时间:2019年06月21日 03:03:31

Fellow Citizens:The will of the American people,expressed through their unsolicited suffrages,公民们:美国人民通过自愿选举所表达的意志,calls me before you to pass through the solemnities preparatory to taking upon myself the duties of President of the ed States for another term.要求我站在你们面前通过这一庄重的仪式,作为我连任合众国总统职务的准备。For their approbation of my public conduct through a period which has not been without its difficulties,你们对我在一个不无困难的时期执政的情况表示认可,and for this renewed expression of their confidence in my good intentions,对我良好的愿望再次表示信赖,I am at a loss for terms adequate to the expression of my gratitude.对此我实在找不出适当的言词来表达我的感激。It shall be displayed to the extent of my humble abilities in continued efforts so to administer the Government as to preserve their liberty and promote their happiness.我将继续尽我微薄之力管理政府,维护你们的自由,促进你们的幸福,以此来表达我的感激之情。My experience in public concerns and the observation of a life somewhat advanced confirm the opinions long since imbibed by me,我任公职的经验和对生活的略微高超的观察实了我长久以来所形成的观点,that the destruction of our State governments or the annihilation of their control over the local concerns of the people would lead directly to revolution and anarchy,废除我们的州政府或者取消它们对地方事务的控制,必然会直接导致革命或无政府状态,and finally to despotism and military domination.最终则导致专制和军事控制。In proportion,therefore,as the General Government encroaches upon the rights of the States,因此,如果中央政府侵害了各州的部分权利,in the same proportion does it impair its own power and detract from its ability to fulfill the purposes of its creation.也就损害了自身的部分权力,并减弱了部分的创造能力。Solemnly impressed with these considerations,my countrymen will ever find me y to exercise my constitutional powers in arresting measures,which may directly or indirectly如果同胞们切实铭记这些考虑,便会发现我准备行使我的宪法权力,encroach upon the rights of the States or tend to consolidate all political power in the General Government.以阻止那直接或间接侵犯州权、或企图加强中央政府政治权力的各种措施。But of equal,and,indeed,of incalculable,importance is the union of these States,但是,具有同等而且确实是无可估量重要性的是这些州的联合,and the sacred duty of all to contribute to its preservation by a liberal support of the General Government in the exercise of its just powers.以及所有各州都大力持中央政府行使其公正的权力,以此来维护其联合的神圣职责。You have been wisely admonished to;accustom yourselves to think and speak of the Union as of the palladium of your political safety and prosperity,你们曾被理智地告诫过:“你们要习惯于像对待护佑你们政治上的安全与繁荣的守护神那样想到它或谈论它;watching for its preservation with jealous anxiety,discountenancing whatever may suggest even a suspicion that it can in any event be abandoned,要小心翼翼、无微不至地保护它:要驳斥一切抛弃它的想法,即使对它抱有丝毫怀疑亦不允许;and indignantly frowning upon the first dawning of any attempt to alienate any portion of our country from the rest or to enfeeble the sacred ties which now link together the various parts.;要义正词严地反对刚冒头的、一切可能使我国的任何部分与其他部分疏远并削弱连接全国各地的神圣纽带的种种企图。”Without union our independence and liberty would never have been achieved;没有联合,我们的独立和自由就永远不会取得;without union they never can be maintained.没有联合,独立和自由也决得不到维护。02/84878

Richard M. NixonResignationAddressdelivered8 August1974AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED:Textversion belowtranscribeddirectlyfromaudioGood evening:This is the 37th time I have spoken toyou fromthis office, where so many decisions havebeen madethat shape the history of this nation. Eachtime Ihave done soto discuss with yousome matter that I believe affected the nationalinterest. In allthe decisions Ihave madeinmy public life I have always tried to do what was best for the nation.Throughout the long and difficult period of Watergate,Ihave felt it was my duty to perseveretomake every possible effortto complete the term of office to whichyou elected me. Inthepastfew days, however, it has become evidentto me thatIno longer have a strong enoughpolitical base in the Congress to justify continuing that effort. Aslong as there was such abase, I felt strongly that it was necessary to see the constitutional process throughto itsconclusion. thatto do otherwise would be unfaithfultothe spirit of that deliberately difficultprocess, and a dangerously destabilizing precedent for the future. But withthe disappearanceof that base,Inow believe thatthe constitutional purpose has been served. And there is nolonger a need for the process to be prolonged.I would have preferred to carry throughtothe finish