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2019年10月22日 17:42:48来源:365指南

  • When airline customers try to choose seats while purchasing tickets, what they see may not be what they can get.许多飞机乘客喜欢在购票的同时选择座位,但所见和所得并不相同。Airlines routinely block coach seats for a variety of reasons, reducing the pool of available seats to reserve free of charge in advance when you book a trip.基于诸多因素,航空公司常会锁定一些经济舱座席,这使得人们在预定机票时可以提前免费预留的座位有所减少。On many flights now, 30% to 40% of coach seats are held back by the airline for premium customers, people with special needs or available only for a fee. Facing what look like, but often aren#39;t, high odds of getting a lousy seat at check-in, sitting apart from children or even getting bumped from an overbooked flight, many travelers feel pressured to pay for a reserved seat.如今在许多航班上,航空公司会为贵宾乘客和有特殊需求的乘客预留30%到40%的经济舱座位,普通乘客预定则需要付费。面对可能出现的情况(可能性看似很高,其实通常来说并非如此),例如办理登机时被分配到糟糕的座位、和自己的孩子分开坐甚至由于航班超额预定而坐不上这趟飞机,许多旅客倍感压力而选择付费订座。That pressure has increased as airlines have expanded the number of seats they block from early assignment and added more rows of extra-legroom coach seats, which are offered free or at a discount to elite-level frequent fliers but sold to others. Airlines say all the seats they block or assign for a fee are opened up shortly before departure and customers without advanced seat assignments almost always get accommodated. There is a higher risk of getting involuntarily bumped off flights if you don#39;t have a seat assignment, but it is rare.如今这种压力更大了,因为航空公司将更多座位划分在了可提前预留的范围之外,并增加了多排加长了伸腿空间的座位,这些座位会免费或打折提供给贵宾常旅客,而向普通旅客则需要收费。航空公司表示,他们锁定的或者收费的座位都会在起飞前不久全部开放,没有优先分配座位的乘客一般总还是会得到安置。此时如果没分到座位,坐不上这趟航班的风险更高,不过这种情况很少见。Doug Berg, a frequent business traveler from Detroit, was surprised to see the only spots open in coach were Economy Plus seats with extra legroom for a ed Airlines flight from Denver to Spokane, Wash., in May. He had a seat for his Detroit-to-Denver leg, but didn#39;t realize his travel agent hadn#39;t been able to reserve a seat for the flight to Spokane until he went to check in online and print boarding passes.道格·伯格(Doug Berg)来自底特律,商务出行非常频繁。5月份他搭乘美国联合航空(ed Airlines)的航班由丹佛飞往华盛顿斯波坎(Spokane),他惊讶地发现,经济舱内开放的都是拥有加长伸腿空间的豪华经济舱座席。在从底特律到丹佛的航程中,他订到了一个座位,但直到他在线办理登机并打印登机牌时,才知道旅行代理人未能帮他在飞往斯波坎的航班上预留座位。Worried he might get bumped, which would have been a huge problem, since it was a night flight and he had to be at work at 7 a.m. the next day, he paid ed an extra to reserve an Economy Plus seat.他很担心自己会无法登机,这将是个大麻烦,因为那是夜间航班,而他必须在第二天早上七点开始工作。于是他多付了44美元预定了豪华经济舱的座位。At the airport, kiosks showed lots of available free seats in the economy section of the Boeing 737. At the gate, Mr. Berg polled fellow passengers about when they got their seat assignment and learned many reserved coach seats a few hours before departure. Mr. Berg felt ripped off because it appeared ed had created an artificial shortage.到了机场,自助值机台显示这架波音737客机的经济舱仍有大量可免费预定的空座位。在登机口,伯格询问同行的乘客何时被分配到座位,得知许多人都是在起飞前几小时预定了经济舱座位。伯格感觉自己被敲诈了,因为美联航似乎是人为制造了座位短缺的假象。#39;Either seats are available or they are not, #39; he said. #39;It frosted me having paid a fee to get an assigned seat to ensure I would get to Spokane while there were seats in my class available.