Boathouse in Central Park opened in 1954 and remains as a landmark in the more than 840-acre green-space. Make your way there and rent a rowboat ( an hour, with a cash deposit). Each boat will fit up to four people, but if your group is larger, gondola rides are available for up to six people ( for half an hour). Afterward, head back to the boathouse for an afternoon snack. There is indoor and outdoor dining, right along the water, as well as an express café, which is open until 5pm daily.中央公园(Central Park)的罗艾柏船屋(Loeb Boathouse)于1954年开业,在这片面积超过840英亩(约340公顷)的绿地中,这座船屋一直是个地标。到那里去租条小船划一划(收费每小时15美元[约合人民币94元],另需再付20美元[约合人民币125元]的押金)。每条船可以搭乘四人,但如果你们人多,可以租一条能坐下六人的贡多拉(每半小时30美元[约合人民币188元])。划完了,再回到船屋里吃些下午的点心。这里有室内就餐区,也有毗邻水边的户外就餐区,还有咖啡外卖务,每天营业至下午5点。2. Madison Avenue Stroll: 4pm2. 在麦迪逊大道(Madison Avenue)散个步:下午4点Exit the park on the east side and walk to Madison Avenue for prime window-shopping. The street was once known for it’s advertising firms, much like the one depicted in the television drama “Mad Men” but today it’s home to some of the city’s most lux retailers. Stroll past the boutiques of Christian Louboutin, Prada, Ralph Lauren and visit one of the most famous department stores in the city: Barney’s New York. If you’re not interested in shopping, head to Fred’s, the restaurant on the 9th floor. As any restaurant that is situated so close to fitting rooms should, it offers several salads-- The Vegan () or a Caesar with chicken (), along with the heartier options like the 5th Street Cuban sandwich ().离开公园的东边,走到麦迪逊大道(Madison Avenue)去看看沿途商店的橱窗。这条大街曾因广告公司云集而出名,像极了美剧《广告狂人》(Mad Men)里的场景。但如今,这里坐落着一批纽约市最奢华的零售商店。你可以一路经过克里斯提·鲁布托(Christian Louboutin)、普拉达(Prada)、拉尔夫·劳伦(Ralph Lauren)等精品店,去看看这座城市最著名的百货商店之一——纽约巴尼斯百货公司(Barney’s New York)。如果你对购物不感兴趣,不妨直奔位于此商场第九层的弗雷德餐厅(Fred’s)。正如所有商场里的餐厅一样,这里有若干种沙拉供应——素食沙拉(19美元[约合人民币119元])或鸡肉凯撒沙拉(27美元[约合人民币169元]),此外还有一些更亲切的食物,如第五街古巴三明治(19美元[约合人民币119元])。3. A Room with a View: 8pm3. 看得见风景的房间:晚上8点For a great panoramic view of Central Park and the surrounding skyscrapers, head to the Mandarin Oriental hotel’s Lobby Lounge for an evening drink. The five star hotel, is in the Time Warner Center on Columbus Circle, and the bar is quiet and sophisticated. There are classic, as well as modern specialty cocktails () on their bar which changes seasonally.为了更好地观赏中央公园的全景,以及周边的都市景观,不妨到文华东方酒店(Mandarin Oriental hotel)的大堂酒廊里喝一杯。这座五星级酒店位于哥伦布环岛(Columbus Circle)的时代华纳中心(Time Warner Center),酒吧非常典雅,也非常安静。这里提供一些经典的酒类饮品,也有一些现代的特调鸡尾酒(22美元[约合人民币138元])。酒吧的饮品单会按季更新。Saturday:星期六4. Better Brunch: 11am4. 更好的早午餐:上午11点For a classic brunch, head back to Central Park. Tavern on The Green reopened last April, after a four-year-long closure. Now renovated, the restaurant, which first opened in 1934, is another iconic Central Park landmark and a nice place to start a spring day with a basket of pastries from Balthazar Bakery () or a stack of buttermilk pancakes (). Feeling indulgent? Add a pitcher of Vermont maple syrup and another of melted butter for pouring ().