whatever the personal agony it wouldhave involved, and my family unanimously urged me to do so. Butthe interests of the nationmust always come before any personal considerations.Transcription byMichaelE. Eidenmuller. Propertyof AmericanRhetoric.com. . Copyright 2006. All rights reserved.Page1AmericanRhetoric.comFrom the discussions Ihave had with Congressional and other leaders I have concluded thatbecause of the Watergate matter Imightnothave the support of the Congress that I wouldconsider necessary to back the very difficult decisions and carry outthe duties of this office inthe way the interests of the nation will require.I have never been a quitter.To leave office before my term is completed is abhorrent to every instinctin my body.But asPresident, I must put the interests of America first.America needs a fulltimePresident and a fulltimeCongress, particularly at this time withproblems we face athome and abroad. Tocontinue tofightthrough the months aheadfor mypersonal vindication would almosttotally absorb the time and attention of both the Presidentand the Congress in a period when our entire focus should be onthe greatissues of peaceabroad and prosperity without inflation at home.Therefore, I shallresign the Presidency effective atnoontomorrow.Vice President Ford will be swornin as President atthathour in this office.AsI recallthe highhopes for America with which we began this second term, I feel a greatsadness thatI willnot be here inthis office working on your behalf to achieve those hopes inthe next two and a half years. But in turning over direction of the Governmentto VicePresident Ford Iknow, as Itold the nation when Inominated him for that office ten monthsago, thatthe leadership of America would be in good hands.In passing this office tothe Vice President, I also do so with the profound sense of the weightof responsibility that will fall onhis shoulders tomorrow, and therefore of the understanding,the patience, the cooperationhe willneed from allAmericans. As he assumes thatresponsibility he will deserve the help and the support of all of us. As we look tothe future,the first essential is to beginhealing the wounds of this nation. To put the bitterness anddivisions of the recent past behind us and to rediscover those sharedideals that lie attheheart of our strength and unity as a great and as a free people.Bytaking this action, Ihope that I will have hastened the start of that process of healingwhichis so desperately needed in America. Iregret deeply any injuries that may have beendone inthe course of the events that led to this decision. I would say only thatif some of myjudgments were wrong andsome were wrong theywere made in what I believed atthetime to be the best interests of the nation.To those whohave stood withme during thesepast difficult months, to my family, my friends,the many others who joined in supporting my cause because they believed it was right, I willbe eternally grateful for your support. And tothose whohave not felt able to give me yoursupport, letme say Ileave withno bitterness toward those whohave opposed me, because allof us in the final analysis have beenconcerned withthe good of the country, however ourjudgments might differ.Transcription byMichaelE. Eidenmuller. Propertyof AmericanRhetoric.com. . Copyright 2006. All rights reserved.Page2AmericanRhetoric.comSo letus allnow join together in affirming thatcommon commitment and in helping our newPresident succeed for the benefit of allAmericans. Ishall leave this office with regret atnotcompleting my term but with gratitude for the privilege of serving as your President for thepastfive and a half years. These years have been a momentous time in the history of ournation and the world. They have been a time ofachievementin which we can all be proud,achievements that represent the shared efforts of the administration, the Congress and thepeople. Butthe challenges ahead are equally great. And they, too, will require the support andthe efforts of the Congress and the people, working in cooperation withthe newAdministration.We have endedAmericas longest war. But in the work of securing a lasting peace in theworld, the goals ahead are even more farreachingand more difficult. We must complete astructure