#39;他说:“座位无非就是有空没空两种状态。在我的舱位有空座的情况下,我被迫花钱选座以确保自己能到达斯波坎,这很让人寒心。”Mr. Berg wrote to ed to complain and the airline responded saying if he sent documentation, the airline would refund the .伯格写信向美联航投诉,该公司回复说如果他发来明文件,公司将退还44美元。I had a similar experience on a recent ed Express regional jet flight. At booking, no seats were available to reserve. Two days before departure, two Economy Plus seats became available, and I paid to grab one. The next day, 24 hours before departure, 10 seats opened for free seat assignment.最近我乘坐美联航快运(ed Express)的一趟线航班也有相似的遭遇。订票时,没有座位可供预定。出发前两天,有两个豪华经济舱的座位可以预定,我花了39美元抢到一个。第二天,也就是起飞前24小时,又有了10个免费分配的座位。ed says customers with tickets but no seat assignment almost always get seats at check-in. Seats without extra legroom open up as customers decide to pay the fee for Economy Plus and elite-level customers get upgraded to first class or to Economy Plus. Silver-level frequent fliers, for example, don#39;t get Economy Plus seats free of charge until 24 hours before departure. As they get moved to open Economy Plus seats, #39;traditional#39; coach seats open for passengers without seat assignments.美联航说,订票未订座的乘客一般都会在值机柜台分到座位。当有乘客决定付费预定豪华经济舱座位、贵宾乘客升级至头等舱或豪华经济舱时,常规空间的座位就会开放。以银卡常旅客为例,他们在起飞前24小时才会免费获得豪华经济舱座位。随着这些人的座位移至豪华经济舱,“常规”经济舱座位就会开放给没有分配到座位的旅客。On average, ed says, 22% of its economy seats are Economy Plus. But that runs up to 40% on some planes. When there is little demand for Economy Plus, a significant percentage of passengers may face the anxiety of no seat assignment.美联航表示,他们平均22%的经济舱座位是豪华经济舱,但在有些飞机上会达到40%。当豪华经济舱的需求很小时,相当一部分乘客可能就得因为座位分配问题而焦虑了。#39;In the hugely overwhelming majority of situations, people will get a seat assigned before departure, #39; ed spokesman Rahsaan Johnson said.美联航新闻发言人雷萨恩·约翰逊(Rahsaan Johnson)说:“在绝大多数的情况下,乘客在出发前都能分配到座位。”American Airlines blocks a large number of coach seats, both with extra legroom and without, to make them available to customers with top-level status in its frequent-flier program on every flight. Those seats show up on seat maps as occupied for customers without elite status, leading them to conclude seats are scarce. This prompts a portion of them to pony up.美国航空(American Airlines)在每架航班上锁定了大量经济舱座位,不仅有加长空间座位,也有常规座位,以便提供给常旅客计划中的高级别乘客。对于非高级别乘客来说,这些座位在座位图上显示已被占用,令他们认为座位紧缺。这促使他们中的一部分人加钱选座。Two weeks before its July 16 departure, American Flight 34 from Los Angeles to New York showed only two middle seats in the back of the airplane available, plus 11 Preferred seats岸regular coach seats toward the front without extra legroom岸available for a .44 fee. Logging in with elite status, however, showed the same flight had far more regular coach seat availability. Flight 34 actually had 12 open window seats and nine open aisle seats.7月16日由洛杉矶飞往纽约的美国航空34号航班在出发前两周只显示后排有两个中间的座位有空,外加11个预定费用56.44美元的受欢迎座位──靠前而无加长伸腿空间的经济舱座位。以贵宾身份登录系统,则显示同一航班上有多得多的经济舱座位可供选择:实际上有12个靠窗的座位和九个靠过道的座位。A week later on Tuesday, the seat map available to non-elites showed only one available middle seat, 38E, in the back of the Boeing 767-200, plus the same 11 Preferred seats at .44 each. But elite-level customers saw a total of 41 of 128 coach seats empty.