原标题: 佛山市顺德区人民医院收费贵吗健步资讯
听力参考文本(文本与听力不全一致,敬请谅解):All of the Michigan congressional delegation -- with the exception of Congressman Justin Amash -- signed a letter urging the Missile Defense Agency to locate interceptor missiles at Fort Custer near Battle Creek.Amash said he didn’t sign the letter because it emphasized economic reasons rather than military ones. He basically said those decisions should be based on military necessity. Fort Custer is one of three final sites being considered. The other two are Camp Ravenna in Ohio and Fort Drum in New York.These interceptor missiles are called the Ground-based Midcourse Defense system- GMD for short. They’re designed to intercept incoming nuclear missiles. However, the problem is that the GMD system is flawed. The L.A. Times reported during tests the interceptors failed to destroy their targets six out of eleven times. That’s a dismal record when the job is to intercept nuclear missiles from North Korea, or Russia, or another hostile country. Despite the failure rate, the manufacturer got a billion bonus.The Union of Concerned Scientists concluded the GMD system is simply unable to protect the U.S. public. Laura Grego, the senior scientist for global security at the Union of Concerned Scientists, joined Stateside to talk about her concerns about the GMD interceptor missile system.Listen to the full interview above to hear Gregos analysis of the program and why a flawed program is continuing to receive billions of dollars in funding.201609/468436

Imagine choreographing thousands of people into formations to look like famous things like the Liberty Bell, or the Statue of Liberty.Sound like a stunt? Maybe a little nutty?Well, thats exactly what Arthur S. Mole and John D. Thomas did in the early 20th century.Their project photographed in Michigan at Camp Custer near Battle Creek was their most ambitious. Mole and Thomas arranged 30,000 military troops into the U.S. Shield.Intended to rally public morale during World War One, these pictures had a big impact on the American political landscape.Louis Kaplan, a Professor of History and Theory of Photography and New Media at the University of Toronto, describes how Arthur S. Mole and John D. Thomas were the first to use propaganda in the form of mass photography.Doing extra service that served to rally the country, troops would sometimes have to stand for many hours to get angling and perspective just right.Kaplan describes Mole climbing atop an 80-foot tower. He used a microphone, body language, and a long pole with a white flag attached at the end to conduct and align the troops into formation.201505/375684

These huge tracts of rainforest close to the Queensland coast are essential because they regulate the flow of water and the sediment it contains.位于昆士兰海岸附近的大片树林是不可或缺的,因为它们调节了水流量和其中的沉积物。Thats important, because theres an awful lot of water here.这一点至关重要,因为这里的水量很大。Hot,humid tropical air gives rise to vast amounts of rainfall.炎热,潮湿的热带空气产生了大量降雨。It pours for at least 120 days a year.一年至少120天下雨。And as much as 60 centimeters can fall in a single day.一天的降雨量,可高达60厘米。Its one of the wettest places on earth.这里是地球上最潮湿的地方之一。Left unchecked by the forest, the water would wash out sediments and smother marine life.如果没有雨林的截留,雨水将刷走所有沉积物,使海洋生物窒息。But waterways flowing off the rainforest are relatively clear, and many are spectacular.但经过热带雨林的缓冲和过滤,雨水就变得清澈,甚至壮观了。201504/372110

Britain Student loans Fees fi fo fum英国 学生贷款 学费?妈妈咪呀~The new student loans system is proving more expensive than expected新的学生贷款系统耗资比预期更多POLITICAL apologies are rarely so awkward.政治道歉很少有这么奇怪的。In 2012 Nick Clegg,the Liberal Democrat leader,explained in a short film why he had broken a promise to vote against raising university tuition fees.2012年,自民党领导人尼克·克莱格在一部短片中解释为什么他违背投票反对增加大学学费的承诺。I shouldnt have committed to a policy that was so expensive when theres no money around, he said.他说我不该在没钱的时候还执着于一项花费极大的政策。Mr Clegg has now lost even that excuse.现在,克莱格连这个借口都没有了。It appears that the new student loans scheme could in fact cost the government more than the old one.貌似新的学生贷款计划要比原来的花费政府更多的钱。Yet that does not mean that Mr Cleggs U-turn was a mistake.但这并不表示克莱格的态度大转弯是一个错误。When the coalition government raised fees paid by students in England (Scotland and Wales have their own policies) from around 3,300 to 9,000 a year,联合政府提出由英格兰学生(苏格兰和威尔士有自己的政策)付的费用由每年约3300上调到9000,the idea was to boost universities incomes while cutting the amount of taxpayer cash spent on undergraduate teaching.目的就是提高大学的收入,同时缩减纳税人花在本科教学上的钱。State-backed student loans,repayable only when graduates begin earning,were extended to cover the cost of the higher fees.