想要品尝一顿经典的早午餐?回到中央公园来吧。绿苑酒廊(Tavern on The Green)在长达四年的停业后,于去年四月重新开张。这家1934年初次营业的餐厅现已翻修一新,是中央公园里的另一处标志性建筑,也是春日里开始一天生活的好地方。你可以来一篮巴尔萨泽面包房(Balthazar Bakery)的酥皮点心(11美元[约合人民币69元]),或一叠酪乳煎饼(19美元[约合人民币119元])。要任性一点吗?再添一壶佛蒙特州枫糖浆和一份稀黄油,倒在上面吧(9美元[约合人民币56元])。5. Chinese Whispers: 1pm5. 中国风:下午1点This spring the Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Costume Institute and the Department of Asian Art have collaborated for an exhibition called “China: Through the Looking Glass,” on display from May 7 to August 16. The show coincides with the Met Costume Ball, hosted annually by Anna Wintour, the editor-in-chief of Vogue. The party is one of the fashion industry’s biggest nights in New York. Designers and celebrities walk the red carpet in clothes inspired by the exhibit, which consists of couture and traditional Chinese costume, along with painting, film and sculpture. Visit the collection that inspired this year’s theme. A donation to the museum is recommended upon entry.今年春天,纽约大都会艺术物馆(Metropolitan Museum of Art)、时装学院(Costume Institute)和亚洲艺术部(Department of Asian Art)将联合举办一场名为“中国:镜花水月”(China: Through the Looking Glass)的展览,展期从5月7日至8月16日。这次展览刚好与《饰与美容》(Vogue)杂志的主编安娜·温图尔(Anna Wintour)每年举办的“红毯礼秀”(Met Costume Ball)同时举行。这个派对可是纽约时尚界的一大盛事,许多设计师与明星走过红毯,他们所穿的饰都从这次展览中获得了灵感。此次展览不仅包括高级时装与传统的中国饰,还有绘画、电影与雕塑作品。所以,来看看今年时尚主题的灵感之源吧。建议在物馆入口处投一点捐款。6. Shop ‘Til You Drop: 3pm6. 买到你手软:下午3点There is so much luxury shopping to be done uptown that it can be overwhelming. The multi-level flagship stores of French brands like Hermès, Louis Vuitton and Cartier are all located within walking distance of each other (though the famous Cartier mansion is currently under renovation, so shoppers will now find their baubles at the temporary location on Fifth Avenue and 59th street) if you’re willing to brave the crowds in the popular shopping district. Stop in to Bergdorf Goodman, an iconic New York City department stores, for a slightly more contained shopping experience. There is a shoe salon on the second floor, a fur salon on the fourth, a bridal salon on the seventh floor and an actual beauty salon (the John Barrett Salon) on the ninth (5 for a haircut, for a pedicure). Wary shoppers may enjoy the afternoon tea service from 3-5pm in the BG Restaurant (located on the seventh floor) where there is also a full bar, in case tea just won’t cut it.上城区有许多购买奢侈品的地方,简直让人买东西买到手软!如果你不惧怕这个大众购物区里的汹涌人潮的话,一些法国品牌——如爱马仕(Hermès)、路易·威登(Louis Vuitton)和卡地亚(Cartier),它们那占据好几层楼的旗舰店都相距不过几步路之遥(不过著名的卡地亚大厦正在翻修,所以买家们可以去第五大道与59街交汇处的临时门店里淘点小饰品)。然后走进纽约市标示性的百货商店波道夫·古德曼(Bergdorf Goodman)逛一逛,享受一下更为从容不迫的购物体验。商店二楼有一处鞋履沙龙,四楼有一处皮草沙龙,七楼有一家婚礼用品沙龙,九楼还有一间很不错的美容沙龙,名叫the John Barrett Salon(理发一次125美元[约合人民币784元],美甲一次75美元[约合人民币470元])。而那些在购物方面较为谨慎的消费者,也许会更喜欢下午3到5点间在BG餐厅(BG Restaurant,位于商店七楼)享用下午茶。