of peace,so that it will be said of this generation ourgeneration of Americans bythe people of allnations, not only that we ended one war but that we prevented futurewars.We have unlocked the doors that for a quarter of a century stood betweenthe ed Statesand the Peoples Republic of China.We must now insure thatthe onequarterof the worldspeople who live in the Peoples Republic of China will be and remain, not our enemies, but ourfriends.Inthe Middle East, 100million people in the Arab countries, many of whom have consideredus their enemy for nearly 20 years, nowlook on us as their friends.We must continue to buildon that friendship sothat peace can settle atlast over the Middle East and sothat the cradleof civilization willnot become its grave. Together with the Soviet Union we have made thecrucial breakthroughs thathave begunthe process of limiting nuclear arms. But, we must setas our goal, not just limiting, but reducing and finally destroying these terrible weapons, sothatthey cannot destroy civilization. And so that the threat of nuclear war willnolonger hangover the world and the people.We have opened a new relation with the Soviet Union. Wemustcontinue to develop and expand that new relationship, sothat the two strongest nationsof the world willlive together in cooperation rather than confrontation.Around the world inAsia,in Africa,in Latin America, in the Middle Eastthereare millionsof people who live in terrible poverty, even starvation. We mustkeep as our goal turning awayfrom production for war and expanding production for peace so that people everywhere onthis earthcan at lastlook forward, in their childrens time, if not in our owntime, to havingthe necessities for a decentlife. Here, in America, we are fortunate that most of our peoplehave not only the blessings of liberty but alsothe means tolive full and good, and by theworlds standards even abundantlives.We must press on, however, toward a goal notonly of more and better jobs but of fullopportunity for every American, and of what we are striving so hard rightnowto achieve prosperitywithout inflation.Transcription byMichaelE. Eidenmuller. Propertyof AmericanRhetoric.com. . Copyright 2006. All rights reserved.Page3AmericanRhetoric.comFor more than a quarter of a century in public life, Ihave sharedinthe turbulenthistory ofthis evening.Ihave fought for what I believe in. Ihave tried,tothe best of my ability, todischarge those duties and meet those responsibilities that were entrusted tome. SometimesI have succeeded. And sometimes Ihave failed.But always Ihave taken heart from whatTheodore Roosevelt once said aboutthe maninthe arena, whose face is marred by dust andsweat and blood, who strives valiantly, whoerrs and comes short again and again becausethere is not effort withouterror and shortcoming, but who does actually strive to do the deed,who knows the great enthusiasms, the great devotions, who spends himself in a worthycause, who atthe bestknows in the end the triumphs of high achievements and withtheworstif he fails, atleastfails while daring greatly.I pledge to youtonightthat as long as I have a breath of life in my body, Ishall continue inthat spirit. Ishall continue to work for the greatcauses to whichIhave been dedicatedthroughout my years as a Congressman, aSenator, Vice President and President, the cause ofpeace notjustfor America but among allnations prosperity,justice and opportunity forall of our people.There is one cause above all to which I have been devoted and to which I shall always bedevoted for as long as Ilive.When Ifirst took the oath of office as Presidentfive and a half years ago, Imadethis sacredcommitment: to consecrate my office, my energies, and all the wisdom I can summon tothecause of peace among nations. Ive done my very bestin allthe days since to be true tothatpledge.As a result of these efforts, I am confident that the world is a safer place today, notonly for the people of America but for the people of allnations, and that all of our childrenhave a better chance than before of living in peace rather than dying in war.This, more than anything, is what Ihopedto achieve when I soughtthe Presidency.This, more than anything, is what Ihope will bemy legacy to you, to our country, as Ileavethe Presidency.To have served in this office is tohave felt a very personal sense of kinship with each andevery American.Inleaving it, I doso with this prayer: May Gods grace be with youin allthe days ahead. /201205/182143