国家提供的学生贷款在学生开始有收入时再进行偿还,而这些贷款足以囊括学生的所有花费。This,it was thought,would stoke competition in higher education while also helping to reduce the deficit.有人认为,这将引发高等教育竞争,同时也有助于减少赤字。The system can save the government money only if students do indeed repay their loans.只有学生确实偿还贷款,该系统才能节省政府的钱。Under the rules,graduates repay 9% of any income they earn over 21,000.根据规定,毕业生必须偿还收入超过21000那部分的9%给国家。Meanwhile,debt accumulates interest at the rate of inflation plus up to 3%.与此同时,这笔债务的贷款利息将以通胀率再加上最高3%的利率计算。If they are not fully repaid,loans are written off after 30 years.如果这些款项没有全额偿还,30年后则会一笔勾销。(Student debts incurred before 2012 are forgiven after 25 years—but fees,interest rates and the repayment threshold are all lower,too.)(2012年之前的学生债务25年之后则一笔勾销—但费用,利率和偿还起点也都较低)。One consequence of increasing tuition fees is that a far smaller proportion of students will repay their debt in full under the new system than under the old one.增加学费的结果之一是全额偿还贷款的学生人数要远远少于旧系统运行时全额偿还的学生人数。And recently,as the salaries of new graduates have stagnated,the forecasts have become even less optimistic.最近,由于应届毕业生的工资停滞不前,预测变得更不乐观。According to analysis by the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS),a think-tank,73% of graduates will not repay their loans in full.根据财政研究学会(IFS)的智囊团分析,73%的毕业生不能全额偿还贷款。The government now expects to recover just 55% of its costs,against an estimate of 72% in 2010.政府预计只能弥补所有花费的55%,而非2010年时预期的72%。Yet in other ways the loan system is working impressively.然而在其他方面,贷款系统的成效还是不错的。With the worrying exception of part-timers,few students have been deterred from applying to university.因为有非全日制学生未被列入贷款对象的担忧,所以大多数学生都受到鼓励,申请了学校。Last year the proportion of 18- and 19-year-olds entering was the highest ever.去年18 - 19岁的学生进入大学的比例达到历史新高。Between 2011 and 2013 the number of students who had been entitled to free school meals entering the most academically demanding universities jumped by 39%.在2011年和2013年之间,有权免费在学校吃饭且进入学术性最强大学的学生人数上升了39%。The IFS analysis also shows that the new system is remarkably progressive—those students who go on to earn the largest salaries pay back the most.IFS分析还表明,新系统非常先进——工资最高的学生偿还的贷款也最多。Better,universities do appear to be getting more competitive as a result.更加可喜的是大学似乎变得更有竞争力。Sir Steve Smith,vice-chancellor of Exeter University,says that since fees were increased,students have become savvier埃克塞特大学的副校长史蒂夫史密斯爵士说,由于费用增加,学生变得更加精明了insisting that academics actually mark their essays within a few weeks,for instance.比如说专家们在几周内就可以批改完所有文章。Applications to the best-ranked universities have leapt and many—including Exeter—are expanding to increase their fee income.申请排名最高大学的人数大幅增加—包括艾克赛特—学费收入也相应上升。Less prestigious institutions,too,are fighting harder to keep their students.不那么有名的学校也正在竭尽全力留住学生。Low repayment rates threaten to undo this.低还款率迫使情况发生改变。The next government will have either to find more money for higher education or to cut spending,says Peter Scott,of the Institute of Education,a research university.一所研究型大学教育学院的彼得·斯科特说,下届政府将为高等教育争取跟多资金或削减教育开。In December George Osborne,the chancellor of the exchequer,announced plans to remove a government cap that limits total student numbers.去年12月,英国财政大臣乔治?奥斯本宣布废除政府限制总学生人数的规定。That may now be difficult.现在这项规定可能非常难以实行。Posh universities fear the government will instead cut grants for science or research.富裕的大学担心政府将削减科学或研究资助;Less posh ones worry about being squeezed by loosely regulated private providers offering cheap courses.不那么富裕的大学担心被管理松散的私人培训机构挤兑,因为他们可以提供价格低廉的课程。One solution would be to force universities to take on some of the risk that loans will not be repaid.一个解决办法是迫使大学承担一些贷款无法收回的风险。Universities confident of their graduates career prospects could then charge more or expand numbers without worrying.大学相信他们毕业生的职业前景可观,因此他们可以毫无顾虑的收取更高的费用或扩大招生人数。Others would have to compete by holding fees down or reducing dropout rates.另外那些对自己学生前途没什么信心的学校则必须通过压价或者降低辍学率的方式与他们竞争。It would not be an easy policy to sell.推行新的高校助学贷款政策并非易事,But as Mr Clegg discovered,the right course often is not.但是,或许正如克莱格了解到得那样,正确地道路往往荆棘满途。译者:张丹 校对:邵灵玲 译文属译生译世 /201509/397161As most dog owners will attest, having a dog is great for severalreasons.大多数养人士都能明养确实有很多好处。For one, dogs are typically loyal, steady companions.首先,十分忠心,是长久的伙伴。Many studies have shown that caring for a dog is a great wayto get more exercise, relieve stress, and generally improve quality of life.很多研究显示养是锻炼身体、释放压力及提高生活质量的好方法。And, according to one study, bringing your dog to work can also make you and your co-workers more productive.同时,一项研究指出,带去上班可以提高你和同事们的工作效率。But wait. Wouldnt having a bunch of dogs running around the office create chaos?等等。