如果你觉得喝茶还不过瘾的话,那里还有一个提供全方位务的酒吧。7. New York History: 5pm7. 了解纽约的历史:下午5点The American Museum of Natural History is a favorite of children and adults alike. The vast museum’s classic dioramas have been made only more famous by their appearances in the recent Night at the Museum movies. But just across 77th street, The New York Historical society brings the past to life in a different way. The museum and library are full of artifacts from New York’s distant, and not so distant history, and provide great context for the city, as it exists today. It’s not nearly as large as the Natural History Museum, but even a quick visit is worth the price of admission: .美国自然历史物馆(American Museum of Natural History)是孩子们最爱去的地方,成年人也是一样。这家大型物馆里的那些经典的实景模型,曾经出现在系列电影《物馆奇妙夜》(Night at the Museum)里,所以就变得越发有名了。不过只要穿过77街,纽约市历史协会(New York Historical society)就把这座城市的过去以一种完全不同的方式呈现了出来。在这家物馆兼图书馆中,展示了大量历史悠久的以及来自近当代纽约的手工制品,可以让我们了解这座城市是如何变成了今天的样子。虽然这座物馆远没有自然历史物馆的规模大,但即便走马观花地参观一下,也能值回票价了:19美元(约合人民币119元)。8. Locally Sourced: 8pm8.当地特色美食:晚上8点Make a reservation to have dinner across town at The East Pole and get a taste of what New York State has to offer by way of delicious, local produce, meats and cheeses. The restaurant, located in a refurbished brownstone building, embodies the farm to table concept that’s become an expectation at so many new restaurants in the city. While they also use dairy and livestock from Vermont and New Hampshire, a nice selection of ingredients come from right here in New York State, including the fish in a fresh fluke crudo () and a delicate rosé ( for a glass, for a bottle) from Long Island.在本区另一端的东极餐厅(The East Pole)预订一个晚餐位吧,尝一尝以本地产的鲜美肉制品与奶酪做的纽约州菜肴。这家餐厅位于一栋修葺一新的褐石建筑中,是一家奉行“从农田到餐桌”理念的餐厅,而这一理念已经成为纽约市内许多新餐厅的准则。虽然他们也会采购来自佛蒙特(Vermont)与新罕布什尔(New Hampshire)的奶制品及家畜类肉制品,但也有大批各种各样的原料就来自纽约州本地,包括一道生鱼片菜肴(18美元[约合人民币113元])中的鱼,和来自长岛(Long Island)的一种精致玫瑰酒(一杯13美元[约合人民币82元],一瓶50美元[约合人民币314元])。Sunday:星期天9. Another Uptown: 10am9. 再探上城区:上午10点Fresh-squeezed or cold-pressed, healthy fruit and vegetable juices have taken over New York. But there are still places to enjoy a hearty breakfast; complete with eggs and a Bloody Mary. So take the train or a taxi way uptown to Harlem-- one of Manhattan’s most vibrant uptown neighborhoods. It’s the place to go for classic, America soul food. Carlos Swepson’s BLVD Bistro, on Malcolm X Boulevard, is a recent addition to neighborhood, but it’s taking Harlem history, with all of its southern influences, very seriously. Biscuit sandwiches come with cheese melted atop scrambled eggs and the choice of apple-smoked bacon or chicken apple sausage () and there are seven types of cheese, plus more apple-smoked bacon, in the macaroni (). There are healthier options too: try the country oatmeal topped with banana, which is made even sweeter with cane sugar syrup ().新鲜挤压或冷榨的健康果蔬汁已经占领了纽约。但仍然有地方可以享受一顿丰盛的早餐,最后再来几个鸡蛋和一杯血腥玛丽(Bloody Mary)。