[Nextpage视频演讲]The President speaks about the just released National HIV/AIDS Strategy and his commitment to focusing the public's attention on ending the domestic HIV epidemic.Download mp4 (124MB) | mp3 (12MB) [Nextpage演讲文本]THE PRESIDENT: Hello, everybody! Hello! (Applause.) Hello. Hello, hello, hello. Hello. Well, good evening, everybody. This is a pretty feisty group here. (Laughter.) AUDIENCE MEMBER: We love you, President!THE PRESIDENT: Love you back. Thank you. (Applause.) Thank you. Well, it is a privilege to speak with all of you. Welcome to the White House. Let me begin by welcoming the Cabinet Secretaries who are here. I know I saw at least one of them, Kathleen Sebelius, our outstanding Secretary of Health and Human Services. (Applause.) I want to thank all the members of Congress who are present and all the distinguished guests that are here -- that includes all of you.In particular, I want to recognize Ambassador Eric Goosby, our Global AIDS Coordinator. (Applause.) Eric’s leadership of the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief is doing so much to save so many lives around the world. He will be leading our delegation to the International AIDS Conference in Vienna next week. And so I’m grateful for his outstanding service. (Applause.)And I want to also thank the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS. (Applause.) Thank you -- and the Federal HIV Interagency Working Group for all the work that they are doing. So thank you very much. (Applause.)Now, it’s been nearly 30 years since a CDC publication called Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report first documented five cases of an illness that would come to be known as HIV/AIDS. In the beginning, of course, it was known as the “gay disease” –- a disease surrounded by fear and misunderstanding; a disease we were too slow to confront and too slow to turn back. In the decades since -– as epidemics have emerged in countries throughout Africa and around the globe -– we’ve grown better equipped, as individuals and as nations, to fight this disease.From activists, researchers, community leaders who’ve waged a battle against AIDS for so long, including many of you here in this room, we have learned what we can do to stop the sp of the disease. We’ve learned what we can do to extend the lives of people living with it. And we’ve been reminded of our obligations to one another -– obligations that, like the virus itself, transcend barriers of race or station or sexual orientation or faith or nationality.So the question is not whether we know what to do, but whether we will do it. (Applause.) Whether we will fulfill those obligations; whether we will marshal our resources and the political will to confront a tragedy that is preventable. All of us are here because we are committed to that cause. We’re here because we believe that while HIV transmission rates in this country are not as high as they once were, every new case is one case too many. We’re here because we believe in an America where those living with HIV/AIDS are not viewed with suspicion, but treated with respect; where they’re provided the medications and health care they need; where they can live out their lives as fully as their health allows. And we’re here because of the extraordinary men and women whose stories compel us to stop this scourge. I’m going to call out a few people here -- people like Benjamin Banks, who right now is completing a master’s degree in public health, planning a family with his wife, and deciding whether to run another half-marathon. Ben has also been HIV-positive for 29 years -– a virus he contracted during cancer surgery as a child. So inspiring others to fight the disease has become his mission.We’re here because of people like Craig Washington, who after seeing what was happening in his community -– friends passing away; life stories sanitized, as he put it, at funerals; homophobia, all the discrimination that surrounded the disease –- Craig got tested, disclosed his status, with