一群在办公室里相互追逐难道不会引起骚乱吗?They need tobe walked, fed, played with, and what happens when two or more dogs dont get along.它们需要散步、吃东西、和人玩,如果两只或者更多只无法和平相处又会发生什么事。Who wants an office dog fight?谁会希望办公室里上演大战呢?According to the study, though, as long as dogs are properly screened and are generally friendly,their presence in the workplace may enhance productivity by lowering stress and increasing camaraderie and physical activity.研究表明,只要经过适当的筛选,选择那些温顺的带去工作,他们的出现就能够帮助缓解压力,增进同事间的感情,增加锻炼进而提高工作效率。The researchers studied around 500 workers for one week at a service manufacturing retailcompany.研究人员对一家务制造零售公司的500名员工进行了为期一周的考察。Their most interesting finding was that self reported stress remained low throughout theday for employees who brought dogs to work and increased for workers without dogs.最有趣的发现是,带上班的员工称自己当天的工作压力较小,而没有带的员工则表示自己工作压力较大。The researchers also observed many non dog owners asking dog owning co workers to take their petsout for a walk.研究人员还注意到非养人士会让那些养的同事带着他们的去散步。Now, the study is preliminary and involves a relatively small sample size.研究现在还处于初步阶段,涉及的样例相对较少。And, of course, thebenefits of having dogs at work depends in part on the workplace.当然,带工作的好处还与工作场所有关。But in general, job relatedstress is one of the biggest causes of burnout and absenteeism.但一般来说,工作压力是导致倦怠和旷工的最主要原因。So bringing dogs and perhapsother pets to work may prove to be an easy, low cost way to lower stress and make you a betterworker.因此,带或其他宠物去工作也许是减少压力的一种简单、低成本的方法,同时还能够使你在工作中表现得更好。 /201411/343415

There are people living on the island, and the iguanas are not afraid of them, in fact, quite the opposite.岛上有人居住,巨蜥并不害怕他们,事实上恰恰相反。It follows the scent of my barbecue.它循着我烤肉的香味而来。Over the last few years, these animals have adapted their behaviour to get used to the presence of man and use man as the potential food source.过去的数年中,这些动物行为发生了改变,适应了人类的存在,将人类作为一种潜在食物来源。This ability to learn and change as the environment around you changes is a very neat evolutionary trick.这种随周围环境变化而学习和变化的能力是非常理想的进化策略。It used to hunting invertebrates.它从前以无脊椎动物为食, It changes the behaviour to home in on this appealingly cooked barbecue sausage.现在则改变食谱定位到这根烤得很烂的香肠。And in modern world when mans encroached on virtually every habitat.在现代世界里,人类正在侵犯着每一块栖息地。Its a very good way of ensuring your survival.这种行为上的适应性改变很适宜生存。And the adaptability has enable the reptile with the more chilling interest in people.而适应性更让一种对人类有更骇人兴趣的爬行动物在这片水域兴旺繁衍。201502/359701The Next IdeaThere is a lot of pressure in schools these days.From the early grades through high school, students take tests and then more tests and shuffle from one extracurricular activity to the next, all while many are also trying to navigate instability at home.Budget worries keep countless administrators up at night, and, says Rita Benn, director of the Faculty Scholars Program in integrative health care at University of Michigans Department of Family Medicine, about 50% of teachers leave within the first five years because its so stressful.Benn, who is also co-founder of the Michigan Collaborative for Mindfulness in Education, says meditation and mindfulness techniques offer an effective way to help both students and teachers handle stress in the classroom.;Mindfulness is a quality of awareness that involves paying attention in the present moment to whats happening, with a sense of kindness to yourself and acceptance,; says Benn.In the classroom, students are instructed in becoming more conversant with whats going on in their bodies and their minds, she says, so that they are more able to respond, rather than react, know what some triggers might be, and label some emotions they might be feeling. They even learn how their brain works, she says, and thats not something theyre being taught.Carl Clark, a third and fourth grade teacher at Ann Arbor Open School, has been using mindfulness techniques in his classroom for two years. He says he begins each day with mindfulness to settle down the energy coming from home to the classroom. He also uses it to help settle conflicts between students.;Before this they had no idea what was happening inside of them,; Clark says. ;They had no idea why they were angry.;Mindfulness has helped the students become more aware of whats happening around them and whats happening inside them, he says. Plus, the improved focus and attention in his classroom, he says, has led to higher test scores.For The Next Idea, Benn and Clark discuss how mindfulness works in the classroom, what it will take to expand its use in Michigan schools, and the barriers that stand in the way.201510/403590Its that magical time of year, when you need to start checking yourself for ticks.The blacklegged tick is the kind of tick