一星期后的星期二,非贵宾身份登录后的座位图显示,在这架波音767-200型飞机上,只剩后部的一个中间座位38E,以及同样的每个需收费56.44美元的11个受欢迎座位。但是贵宾级别的乘客看到的是128个经济舱座位中的41个都有空余。American says it doesn#39;t think blocking open seats from view pressures customers into paying for extra-legroom or Preferred seats. The number of seats blocked for elite-level customers varies with demand and #39;a large percentage of specific seat assignments are still available to all customers at no additional cost, #39; spokeswoman Cameron King said. #39;And for our customers who value additional legroom, a certain type of seat or the ability to reserve a specific seat, we have made products available for them as well.#39;美国航空公司说他们并不认同在显示图中锁定空余座位会迫使乘客购买加长空间的座位或者受欢迎座位。其新闻发言人卡梅伦·金(Cameron King)说,为贵宾乘客所保留的座位数量因需求而异,“大部分特定区域的座位仍向所有乘客开放而无需额外付费。至于那些喜欢加长空间的乘客,我们同样为他们打造了特定产品,让他们能够选择特定类别的座位或者提前预定某一个座位。”Unlike American, Delta Air Lines shows the Preferred seats it has held back for elite customers, but doesn#39;t allow regular customers to book them until 24 hours before departure. At that time, Preferred seats are offered for a fee to nonelite-level customers.与美国航空不同,达美航空(Delta Air Lines)会在图上显示为贵宾乘客预留的受欢迎座位,但直到起飞前24小时才允许普通乘客预定。那时,受欢迎座位会收费提供给非贵宾乘客。US Airways also blocks seats for elite-level customers and labels them Preferred. The airline sells what it calls Choice seats in rows near the front of the cabin for to one-way that don#39;t have extra legroom but do have early boarding privileges. On the whole, US Airways says 9.5% of its coach seats are labeled Choice. Preferred, Choice and exit-row seating, which is sometimes sold for a fee, account for an average of 30% of coach seats on the airline#39;s planes.全美航空(US Airways)同样为贵宾乘客锁定部分座位,并标为受欢迎座位。这家航空公司销售所谓的“精选座位”,这些经济舱座位单程售价为五至99美元、靠近机舱前部、没有加长空间但可以优先登机。全美航空表示,总体来看,有9.5%的经济舱座位被标为精选。受欢迎座位、精选座位和靠近逃生门的座位平均占据机上座位的30%,有时会收费提供。Those seats open up to customers without seat assignments who don#39;t want to pay starting 24 hours before departure, US Airways said.全美航空还说,那些座位会在起飞前24小时开放给还没有安排座位、不愿付费的乘客。Consider US Airways Flight 12 from Phoenix to New York on Wednesday. Two days before departure, a seat map showed only 12 Choice seats available for purchase. A day later, less than 24 hours before departure, nine coach seats, five of them middle seats, were available free of charge. Also, 11 Choice seats remained and two exit-row seats opened.以全美航空7月10日由菲尼克斯飞往纽约的12号航班为例,出发前两天,座位图显示只有12个精选座位可供付费选择。一天后,也就是起飞前24小时,九个经济舱座位免费提供,其中五个是中间座位。同时还剩余11个精选座位和两排靠近逃生门的座位开放供选择。 /201309/255775。
  • You don#39;t have to be a millionaire to steal these ideas about work, retirement and even getting up in the morning。即使你并不是百万富翁,你也可以偷学这些工作理念、退休概念甚至起床时间观念。1. They Don#39;t Retire When Everyone Else Does。他们不会像普通人一样早早退休。The average age for Americans to stop working is now 61, according to a recent Gallup poll, up from 59 ten years ago and 57 in the early 1990s. But America#39;s highest earners -- i.e., those with the biggest savings -- don#39;t plan on retiring until they#39;re at least 70, another new survey shows. Almost half of those people, who make ,000 or more a year, say they plan to keep working because they want to.