the support of his partner and his family, and took up the movement for prevention and awareness in which he is a leader today.We’re here because of people like Linda Scruggs. (Applause.) Linda learned she was HIV-positive about two decades ago when she went in for prenatal care. Then and there, she decided to turn her life around, and she left a life of substance abuse behind, she became an advocate for women, she empowered them to break free from what she calls the bondage of secrecy. She inspired her son, who was born healthy, to become an AIDS activist himself.We’re here because of Linda and Craig and Ben, and because of over 1 million Americans living with HIV/AIDS and the nearly 600,000 Americans who’ve lost their lives to the disease. It’s on their behalf -– and on the behalf of all Americans -– that we began a national dialogue about combating AIDS at the beginning of this administration. In recent months, we’ve held 14 community discussions. We’ve spoken with over 4,200 people. We’ve received over 1,000 recommendations on the White House website, devising an approach not from the top down but from the bottom up.And today, we’re releasing our National HIV/AIDS Strategy, which is the product -- (applause) -- which is the product of these conversations, and conversations with HIV-positive Americans and health care providers, with business leaders, with faith leaders, and the best policy and scientific minds in our country.Now, I know that this strategy comes at a difficult time for Americans living with HIV/AIDS, because we’ve got cash-strapped states who are being forced to cut back on essentials, including assistance for AIDS drugs. I know the need is great. And that’s why we’ve increased federal assistance each year that I’ve been in office, providing an emergency supplement this year to help people get the drugs they need, even as we pursue a national strategy that focuses on three central goals.First goal: prevention. We can’t afford to rely on any single prevention method alone, so our strategy promotes a comprehensive approach to reducing the number of new HIV infections -– from expanded testing so people can learn their status, to education so people can curb risky behaviors, to drugs that can prevent a mother from transmitting a virus to her child.To support our new direction, we’re investing million in new money, and I’ve committed to working with Congress to make sure these investments continue in the future.The second --AUDIENCE MEMBER: Mr. President --THE PRESIDENT: Let’s -- hold on -- you can talk to me after -- we’ll be able to talk after I speak. That’s why I invited you here, right? So you don’t have to yell, right? (Applause.) Thank you.Second is treatment. To extend lives and stem transmission, we need to make sure every HIV-positive American gets the medical care that they need. (Applause.) And by stopping health insurers from denying coverage because of a preexisting condition and by creating a marketplace where people with HIV/AIDS can buy affordable care, the health insurance reforms I signed into law this year are an important step forward.And we’ll build on those reforms, while also understanding that when people have trouble putting food on the table or finding a place to live, it’s virtually impossible to keep them on lifesaving therapies. (Applause.)Now, the third goal is reducing health disparities by combating the disease in communities where the need is greatest. (Applause.)We all know the statistics. Gay and bisexual men make up a small percentage of the population, but over 50 percent of new infections. For African Americans, it’s 13 percent of the population -- nearly 50 percent of the people living with HIV/AIDS. HIV infection rates among black women are almost 20 times what they are for white women. So, such health disparities call on us to make a greater effort as a nation to offer testing and treatment to the people who need it the most. (Applause.) So reducing new HIV infections; improving care for people living with HIV/AIDS; narrowing health disparities -- these are the central goals of our national strategy. They must be pursued hand in hand with our global public health strategy to roll back the pandemic beyond our borders. And they must