we have in Michigan that can transmit Lyme disease, and its been expanding its range in our state.Erik Foster is a medical entomologist with the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services.He says the risk for running into blacklegged ticks is highest in the western part of the state.;These ticks were originally documented in Menominee County in the western Upper Peninsula in the late 90s, and it wasnt until the early 2000s that we discovered them in the Lower Peninsula in southwestern lower Michigan,; he says. ;Since then, the tick range has expanded to encompass essentially all of the western shoreline of the state of Michigan, and those ticks have been moving steadily eastward, so we talk about areas around Kalamazoo and even into Ionia moving eastward in the state, is where were starting to see these ticks emerge as well.;He says ticks hitch rides on deer and birds, so as those creatures move around, ticks can drop off in new locations.Blacklegged ticks can be hard to spot this time of yearFoster says the blacklegged tick has three life stages.;Theres the larvae, which is a very small six legged creature, the nymphal stage, which is about the size of a poppy seed, still very small, and then the adult stage,; he says. ;And at this point in the year, were seeing the nymphal stage ticks, which are sometimes hard to detect, theyre kind of black in color and the back end of them may look tan or translucent colored, and these are going to be in areas where youve got woods or edge habitat between grassy habitat and the woods.;He says these ticks like to hang out in well-shaded areas that have higher humidity, because once they get out in the sunlight, they dry out pretty quickly.;When youre walking through the woods, these ticks are waiting; we call this questing, theyre questing for a host, on the edge of vegetation. This could be on the side of a trail, and theyll grab onto you and climb up your leg or your pants,; he says.He says the highest risk for running into ticks is in forested areas, but you might also find them in your backyard, especially if your property backs up to a wooded lot.He says you can trim tree cover back, to open up the area to sunlight. And you can create a border between the woods and the lawn, using wood chips or gravel.Foster says the most common kind of tick in Michigan is the American dog tick, and that tick does not transmit Lyme disease (it can transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever, but he says its very unusual to contract that disease in Michigan).Preventing Lyme diseaseFoster says the best thing to do is try to avoid tick bites in the first place. He recommends wearing EPA-approved insect repellents (such as DEET, picaridin or oil of lemon eucalyptus).He says its important to do a tick check when you get back inside, paying special attention to certain areas of your body where ticks commonly bite: behind the knee, the waistline, groin, armpits, behind the ears, around the neck and in the hairline. Taking a shower when you come in from a wooded area is also a good idea.;Showering can dislodge ticks that have not yet bitten. Removing a tick that has bitten you before 24-48 hours is also preventative of Lyme disease,; he says.Foster says early treatment is really important with Lyme disease. He says about 70% of people will have an expanding red rash that looks like a bullseye.;Now, its not always going to look like a clear bullseye—this may be just a red area on the skin that expands out over time. And we like people to know you dont always necessarily want to be looking for an exact bullseye ring, because we dont want people to miss Lyme disease.; he says. ;If you have an expanding rash in the summer, if youve got fever, body aches, headache, fatigue, these types of symptoms, you want to go see your health care provider and let them know you may have been in an area where there are ticks.;Tracking Lyme disease casesFoster says his department has been tracking Lyme disease cases in Michigan.;Weve seen increases over the time Ive been doing surveillance for human cases of Lyme in the state, which goes back ten years or more. Weve seen steady and slow increases and these increases are coming in areas where the tick is more common,; he says. ;So where we see Lyme disease cases being reported from, where people are being exposed locally, is in those places like the western Upper Peninsula and in the western part of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan as were seeing those increases happening.;201605/446047

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