根据最近的盖洛普民意测验显示,美国人现在的平均退休年龄是61岁,从20世纪90年代的57岁到十年前的59岁,退休年龄一直持推后的趋势。但是根据另一项最新研究显示,美国的最高收入群体——比如那些存款数目最大的人——至少到70岁之后才会计划退休。那些年收入7.5万美元甚至更高的人群中有将近半数称他们希望工作,所以会一直干下去。Granted, this group holds white-collar jobs that aren#39;t physically taxing -- but the ;never quit; concept is one that almost anyone can embrace. Stepping down to a less stressful position, or shifting to part-time work can put you farther ahead, savings-wise, when you do decide to retire。当然,这一富人群体都是不从事体力劳动的白领——但是他们“奋斗不止”的信念是每个人都应该积极借鉴的。退居到压力较小的岗位,或者换成一份兼职工作可以推迟你的退休年龄,这对你真正选择退休之后的生活有利。2. They Don#39;t Wake Up At 6 a.m. And Answer Emails。他们不会6点钟才起床回复邮件。You#39;re no doubt aware that the highest achievers are up earlier than most people: The National Sleep Foundation says most 30- to 45-year-olds get out of bed at 6 a.m. on a typical weekday morning, while this Guardian article shows that many CEOs of major companies wake closer to 5. You may not know, though, what those leaders are doing with the extra hour。你一定清楚收入最高的那些人比大多数人早起:根据全国睡眠研究基地研究显示,大多数30至45岁之间的人在工作日早晨6点钟起床,而一篇《卫报》上的消息则显示许多大型企业的CEO都在5点之前起床。你也许并不知道那些企业领导者们利用早起的时间干什么。Laura Vanderkam#39;s new book What the Most Successful People Do Before Breakfast gives plenty of concrete examples (and none of them involves catching up on Facebook). For instance: A businesswoman knows she could spend her early-morning hour cleaning out her in-box, but since that#39;s a job she can do in 5-minute breaks during the day, she devotes the alone time to making real, uninterrupted headway on a project that she#39;s decided is a top priority for her -- and that will have clear career benefits, teeing her up for a promotion or other advancement。劳拉·凡德卡姆的新书《大多数成功人士在早餐前干什么》中给出了很多实际的例子(这些例子中无一例包括查看脸谱网)。例如,一个职场女性知道自己可以用早上早起的时间清理她的收件箱,但是这件事她可以利用白天里5分钟的休息时间做完,所以她就用利用这段时间专心来跟进一天中最重要的项目工作——这种工作态度无疑会创造真正的工作效益,也为她升职、加薪做好了准备。3. They Don#39;t Ignore Job Offers For Lateral Moves。他们不会忽略平级跳槽的机会。While many top earners keep an eye out for their next career move, they#39;re not always looking to move up. They#39;re often looking to make lateral moves, says Amanda Augustine, job-search expert at TheLadders.com, which originally began as a job-search site for people earning 0,000 and more (they#39;ve since expanded to all salaries). This group is willing to move horizontally, or even to take a step down,很多有钱人会时刻关注职场机会,但他们并不总是向上看的,求职网站the ladder的求职专家阿曼达·奥古斯丁称,这些富人们常常会寻找平级跳槽的机会,求职网站the ladder一开始只为年收入10万美元以上的人提供就业信息(但后来他们已经扩展到为各薪酬阶层的人提供信息)。Augustine says, if there is a future opportunity to move up and take on an even better role. Employees at every level can learn from this behavior, she says. Making a sideways career change (either within your company or to a new one with a similar title, pay and responsibility) can also be worth it if your industry is contracting and the new job is in a field that#39;s growing, or if you#39;ll be saving money with a shorter commute or cheaper parking, or getting better benefits, whether insurance- or retirement-related。奥古斯丁表示,只要有升迁或获得更好的职位的机会,富人们愿意平级跳槽,甚至接受比当下等级低的工作。