所以,搭乘轻轨或出租车到上城区的哈莱姆区(Harlem)去吧——这里是曼哈顿上城区最有活力的社区之一,也是品尝美国经典灵魂食品(soul food,美国黑人的传统食品——译注)的地方。卡洛斯·斯万普森(Carlos Swepson)在马尔科姆艾克斯大道(Malcolm X Boulevard)开设的BLVD Bistro餐厅,是最近才加入这个社区的商家,但它的南方特色风味,显示出其对于哈莱姆历史的重视。这里有酪乳面包三明治配芝士炒蛋,还可以选择苹果木烟熏培根或鸡肉苹果香肠(14美元[约合人民币88元]),还有放了七种芝士和更多苹果木熏培根的通心粉(17美元[约合人民币107元])。这里也有一些更健康的饮食选择:试试那款表面覆有香蕉的乡村燕麦粥(9美元[约合人民币56元])吧,做得比甘蔗糖浆还要甜。10. Bj#246;rk in 3D: 12:30pm10. 3D比约克(Bj#246;rk):中午12:30Okay, so MoMA is just below Central Park, but The Modern Museum of Art ia always worth a visit and its retrospective of work by the Icelandic artist and musician Bj#246;rk pushes the boundaries, even for a contemporary art exhibition. It incorporates over twenty years of the avant-garde performer’s music, costumes, s, objects, even diaries that took three years to develop. The central work is an audio tour called “Songlines” that will require visitors to secure a timed ticket at no additional cost to the price of general admission (). The exhibition is sprinkled through the museum—music from her album “Biophilia” plays in the lobby, there is another audio exhibit, especially commissioned for the museum, on the second floor. The presentation continues with “Songlines” on the third floor. Timed tickets for the experience become available at 10:30am daily, and a wait is to be expected.好吧,现代艺术物馆(Modern Museum of Art)就在中央公园下方,这家物馆无论如何都值得去看看,而且其中的冰岛艺术家与音乐家比约克的怀旧作品展,即便作为一场现代艺术展来看也十分前卫。馆内收藏了这位先锋表演艺术家20多年来的音乐、饰、影像、物品,甚至是一些日记。这些物品一共花了三年时间才收藏齐全。该展的重头戏是一场名为“歌的版图”(Songlines)的有声之旅,要求每位参观者领取一张计次门票,但它不会在物馆普通票价(25美元[约合人民币157元])的基础上另行收费。这场展览散布在馆内的各个角落,大堂里播放着比约克专辑《Biophilia》中的音乐;二楼还设有一处专门为该物馆打造的有声展;而来到三楼,就能看到“歌的版图”的演示部分了。此特展的计次门票每天上午10:30开始发放,可能需要排队等候。 /201504/368576

;When word reached Earth that we don#39;t accept payment for our good deeds,I knew they#39;d start outsourcing work to us!;我们到达地球之后,没有得到相应的回报,我知道他们已经开始对我们进行外包业务了。 /201506/382445Introduction介绍The Chinese Philosopher Laotse once said:“Governing a great nation is much like cooking a small fish”He meant that governing a country required just the right ;seasonings; and adjustments for successful results. This metaphor clearly iNustrates the importance of food in Chinese culture!中国哲学家老子曾经说过:“治大国若烹小鲜。”他的意思指统治一个国家需要正确的“作料”和调节才能获得成功的结果。这个比喻明确地阐明了食物在中国文化中所具有的意义!Chinese food can be roughly divided into the Northern and Southern styles. In general,Northern dishes are oily without being cloying and the flavors of vinegar and garlic tend to be stronger. Food made from wheat also plays an important role in Northern cooking;noodles,ravioli-like dumplings,steamed stuffed buns,fried meat dumplings,and steamed buns are the most common flour-based foods. The cooking styles of Peking,Tianjin,and Shandong are probably the best known styles of Northern Chinese cuisine. An elaborate,stuffed chicken symbolizes the Chinese wish for plenitude and satisfaction. Representative Southern cooking styles include:Sichuan and Hunan cuisine which are famous for their liberal use of chili peppers; the Jiangsu and Zhejiang styles which emphasize freshness and tenderness;and Cantonese foods which tend to be somewhat sweet and full of variety. Rice and rice products such as rice noodles,rice cakes,and rice congas are frequently seen in Southern style cooking.