be pursued by a government that is acting as one. So we need to make sure all our efforts are coordinated within the federal government and across federal, state and local governments -– because that’s how we’ll achieve results that let Americans live longer and healthier lives. (Applause.) So, yes, government has to do its part. But our ability to combat HIV/AIDS doesn’t rest on government alone. It requires companies to contribute funding and expertise to the fight. It requires us to use every source of information –- from TV to film to the Internet -– to promote AIDS awareness. It requires community leaders to embrace all -- and not just some -- who are affected by the disease. It requires each of us to act responsibly in our own lives, and it requires all of us to look inward -- to ask not only how we can end this scourge, but also how we can root out the inequities and the attitudes on which this scourge thrives.When a person living with HIV/AIDS is treated as if she’s done something wrong, when she’s viewed as being somehow morally compromised, how can we expect her to get tested and disclose her diagnosis to others? (Applause.)When we fail to offer a child a proper education, when we fail to provide him with accurate medical information and instill within him a sense of responsibility, then how can we expect him to take the precautions necessary to protect himself and others? (Applause.)When we continue, as a community of nations, to tolerate poverty and inequality and injustice in our midst, we don’t stand up for how women are treated in certain countries, how can we expect to end the disease –- a pandemic -– that feeds on such conditions? So fighting HIV/AIDS in America and around the world will require more than just fighting the virus. It will require a broader effort to make life more just and equitable for the people who inhabit this Earth. And that’s a cause to which I’ll be firmly committed so long as I have the privilege of serving as President. So to all of you who have been out there in the field, working on this issues day in, day out, I know sometimes it’s thankless work. But the truth is, you are representing what’s best in all of us -- our regard for one another, our willingness to care for one another. I thank you for that. I’m grateful for you. You’re going to have a partner in me.God bless you and God bless the ed States of America. (Applause.)END6:23 P.M. EDT[Nextpage相关报道] 【相关中文报道】奥巴马公布抗击艾滋病战略美国总统贝拉克·奥巴马13日公布抗击艾滋病战略,着眼减少新感染者人数、关怀艾滋病病毒携带者、消除社会不平等。   战略提出明确目标,力争今后5年把国内新增艾滋病感染人数降低25%。  减新增   新战略将整合联邦政府、州政府、各地医疗研究机构等资源,加强对艾滋病高危感染群体的防控,在全国范围内加大预防艾滋病宣传教育。   奥巴马说,过去数十年,全球抗击艾滋病努力不断完善,防控思路日益清晰。  “但问题不在于我们是否知道该做什么,而在于是否去践行。”他说,“我们之所以(公布新战略),是因为尽管美国艾滋病感染率低于先前水平,但每一例新增病例都是(人们不希望看到的)多余。”   战略目标之一是今后5年把新增艾滋病感染人数降低25%,“使美国成为一个新增艾滋病病例罕见的国家”。   美国疾病控制和预防中心数据显示,现阶段,美国国内艾滋病病毒携带者超过100万,每年新增感染者大约5.6万。   释关怀   除着力减少新增感染病例外,新战略还着眼于给予艾滋病病毒携带者更多医疗和人文关怀。   战略明确,不论年龄、性别、族群、性取向、收入水平,艾滋病病毒携带者将“不受限地获得高质量、得以延续生命的医疗关怀,远离耻辱和歧视”。   针对国内艾滋病病毒携带者病情自我知情率低的状况,新战略制定目标,打算到2015年将掌握自身病情的艾滋病病毒携带者人数比例提高至90%。   根据美国疾病控制和预防中心数据,现阶段,美国每5名艾滋病病毒携带者中就有1人不知道自己已感染这种免疫缺陷疾病。   新战略还期望以今年通过的奥巴马政府医疗改革法案为平台,加大对艾滋病感染高危群体的防控。 新华社特稿   反应   划拨3000万美元专项资金   尽管新战略受到诸多抗击艾滋病团体欢迎,但实现战略目标的资金持可能面临困难。   新战略文本内容以“联邦政府财政预算吃紧”为由,没有公布达成战略目标所需资金数额,强调“维持现行资金持水平有可能较先前获得更好效果,但追加拨款的请求应受到重视”。   德新社报道,现阶段,美国每年用于艾滋病防控和研究的资金大约190亿美元。   美国卫生与公众务部长凯瑟琳·西贝利厄斯13日宣布,划拨3000万美元专项资金,用于抗击艾滋病。  但西贝利厄斯说,今后每年用于艾滋病防控和研究的资金超过190亿美元不大可能实现。   “毫无疑问,没有新的大钱罐。”她接受路透社记者采访时说,“我们不能指望(追加拨款)通过整合新资源得到解决。”   闫洁   声音   我们出台新战略,是因为我们希望艾滋病病毒携带者生活在这样一个美国:不用忍受怀疑目光,而是受到尊重,获得他们所需的医疗和卫生务。   ——— 美国总统贝拉克·奥巴马 (本段文字来源:南方都市报)201007/109016


In this week’s address, President Obama laid out a policy agenda that would strengthen our economy and create jobs right here in America by offering tax incentives to businesses that hire new employees, making the research and experimentation tax credit permanent and providing a tax cut for clean energy manufacturing. The President also wants to close tax loopholes worth billions of dollars that encourage companies to invest in overseas, while Republicans in the House have voted 11 times in just the last four years to keep those loopholes open. Download mp4 (102MB) | mp3 (3MB)201010/115918

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