奥古斯丁表示,各个层级的员工都可以学习这种态度。 如果你当下从事的行业正在紧缩,而你新从事的工作行业则正在扩张,或者节省交通费用,或者获得更好的保险、退休金等福利待遇时,平级跳槽就是值得的。4. They Don#39;t Buy When They Can Rent。他们能租房就不买房。It#39;s the American dream to own a home, but don#39;t assume that everyone who can purchase a home does. The five-year rule (if you#39;re not going to live in a home for five years, don#39;t buy it) is back. Renting is more popular than ever, even among the wealthy. While it once made sense for people who could afford it to buy a home and flip it after two years, and the market has improved moderately this year, we#39;re hardly in a boom。拥有一套房子是美国梦的一部分,但并不是所有的人都有能力买房。五年规则(即如果你不会在这套房子里住五年以上,就不要把它买下来)卷土重来。即使是在富人圈子里,租房之风也空前盛行。虽然过去买得起房子的富人倾向于买下一幢房子,然后两年后转手,而且今年的房市稍有缓和,但当下绝不是经济繁荣时期。This article by economist Robert J. Shiller explains that attitudes toward renting are starting to change; 61 percent of Americans in a recent MacArthur Foundation survey agreed that, ;for the most part, renters can be just as successful as owners at achieving the American dream。;经济学家罗伯特·席勒解释说,人们对于租房的观念已经改变了;在麦克阿瑟基金最近作出的研究调查表明,61%的美国人同意,“在很大程度上,租房的人和买房的人实现美国梦的机会是同等的。”5. They Don#39;t Buy Without First Comparison Shopping。他们不会在货比三家之前付款。Chances are, if you#39;re ing this here, you#39;re likely also shopping online (80 percent of people who use the Internet have bought something by clicking). But wealthy shoppers are getting more shipping confirmation emails than others: According to a recent report by Martini Media and comScore, in the first quarter of this year, affluent shoppers were 47 percent more likely than buyers earning less than 0,000 annually to purchase something online。如果你正在读这篇文章,很有可能你会网购商品(80%的网上用户都曾经试过网购)但是那些富裕的买家可能网购的次数更加频繁:根据广告商Martini Media 和 comScore在今年上半年做的相关调查显示,年薪10万的人网购东西的可能性比其他人多出47%。Just as interestingly, wealthy online shoppers aren#39;t visiting luxury destinations as much as they#39;re visiting sites with mid-level pricing (think Macy#39;s). We know shopping online greatly lowers the likelihood of an impulse buy, but another major money-saving reason to buy from home is that you can easily do price comparisons. Plus, new apps such as Slice will even send you alerts when the price on an item you#39;ve purchased online drops so you can get a refund。有意思的是,他们去Net-a-Porter等奢饰品网站的次数少于去中等消费的网站的次数。我们都知道网购可以有效的抑制消费冲动,但是网购省钱还有另 一个重要理由,即你可以货比三家同时,“降价应用”这样的新网络应用可以在你已经购买的商品降价时向你发出通知,由此你可以获得一定退款。 /201310/260638。
  • If you live in a big city, there are many things to drive you crazy on your daily commute, and it’s not just overcrowded subway trains. 如果你生活在大城市中,上下班路上常常会发生许多令人抓狂的事情,沙丁鱼罐头一般的地铁车厢只是其中之一罢了。 Vicky Zhao is a mainlander working in Hong Kong. For her, one thing she can’t put up with is people standing on the wrong side of the escalator in subway stations. Vicky Zhao是一位在香港工作的大陆人。她不能容忍的是,地铁扶梯上人们总是站错位置。 “Escalators help us move faster and save time. It isn’t a place to rest,” the 24-year-old says. “I often see tourists block the way with their chunky suitcases or chitchatting on the escalators during rush hour. It annoys me to no end.” 24岁的她说:“电梯是提高我们出行效率、节省时间的,并非休息的地方。