中国食品根据烹饪方法可以大致分为南方风味和北方风味。大体说来,北方菜的油比较重但不会让人腻,而且一般更强调使用醋和大蒜。面食在北方的烹饪中也发挥了重要的作用;面条、饺子、蒸包子、肉锅贴以及馒头都是最常见的面食。北京、天津以及山东的烹饪风格可能是中国北方菜肴中最为人们所熟悉的。一只精心烹制并塞满馅料的鸡,象征着中国人实现富足和满足的愿望。南方风味的烹饪方法中具有代表性的则是川菜和湘菜,它们的出名之处在于大量使用了红辣椒;而江苏和浙江风味的烹饪方法则注重鲜嫩;广式菜一般比较甜而且种类繁多。米饭和诸如米线、米饼以及米粥等大米食品是南方风味的烹饪手法中所常见的。In Chinese cooking,color, aroma,and flavor are of equal importance in the preparation of each dish,in satisfying the gustatory,olfactory,and visual senses.Any entree is a combination of three to five colors,selected from ingredients that are light green,dark green,red,yellow, white,black, or caramel-colored. Usually,a meat and vegetable dish is made from one main ingredient and two to three secondary ingredients of contrasting colors. It is then cooked with the appropriate method,seasonings,and sauces to make an aesthetically attractive dish. The primary methods of preparation include stir-frying,stewing,steaming,deep-frying,flash-frying,and pan-frying. A dish with a fragrant aroma will certainly whet the appetite. Among many others,some ingredients that contribute to a mouth-watering aroma are scallions,fresh ginger root, garlic,chili peppers,wine,star anise,cinnamon stick, pepper,sesame oil,and dried black Chinese mushrooms. Of utmost importance in cooking any dish is preserving the fresh,natural flavor of the ingredients and removing any undesirable fish or game odors. In Western cooking,lemon is often used to remove smells of fish;in Chinese cooking,scallions and ginger serve a similar function. Soy sauce,sugar, vinegar, and other seasonings#39;‘ He add richness to a dish without covering up the natural flavor of the ingredients. A well-prepared dish will be rich for those who like strong flavors,not over-spiced to those who like a blander taste,sweet to those who like a sweet flavor, and hot to those who like a piquancy. A dish that is all of these things to all of these people is a truly successful one在中国的烹饪中,色、香、味在每一道菜单准备过程中都同样重要,因此在味觉、嗅觉以及视觉L给人以满足。任何一道主菜都会拼出三至五种颜色,这是选择了淡绿色、深绿色、红色、黄色、白色、黑色、或是酱色的配料使然。通常一道荤素搭配的菜肴要选择一种主料和两三种颜色悬殊的配料。然后再通过适当的方法进行烹饪、加作料、调味,以求做出具有美感的菜肴。烹饪的主要方法包括炒、炖、蒸、炸、煎。一道冒着香味的菜肴定会激起人们的食欲。有些配料可以让菜产生令人垂涎欲滴的香味,例如葱、鲜姜、大蒜、红辣椒粉、酒、八角茵香、肉桂棒、胡椒、蓖麻油以及香菇干。无论烹饪哪一道菜,最重要的就是要保持配料新鲜、自然的香味和去掉所有鱼和动物身上难闻的腥味。在西方的烹饪中,柠檬经常用来去掉鱼腥味;而在中国的烹饪中,葱和姜则起到类似的作用。酱油、糖、醋以及其他作料都使菜肴更加丰富多样,而且不会盖住配料的自然香味。一道美味的菜肴就是对于口味较重的人来说十分鲜美,对于口味较淡的人来说不会觉得味道过重,对于喜欢甜食的人来说会觉得香甜可口,而对于喜食辣味的人来说辣味可口。如果一道菜能够为所有这些人做出这些口味的话,那么就算取得了真正的成功。Tradition传统However, color,aroma,and flavor are not the only principles followed in Chinese cooking; nutrition is the first concern. A theory of the“harmonization of foods; can be traced back to the Shang dynasty#39;s scholar Yi Yin. He relates the flue flavors i. e. sweet, sour, bitter, piquant,and salty to the nutritional needs of the five major organ systems of the body(the heart, liver, spleen,lungs,and kidneys),and he stresses their role in maintaining good physical health. In fad,many of the plants used in Chinese cooking such as scallions,fresh ginger root, garlic,dried lily,and tree fungus have properties of preventing and alleviating various illnesses. The Chinese have a traditional belief that food and medicine share the same origin and that food has a medicinal value. This view can be considered the forerunner of nutritional science in China. According to this theory,a correct proportion of meat to vegetable ingredi- ents should be maintained. One-third of meat-based dishes should be made of vegetable ingredients,and one-third of vegetable dishes should consist of meat. In preparing soups,the quantity of water used should total seven-tenths the volume of the bowl. Basically,the correct ingredient proportions must be adhered to in the preparation of each dish or soup in order to ensure optimal nutritional value.但是,色、香、味并不是中国烹饪中所需遵循的唯一原则;营养是首要考虑因素。“食物的调和”理论可以追溯到商朝时的学者伊尹。他将甜、酸、苦、辣、咸这五味与人体五种主要器官系统(心、肝、脾、肺、肾)的营养需要相对应,然后他强调了它们对保持良好的身体健康所具有的重要性。实际上,中国烹饪中所使用的许多植物都有防治各种疾病的功能,例如葱、鲜姜、大蒜、百合干以及树菇。中国人传统上认为食物和药物具有共同的起源而且食物具有药用价值。可以将这种观点认为是中国营养科学的先驱。根据这一理论,应当保持正确的荤素搭配比例。如果是以荤菜为主的菜肴,那么三分之一的配料应当是素菜;而以素菜为主的菜肴应当三分之一的配料是荤菜。在做汤的时候,所用水的量应当占碗中总量的七成。基本上说,在烹饪每一道菜或汤的时候都必须遵循正确的配料比例,以便确保理想的营养价值。The Chinese have a number of traditional rules and customs associated with eating. For example,food must be eaten while seated. Also a set order of who may be seated first among men,women,old,and young exists. Furthermore, one must eat main courses with chopsticks and soup with a spoon.中国人有许多与吃有关的传统规定和习俗。例如,食物必须坐着吃。而且对于男女老幼的人座顺序也是约定俗成的。此外,吃主菜的时候必须用筷子,而喝汤的时候要用勺子。The Present目前In this cosmopolitan world,Chinese food is available in practically a major and many other cities of the globe. In fact, either in any large city or little village in China,you do not have to walk very far to find a restaurant. Even in home cooking,food is prepared with sophistication and variety. Northern style dishes include Peking duck, smoked chicken,chafing dish with sliced Iamb, fried fish slices in sauce,beef with green pepper, and dried scallops with Chinese white radish balls. Representative of the Southern style of cooking ore duck smoked with camphor and tea,chicken baked in salt,honey glazed ham,flash-fried shrimp,braised egg plant in soy sauce,and Sichuan style bean curd.在世界各地,人们实际上在全球所有主要城市以及其他许多城市中都能品尝到中国食品。其实,在中国,不管是在大城市还是小村庄里,无需走上多少路就可以找到一家饭店。即使是在家中烹饪,食物的制作也十分精细、多样。北方风味的菜肴有北京烤鸭、烧鸡、羊肉火锅、醋烟鱼片、青椒牛肉以及干贝萝卜丸子。南方风味的烹饪中具有代表性的有樟茶鸭、盐水鸡、蜜炙火腿、干蝙虾、烧汁茄子以及麻婆豆腐。 /201506/378436

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