在上下班高峰时段,我经常看到许多游客用大件行李挡住了路,有的人还在电梯上闲聊家常,这让我不胜其烦。” Admitting she is not the patient type, Zhao says things are much better in Hong Kong than in cities on the mainland where “stand right, walk left” signs are often ignored. Vicky Zhao承认自己没什么耐心。她说:“香港的状况要比内地城市好得多,在内地‘左行右立’的标识形同虚设。” The logic behind the “stand right, walk left” escalator etiquette seems obvious. Even though you may want to catch your breath and just wait while you’re transported up or down, you should still consider others and leave enough space for people in a hurry, so that they can run and catch the train. “左行右立”这种扶梯礼仪背后的逻辑显而易见。即使你想在上下奔波的过程中喘口气,或者只是放缓脚步,你也应该替他人着想,为赶时间的人留下足够的空间,以便其疾行追赶列车。 Many cities’ escalators, including London’s and Beijing’s, use the “stand right, walk left” system to speed up the flow of people. (Australia is an exception and you should stand on the left side instead.) But some cities discourage people from moving on escalators out of safety reasons. In Hong Kong’s subway stations there are regular annoucements asking people to “stand still” on escalators. Even so, most people in this fast-paced metropolis observe the “stand right, walk left” etiquette. 在包括北京和伦敦在内的许多城市中,扶梯上会贴有“左行右立”标识来疏导人流。(澳大利亚是个例外,在那你应该靠左站立。)但一些城市出于安全考虑,禁止人们在扶梯上行走。例如,香港地铁就用站内广播就提示,禁止乘客在扶梯上走动。尽管如此,在这个快节奏的大都市里,大多数人还是会遵守“左行右立”的礼仪。 Perhaps this is because those who walk on escalators seem to have taken the moral high ground and like to accuse those who block the way of being inconsiderate. 这或许是因为在自动扶梯上行走的人们已经占领了道德高地,就喜欢指责那些挡路者的自私自利。 “Able-bodied people standing on the downward escalator are in effect robbing the people behind them of time,” says Hamilton Nolan, who writes for online forum Gawker and regularly uses the New York subway. He speaks the mind of many walkers. 纽约地铁的“常旅客”汉密尔顿#8226;诺兰在网上论坛“高客网”上写道:“身强力壮的人乘坐下行电梯实际上是浪费了身后人们的时间。”一语道出了许多人的心声。 “Their presumptuous need for leisure may cause everyone behind them to miss a train they would have otherwise caught. Then those people are forced to stand and wait on a subway platform for many extra minutes. Those are precious minutes of life that none of us will get back.” 他说:“他们自以为是地认为人们应该放慢脚步,享受闲适,然而这可能导致身后所有人错过了本可以赶得上的列车。这些乘客不得不在站台上再多等几分钟。那些时间都是一去不复返的宝贵光阴啊!” But the people who stand on escalators defend themselves by telling the walkers not to be so impatient. In a recent story about escalator etiquette, the B es one stander as saying: “If the person is in such a rush, why not just take the stairs? Even when the escalator is packed and there’s nowhere to move, I see these same people moaning and groaning about not being able to pass.” 但那些选择在扶梯上站立不动的乘客也有为自己辩护的理由,他们告诉那些行人不要那么没耐心。在最近一则有关扶梯礼仪的报道中,B援引了一位“站立者”的话:“如果十万火急,为何不选择走楼梯?即使在电梯人满为患、乘客无法动弹的情况下,我还是能看到那些着急的人嘟嘟囔囔地抱怨自己无法通过。” Whatever the escalator etiquette is in the place you live or visit, do what most people are doing and always be mindful of others: leave enough space between each other, don’t linger at the end of the escalator, and if someone is blocking your way, a simple “excuse me” is enough. 无论你居住的城市还是旅行目的地奉行着怎样的扶梯礼仪,切记要“随大流”并时刻为他人着想:与他人之间保持礼貌距离;不要在扶梯两端徘徊;如果别人挡住了你的路,说一句友好的“借过”就可以了。 /201309/256027。
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